3Emotional Well beingIt is very important as it affects your work out put.You need to be at a stable , happy state to perform your bestTwo factors are important in this aspectHome environment: You should try to keep it healthy for it which reflects at work.Office environment
4Stressful SituationsIn order to maintain a high level of productivity, a positive work environment is absolutely essential. Although many aspects of the workplace are completely under your control, there will be occasions when you are essentially helpless, and the only control you have is how you REACT to a specific situation.
5Signs and Symptoms of Stress The following are common signs and symptoms of stress. Identify those that you are experiencing now or have experienced in the past.· fatigue · anxiety, apprehensiveness, guilt· headaches or dizziness · sadness or depression· rapid heart beat · loss of interest in people and things· stomach aches or nausea · mood swings· teeth grinding · trouble concentrating· loneliness · confusion and forgetfulness· helplessness · increased aggression· dread of going to work · changes in eating or sleeping habits· getting easily overwhelmed, frustrated, upset, or angry· feeling pressures or pressed for time· feeling incompetent, inadequate, unappreciated, or trapped· increased use of alcohol, drugs, or cigarettes· thinking of the same thing over and over again
6Coping TechniquesSometimes you may not be able to change the situation that is causing your stress. Here are some ways you might try coping with stress in situations beyond your control until the situation changes.Get support. Identify co-workers, friends, and family you trust and can talk to. Make socialplans with them. Join social activities and staff organizations to meet new friends and build social support among others with common interests.Practice deep breathing, visualization, meditation, yoga, stretching or some other techniques That helps you relax. When you are feeling more relaxed you will have an easier time finding concrete solutions to your problems.Take a break from whatever is causing your stress. Don’t forget to laugh, play, and have fun.Take care of yourself. Maintain a healthy diet. Exercise moderately at least two to three times a week. Get enough sleep. Remember that caffeine, alcohol, cigarettes and drugs do not help solve your problems and actually contribute to stress.Take a brief wellness break for a brisk, rejuvenating walk with a friend. Thechange of scenery and social support can make a difference!
7Physical Well being Back pain Neck pain Eye strain Joint pain InfectionsObesity & over wt.HairfallDiabetesCancerHaemorrhoidsHypertension
8Lower Back painSitting for hours on end, particularly if you have bad posture, can be devastating to your body over time if you don't get moving on a regular basis.
9Prevention: Besides being better aware of your posture as you're sitting at your desk, getting regular exercise including abdominal strengthening activities should relieve some of the pressure on your lower back.Having too fat a wallet in your back pocket can be a bad thing as well. Sitting on a large wallet can put pressure on the sciatic nerve, which can cause sharp back pain
10Symptoms of Low Back Pain Symptoms range from a dull ache to a stabbing or shooting sensation. The pain may make it hard to move or stand up straight. Acute back pain comes on suddenly, often after an injury from sports or heavy lifting. It also may radiate down the leg. Pain that lasts more than three months is considered chronic. If your pain is not better within 72 hours, you should consult a ortho-spine surgeon.
11Symptoms That Require Urgent Care Back pain after fallLoss of sensationLoss of bowel or bladder controlLeg weaknessPain on coughing or urinatingUnable to walk on your toes and heels
12Causes Muscle strain: Sciatica: Job: Your Posture: Herniated Disc: Age group (14-45)Spondyolysis:Spondyolisthesis:Spinal stenosis:)Fibromyalgia:Pelvic Inflammatory disease:Urinary tract infection:
13Who's at Risk for Low Back Pain? Most people get their first taste of low back pain in their 30s. The odds of additional attacks increase with age. Other reasons your low back may hurt include:Being overweightInactive lifestyleJobs that require heavy lifting
14Preventing Low Back Pain There's no sure way to prevent back pain as you age, but there are steps you can take to lower your risk:Stay at a healthy weight.Exercise regularly.Lift with your legs, not your back.Make sure your work station position isn't contributing to your pain.
15Ergonomic Chair Seat height: Seat width and depth: Lumbar support: Backrest.The material of the office chair seatArmrests.Swivel
16Ergonomic work station one ought to move freely in there, as stiff and tight is not how you should feel like; double check that you can position the monitor directly in front of your eyes at no less than 20 inches away (or 50 cm) – your ophthalmologist can tell you more about it; last but not least, see that the desk has a stable work surface.
17Neck pain Symptoms: difficulty moving it, especially to one side. Pain, numbness, tingling, or weakness in your shoulder, arm, hand, or elsewhere.
18Causes Muscle strain or tension Bending the neck while work for long hoursHaving poor postureplacing your computer monitor too high or too lowsleeping in an uncomfortable positionsevere neck injuries like vertebral fractures, whiplash, blood vessel injury, FibromyalgiaSpondylosisSpinal stenosisSprainsInfectionCancer
19When to contact an ortho spine surgeon/doctor If there is fever and neck ridgitityAssociated with breathlessness, chest pain, jaw painSymptoms more than 1 weekHistory of neck injuryPain worsens on lying downParalysisLoss of bowel bladder control
20PreventionUse relaxation techniques and regular exercise to prevent unwanted stress and tension to the neck muscles.Learn stretching exercises for your neck and upper body. Stretch every day, especially before and after exercise. A physical therapist can help.Use good posture, especially if you sit at a desk all day. Keep your back supported. Adjust your computer monitor to eye level. This prevents you from continually looking up or down.If you work at a computer, stretch your neck every hour or so.Use a headset when on the telephone, especially if answering or using the phone is a main part of your job.When reading or typing from documents at your desk, place them in a holder at eye level.Evaluate your sleeping conditions. Make sure your pillow is properly and comfortably supporting your head and neck. You may need a special neck pillow. Make sure your mattress is firm enough.Use seat belts and bike helmets to prevent injuries.
21Eye strainOffice workers who spend hours a day staring at a computer screen might tell you that after a certain amount of time, their vision gets blurry and their eyes generally become more sensitive. Those symptoms (as well as too- watery or too-dry eyes, a headache or a sore neck) could be indications of eyestrain
22Symptoms of eye strain/fatigue Sore or irritated eyesDifficulty focusingDry or watery eyesBlurred or double visionIncreased sensitivity to lightPain in the neck, shoulders, or back
23Eye strain or eye fatigue Causesreadingwritingdrivingstaring for long periods at digital devices such as:computer screenssmartphonesvideo gamesSleep deprivation
24Prevention Make changes to your computer screen, such as: Make changes to your work environment,Make changes to your work habits, such as:Take care of your eyes with these steps:Apply a washcloth soaked in warm water to tired, dry eyes (with eyes closed).Use artificial tears to refresh your eyes when they feel dry.To help prevent dry eyes while working indoors, use an air cleaner to filter dust and a humidifier to add moisture to the air.
25Joint painThe human body is meant to move, and staying in one position for too long can make joints feel tight. Sitting at a desk especially shortens and tightens the hip flexors, the muscles than help pull your legs toward your body.
26Many different conditions can lead to painful joints, including osteoarthritis,rheumatoid arthritis, bursitis, gout, strains, sprains, and other injuries. Joint pain is extremely common. Joint pain can range from mildly irritating to debilitating. It may go away after a few weeks (acute), or last for several weeks or months (chronic). Even short-term pain and swelling in the joints can affect your quality of life. Whatever the cause of joint pain, you can usually manage it with medication, physical therapy, or alternative treatments.
27Infections Must control the spread Keep work desk clean Avoid eating in deskIf you have an infection must make sure others don’t get it.( such as if you have a cold wear a mask to prevent spread)
28Obesity & Overwt. One of the major vices of a desk job is Obesity. Being overwt. Is a cosmetic problem, but once you become obese, it’s a disease and should be treated accordingly.You gain weight because there is an imbalance in intake and output. So you need a reverse imbalance to correct it.
29There are many modes of weight loss. I am just giving the names hereDietWork outNon surgical therapiesInvasive therapiesSurgery
30Tips Cut your carbs or more specifically starches from your menu Have 3-5 meals per dayDrink 3-4 litres of water if no contraindicationExercise but do not do so much which you cannot continue.If you must let go of a program do not do it suddenly, slowly taper it away.Take advice if necessary
31Hair loss Types: Male- and female-pattern baldness Alopecia areata Scarring alopecia(lichen planus, lupus)Anagen effluviumTelogen effluvium
32Home solutions Hot oil massage Natural juices Head massage AntioxidentsMeditationBiotinTreat infection or dandruffManage stressRecent advances: Growth factor, stem cell, Laseron
33Diabetes Excessive thirst and increased urination Fatigue Weight loss Blurred visionSlow-healing sores or frequent infectionsTingling hands and feetRed, swollen, tender gumsTake your body's hints seriously
34Simple Steps to Lower Your Risk Harvard School of Public Health Control Your WeightWork outChoose whole grains and whole grain products over highly processed carbohydrates.Skip the sugary drinks, and choose water, coffee, or tea instead.Choose good fats instead of bad fats.Limit red meat and avoid processed meat; choose nuts, whole grains, poultry, or fish instead.If You Smoke, Try to Quit
35Cancer Check for cancer markers once a year Early detection can be a life saver
36HaemorrhoidsThe veins around your anus tend to stretch under pressure and may bulge or swell. Swollen veins (hemorrhoids) can develop from an increase in pressure in the lower rectum.
37Straining during bowel movements Sitting for long periods of time on the toiletChronic diarrhea or constipation or coughObesityPregnancyHard seatLow-fiber diet
38Signs and symptomsPainless bleeding during bowel movements — you might notice small amounts of bright red blood on toilet tissue or in the toilet bowlItching or irritation anal regionPain or discomfortSwelling around anusA lump near anus, which may be sensitive or painfulLeakage of feces
40Hypertension Symptoms Severe headacheFatigue or confusionVision problemsChest painDifficulty breathingIrregular heartbeatBlood in the urinePounding in your chest, neck, or ears
41If you have any of these symptoms, see a doctor immediately If you have any of these symptoms, see a doctor immediately. You could be having a hypertensive crisis that could lead to a heart attack or stroke.Untreated hypertension can lead to serious diseases, including stroke, heart disease, kidney failure and eye problems.
42Tips for the day Try to enjoy what you are doing avoid stress. Maintain a healthy weightStretch every hour to prevent back & joint painDo neck exercises to prevent neck painRest your eyesSleep 6-8 hrs a dayDrink 2-3 Litres of water a dayUse ergonomic work station.Check for diabetes, hypertension, cancer regularlyRemember prevention is better than cure