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From Exhibiting to Researching : the Changing Role of University Museums in South-East Asia Nor Edzan Che Nasir University of Malaya.

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Presentation on theme: "From Exhibiting to Researching : the Changing Role of University Museums in South-East Asia Nor Edzan Che Nasir University of Malaya."— Presentation transcript:

1 From Exhibiting to Researching : the Changing Role of University Museums in South-East Asia Nor Edzan Che Nasir University of Malaya

2 Universities establish museums to aid teaching and research within the university. However, this has led to the establishment of various collections across the various disciplines and at times the establishment of various university museums within one university. However, with some university museums, due to the value and historical importance of the collection, the focus of the university museum itself is on the display of the collection and not on the research of the collection. However, universities in South-East Asia are increasing their focus on research and therefore, their university museums have to move in tandem with this move. This presentation looks at the need for university museums in South-East Asia to maintain a balance between being a center of excellence for research and an institution showcasing the best of its collection. ABSTRACT

3 Dr. Nor Edzan Che Nasir is the Chief Librarian at the University of Malaya in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Currently, she oversees the University of Malaya’s Museum of Asian Art and is directly involved in setting-up the University of Malaya Art Gallery. Prior to this, she was an academician with the Masters of Library and Information Science programme from 1999 to 2007 at the Faculty of Computer Science & Information Technology, University of Malaya. She was a librarian at Universiti Sains Malaysia from 1983 to 1991 and went on to become a librarian at the University of Malaya Library from 1991 to 1999 where she was attached to the Law Library. Her research interests centres on information literacy, library science education, journal publishing, institutional repositories and social media. She has presented and published numerous papers and is currently one of the reviewers for the Malaysian Journal of Library and Information Science and the Editor for Jurnal PPM BIODATA

4 Defining university museums Changing roles of university museums University museums in South east Asia Museum of Asian Art, University of Malaya Research Latest addition Research to commence Joint research What needs to be done

5 No clear definition of a university museum “I do not have a definition for a [university museum, gallery, collection] other than it is a museum, gallery or collection administratively within a degree granting institution (Kelly, 1999 in Lourenco, 2005) Late 16 th century – development of object-based teaching and research = universities establish museums = 1 st generation university museum = research, teaching, public display 1930s – emergence of historic collections = 2 nd generation university museum 1980’s – integration of collections with management structures = 3 rd generation university museum UNIVERSITY MUSEUMS

6 Tirrel (2000) Noted the shift in research and public interest Had no direction or purpose Had to redefine and reposition Examples : learning labs, ICT application, specialised collection De Clerq (2005) University museums need to serve academic community and the public Not faculty-based but has become a central unit in the university structure UMAC = University Museums And Collections ICOM - International Council of Museums CHANGING ROLE

7 MacDonald & Ashby (2011 ) “Pressing need to review the purpose of university museums” “Succesful university museums must promote themselves to academics and students from a wide range of discipline” CHANGING ROLE

8 Roodhouse (2003) Oxford & Cambridge University Musuems Centre of excellence for research Jaschik (2009) U of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaelogy and Anthropology Dismissed research specialists in the museum Museum wants research on the collection and not on museology October 2011 – University museums in Scotland Conference 2011 at the University of Glasgow Scottish universities’ objectives are beginning to shift from diverse agendas towards a greater focus on research excellence and the impact of public engagement activities. Uni versity musuems and gallery services need to align themselves to this and show their impact in terms of research and teaching engagement. CHANGING ROLE

9 Move towards research 2 types of research – museum research and museological research CHANGING ROLE

10 Museums have existed in universities Started out as : collection of gifts or departmental study collections Specifically for teaching and/or public exhibitions Throughout the years, the public exhibitions able to garner a following amongst off-campus communities and gained prominence gained financial support from individuals or corporations Thus, university museums became exhibition centers Now = universities are focusing on research In order to survive, university museums must become a source for research or even a centre for research BUT, must still serve the off-campus community IN SOUTH-EAST ASIA

11 Museum Art gallery or Art museum Museum + art gallery Types

12 SEA – University Museum Malaysia Museum of Asian Art, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur Muzium dan Galeri Tuanku Fauziah, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Penang Muzium Pendidikan Nasional, Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris, Tanjung Malim Muzium Universiti Malaysia Sabah, Kota Kinabalu Philippines University of Santo Thomas Museum, Manila Thailand Chulalongkorn University Museum of Natural History, Bangkok Southeast Asian Ceramics Museum, Bangkok University, Bangkok Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn Natural History Museum, Prince of Songkla University, Hatyai Singapore NUS Museum, National University of Singapore Raffles Museum of Biodiversity Research, National University of Singapore

13 Indonesia Museum Universitas Pelita Harapan, Jakarta Soemadja Gallery, Institut Teknologi Bandung, Bandung Malaysia Malaysia Institute of Art Gallery, Kuala Lumpur Philippines Ateneo Art Gallery, Ateneo de Manila University, Manila Jorge B. Vargas Museum and Filipiniana Research Center The Museum at De La Salle University, Manila Singapore Institute of Contemporary Arts, Lasalle College of the Arts, Nanyang Academy of Fine Arts Gallery NTU Art & Heritage Museum, Nanyang Technological University SEA - University Art Museum

14 Malaysia's oldest university Situated on a 750 acre (309 hectare) campus in the southwest of Kuala Lumpur, the capital of Malaysia Has its roots in Singapore with the establishment of King Edward VII College of Medicine in University of Malaya was formed with the amalgamation of King Edward VII College of Medicine and Raffles College in Singapore University of Malaya Kuala Lumpur was established 22 academies/institutes/faculties/centres 112 undergraduate programmes and 132 postgraduate programmes 15,202 undergraduates and 10,762 postgraduate = 25,964 2,716 academic staff, 562 professional/managerial and 3,092 non- academic staff = 5,830 Research university 6 museums – Medical, Geology, Zoology, Herbarium, Malay Ethnography, Asian Art UNIVERSITY OF MALAYA

15 Locally known as Universiti Malaya or in short UM Malaysia's oldest university Situated on a 750 acre (309 hectare) campus in the southwest of Kuala Lumpur, the capital of Malaysia Has its roots in Singapore with the establishment of King Edward VII College of Medicine in University of Malaya was formed with the amalgamation of King Edward VII College of Medicine and Raffles College in Singapore University of Malaya Kuala Lumpur was established 22 academies/institutes/faculties/centres 112 undergraduate programmes and 132 postgraduate programmes 15,202 undergraduates and 10,762 postgraduate = 25,964 2,716 academic staff, 562 professional/managerial and 3,092 non- academic staff = 5,830 Research university

16 Collection Malaysiana - basketry, textile, brass, silver, wood carving India – stone carvings, temple sculptures, bronze images, miniature paintings, wood carvings Persia and West Asia – ceramics, Islamic bronzes, miniature paintings, tombstones, precious stones South-East Asia – ceramics, pottery, daggers, sculpture, textile, jewellery, terracotta works, puppetry, sacred masks China – ceramics, porcelain Japan – ceramics Malay manuscripts Paintings – Malaysian artists Museum of Asian Art

17 Paintings by local & international artists Hiroshima & Nagasaki tragedies – Dept of East Asia Studies, Faculty of Arts & Social Sciences Heritage conservation – Dept of Quantity Surveying, Faculty of Built Environment Public diplomacy programmes – Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Malaysia Malay manuscripts – Dept of Library & Information Science, Faculty of Computer Science & Information Technology Research

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22 Establish the University of Malaya Art Gallery Research - Malaysian artists, Malaysian artworks, Educate the university community and the public on art through activities Latest addition

23 Mural restoration – Dept of Building Surveying, Faculty of Built Environment & National Visual Art Center, Malaysia Research to commence

24 MOUs Joint research

25 Maintain dual role research & teaching public display Increase in museum research i.e. research on the collection held within the museum Attract academics and research students to conduct museum research Partner with faculties in research Research publications which acknowledge use of museum collection Promote museum collections to the public Collaborate with corporate agencies, individuals, foreign embassies - exhibitions What needs to be done

26 De Clereq, S.W.G Keeping for the future. UMAC Uppsala Proceedings. Jaschik, S Museums and academic values. Available at: Lourenco, M.C Between Two Worlds: The Distinct Pature and Contemporary Significance of University Museums and Collections in Europe. PhD dissertation, Conservatoire National des Arts et Metiers, Paris. MacDonald, S. and Ashby, J Museums: campus treasures. Nature, 471 (7337) : NUS Museum Available at : Roodhouse, S The Oxford and cambridge University Museums: A Global Contribution to Widening Knowledge and Deepening Understanding. London: Resource, The Council for Museums, Archives and Libraries. Tirrel, P.B A synopsis and perpective of concerns and challengesfor the international community of university museums. Curator, 43 (2) : REFERENCES

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