Presentation on theme: "Dia de los Muertos. La historia del Día de los Muertos Vocabulario Tradiciones y símbolos Battleship! AGENDA."— Presentation transcript:
Dia de los Muertos
La historia del Día de los Muertos Vocabulario Tradiciones y símbolos Battleship! AGENDA
Mexico’s most famous feriado A blend of pre-Hispanic indigenous beliefs and Spanish Catholic beliefs A month-long Aztec celebration dedicated to the “Lady of the Dead” A month-long Aztec celebration dedicated to the “Lady of the Dead” Celebrated in remembrance and honor of those who passed WHAT IS IT?
Setting up an alter with offerings in honor of the deceased Setting up an alter with offerings in honor of the deceased Cleaning and decorating graves Cleaning and decorating graves Community festivals, parades, street parties Community festivals, parades, street parties HOW IS IT CELEBRATED?
“Dia de los Muertos allows the dead to live again. During this time it is believed that the deceased return to their earthly homes to visit and rejoice with their loved ones.” – from http://www.celebrate-day-of-the-dead.com WHY DO PEOPLE CELEBRATE DAY OF THE DEAD?
Calaca: a skeleton figure representing death. Candelero: a candlestick Calaveras: colorful sculptures of skulls used during Dia de los Muertos made from sugar or from papier-mache. Dulces: candies, sweets Ofrenda(s): an offering, often in the form of an altar, used to honor ancestors and others during Dia de los Muertos. Máscara / Careta: the mask Pan de muerto: special rolls made in the shape of skulls. Panteón: cemetery, graveyard. Tumba: grave VOCABULARIO
Tradiciones y símbolos
LAS OFRENDAS Families prepare ornate, tiered altars or ofrendas those who died Candles, water, food, pictures, papel picado ("perforated paper“), pan de muerto (“bread of the dead”) Ofrendas are set up in homes and public places or plazas Families leave out food or items the person cherished while alive
Marigolds (“cempasuchitl”) are displayed as an important symbol of death The “flower of the dead” is spread over altars and graves Papel picado is a popular tissue paper decoration Used to adorn altars, shops, and cemeteries
LOS DULCES ESPECIALES Las calaveras are sugar skull candies They represent a departed soul and honor their return The skull symbolizes the soul There are clay toy versions painted silver, white, black, or red The painted skulls have unique patterns and vibrant colors