Presentation on theme: "Español I Dia de los Muertos"— Presentation transcript:
1 Español I Dia de los Muertos One of the most meaningful and colorful of Mexican celebrations
2 AGENDALa historia del Día de los Muertos Vocabulario Tradiciones y símbolos Battleship!
3 WHAT IS IT? Mexico’s most famous feriado A blend of pre-Hispanic indigenous beliefs and Spanish Catholic beliefsA month-long Aztec celebration dedicated to the “Lady of the Dead”Celebrated in remembrance and honor of those who passedFeriado – holidayFestive, joyous holiday on November 1 and 2
4 Setting up an alter with offerings in honor of the deceased HOW IS IT CELEBRATED?Setting up an alter with offerings in honor of the deceasedCleaning and decorating gravesCommunity festivals, parades, street partiesStaying up all night in the graveyard, sharing stories of the deceased, and playing their favorite music
5 WHY DO PEOPLE CELEBRATE DAY OF THE DEAD? “Dia de los Muertos allows the dead to live again. During this time it is believed that the deceased return to their earthly homes to visit and rejoice with their loved ones.”– fromJust like in the US we visit the graves of family members and friends to leave flowers and reconnect with them, Dia de los Muertos is a celebration about restoring connections with those who left us.
7 VocabularioCalaca: a skeleton figure representing death. Candelero: a candlestick Calaveras: colorful sculptures of skulls used during Dia de los Muertos made from sugar or from papier-mache. Dulces: candies, sweets Ofrenda(s): an offering, often in the form of an altar, used to honor ancestors and others during Dia de los Muertos. Máscara / Careta: the mask Pan de muerto: special rolls made in the shape of skulls. Panteón: cemetery, graveyard. Tumba: grave
8 Tradiciones y símbolos Día de los muertosTradiciones y símbolosOne of the most meaningful and colorful of Mexican celebrations
9 Las OfrendasFamilies prepare ornate, tiered altars or ofrendas those who diedCandles, water, food, pictures, papel picado ("perforated paper“), pan de muerto (“bread of the dead”)Ofrendas are set up in homes and public places or plazasFamilies leave out food or items the person cherished while alive
10 Marigolds (“cempasuchitl”) are displayed as an important symbol of death The “flower of the dead” is spread over altars and gravesPapel picado is a popular tissue paper decorationUsed to adorn altars, shops, and cemeteries
11 Las calaveras are sugar skull candies LOS DULCES ESPECIALESLas calaveras are sugar skull candiesThey represent a departed soul and honor their returnThe skull symbolizes the soulThere are clay toy versions painted silver, white, black, or redThe painted skulls have unique patterns and vibrant colors