2 Forms of PoetryAlthough the form of poems may differ in structure, they all express the author’s thoughts and feelings.When reading a poem, do not pause at the end of each line. Rather, pause slightly for commas and come to a full stop at periods.Narrative poetry tells a story in verse, often have elements similar to short stories, such as plot and characters.Haiku is a three-line Japanese verse form. The first and third lines each have five syllables and the second line has seven.Free Verse poetry is defined by its lack of strict structure. It has no regular meter, rhyme, fixed line length, or stanza pattern.Concrete poems are shaped to look like their subjects. The poet arranges the lines to create a picture on the page.
3 Metaphor- describes one thing as if it were something else. Figurative Language- writing or speech that is not meant to be taken literally.Metaphor- describes one thing as if it were something else.The house was a zoo this morning!Personification- gives human qualities to something that is not human.The cars growled in the traffic.Simile- uses like or as to compare two unlike things.He stormed into the meeting like a tornado.Symbol- anything that represents something else.a dove is a symbol for peacea heart is a symbol for love.(Notice something tangible represents something intangible.)
4 Sound Devices enhance a poem’s mood and meaning. Alliteration is the repetition of consonant sounds in the beginning of words.Repetition is the use of any element of language more than once. (sound, word, phrase, clause, sentence)Onomatopoeia is the use of words that imitate sounds.Rhyme is the repetition of sounds at the ends of words.
5 Graphic elements- strengthen the sound or visual appeal of the poem and are the visual features that can influence a poem’s meaning.Punctuation- marks, such as commas, show the reader where to slow down or pause.Line length- can help determine whether a poem has a flowing sound or a short, choppy sound.Word position- can show relationships between words and ideas. It also shows the different structures of poems.Capital letters- Capitalizing the first word in a line is one of the traditional tools of poetry writing. Some poets use capital letters for emphasis (or the lack of capital letters for emphasis).
6 The poet e. e. cummings used the graphical elements of inventive punctuation, capitalization, and word placement in his poems.the little horse is newlYBy: e.e. cummingsthe little horse is newlY Born)he knows nothing;and feels everything;all around whom is perfectly a strange ness Of sun light and of fragrance and of Singing)is ev erywhere(a welcom ing dream:is amazing) a worlD.and in this world lies:smoothbeautifuL ly folded;a(brea thing and a gro Wing)silence,who; is:somE oNe.l(aleaffalls)oneliness—e. e. cummings
7 Metaphor for the sound of her voice Self-PortraitGeorge Ella LyonFree verse poem. In this poem, the author uses several devices to allow the reader to know who she is as a person:ImageryMetaphor for the sound of her voiceEvents showing what type of person she was when she was youngerEmotions/feelingsThoughts/ideas about lifeHints at what her home life was like and whether she liked itBolded wordsVaried line lengthUneven stanza lines: no patternTomboy caughtwalking Mrs. Haygood’sclothesline, digging to China in thealley,running away from home on the traintracks,painting the doorknobsred.I would really rather not tellyouabout her. She’s wearing that reddress hermother got her for her birthday andshe’s considering taking up bungee jumping because it’ssafer than gettingout of bed. If you ask seven stones whythe creek ran dry, theirvoices might remind you of hers.
8 What can you tell me about the topic of this poem? Foul Shotby Edwin A. HoeyWith two 60s stuck on the scoreboardAnd two seconds hanging on the clock,The solemn boy in the center of eyes,Squeezed by silence,Seeks out the line with his feet,Soothes his hands along his uniform,Gently drums the ball against the floor,Then measures the waiting net,Raises the ball on his right hand,Balances it with his left,Calms it with fingertips,Breathes,Crouches,Waits,And then through a stretching of stillness,Nudges it upwards.The ballSlides up and out,Lands,Leans,Wobbles,Wavers,Hesitates,Plays it coyUntil every face begs with unsounding screams--And thenAnd then,Right before ROAR-UP,Drives down and through.What can you tell me about the topic of this poem?How does the form of the poem help the reader understand meaning?What graphic elements help the reader understand the action of the poem?
9 What can you tell me about the message of the poem? Don’t be Afraidto let your wordsplay on the pageLet them line uplike soldiers on parade.Letthemdashdownstairs.fallfastandCRASH on the grasssss.Or skip from rock to rock across a stream.To emphasize a word, make it livealoneon its very own line.Add stanza breaks or dashes to make the reader stop –Play with punctuation.Ellipses make words trail off…Parentheses add subtlety (to a sly aside).Indent a lineto expand on a thoughtof the line that came before.Let your words build and explode!them in air.Let linger theLet them slink aways l o w l ytill they’re barely even there.What poetic devices (figurative language, sound devices, or graphic elements) does this poet use to give the reader a picture of the topic?What can you tell me about the message of the poem?How does the form of the poem help the reader understand meaning?Wolf, Allan. (2006). Immersed in verse. New York, NY: Lark Books
11 Some poetry forms in which graphic elements are important include: Haiku—a traditional form of Japanese poetry that is often about nature.The first line always has five syllables, the second line has seven syllables, and the third line has five syllables.Green and speckled legs, Hop on logs and lily pads Splash in cool water.Mountains come alive;deer, trout and conifers thriveSpringtime’s scenic drive.sea's sound in the breezecaptured in a pretty shell nature's gift to me
12 Diamante—a seven line poem written in the shape of a diamond Diamante—a seven line poem written in the shape of a diamond Each line has specific types of words.Line 1 is a nounLine 2 contains two adjectives describing the first line.Line 3 has three action verbs that relate to line 1.Line 4 has 4 nouns (or a short phrase); first two are about line 1, the second 2 are about line 7.Line 5 contains 3 action verbs that relate to line 7.Line 6 has two adjectives that describe line 7.Line 7 is a noun (a synonym or an antonym to line 1).square symmetrical, conventional shaping, measuring, balancing boxes, rooms, clocks, halos encircling, circumnavigating, enclosing round, continuous circleMonstersCreepy, sinisterHiding, lurking, stalkingVampires, werewolves, mummies, and zombiesChasing, pouncing, eatingHungry, scaryCreatures
13 Concrete Poetry—In this type of poetry, the author uses graphical elements by arranging letters and lines. The resulting visual image is the topic of the poem.
15 Identifying Similes and Metaphors Poetry Assignment #1Decide whether each sentence contains a simile or a metaphor. Write the word SIMILE if the sentence contains a simile. Write the word METAPHOR if the sentence contains a metaphor.1. The baby was like an octopus, grabbing at all the cans on the grocery store shelves.2. As the teacher entered the room she muttered under her breath, "This class is like a three-ring circus!"3. The giant’s steps were thunder as he ran toward Jack.4. The pillow was a cloud when I put my head upon it after a long day.5. I feel like a limp dishrag.6. Those girls are like two peas in a pod.7. The fluorescent light was the sun during our test.8. No one invites Harold to parties because he’s a wet blanket.9. The bar of soap was a slippery eel during the dog’s bath.10. Ted was as nervous as a cat with a long tail in a room full of rocking chairs.
16 Identifying the WordsPoetry Assignment #2On your paper, find the metaphor and write it down, and write the words being compared on your paper.1. The baby was like an octopus, grabbing at all the cans on the grocery store shelves.2. As the teacher entered the room she muttered under her breath, "This class is like a three-ring circus!"3. The giant’s steps were thunder as he ran toward Jack.4. The pillow was a cloud when I put my head upon it after a long day.5. I feel like a limp dishrag.6. Those girls are like two peas in a pod.7. The fluorescent light was the sun during our test.8. No one invites Harold to parties because he’s a wet blanket.9. The bar of soap was a slippery eel during the dog’s bath.10. Ted was as nervous as a cat with a long tail in a room full of rocking chairs.
17 Simile/Metaphor Poems Hockey --by RachelHockey is like reading.You get into it and then you neverwant to stop;You feel like you're in a different world.Hockey is like school.You have to do your work andyou have to practice or you will get an "F“.Hockey is like math.You get stronger and before you know itYou're getting an"A“;You’re scoring goals.Now that'sHockey!Untitled PoemA hand is like an open basket waiting for you to put things in. A foot is like a walking racket stomp, step, skip, jump in. A nose is like a high up mound that you can climb and then slide down. A mouth is like a funny clown which makes us laugh and never frown. Your eyes are like a fire burning with desire. Your mind is like a climbing wire with every reach you go higher.
18 I Am …I am an oyster; a tough layer protects me andkeeps the real me a secret. However, if you crackthe shell you’ll find a tender, precious “gem”.I am a turtle; shy, nervous, and when faced withconflict I hide in my shell.I am a rose; if you feed me with love daily Iblossom and bloom, but when left on my own Iwither and fade.I am a morning glory; one minute I’m openhappy, and alive, but the next minute I’mclosed to the world.I am a beam of moonlight; giving light andsecurity to those in total darkness.I am an answering machine; always listening butnever saying much.I am a bottle of white out; always trying to covermistakes before anyone can notice them.But most importantly I am myself.Bailey DonovanPeriod 6Metaphor poem. In this poem, the author uses a series of metaphors to show who he is as a person:7 metaphorsimageryexplanations for the metaphors that give both a positive comparison & a negative/contrasting comparisonEmotions/feelings
19 I feel like I am a parchment That was colored in colors of gray. Being Painted BlackI feel like I am a parchmentThat was colored in colors of gray.I feel like I am a drop of ink,That is being wiped away.I feel like I am being erasedFrom a pure and snow white canvas.I feel like I am being redrawnWith charcoal, on a dark black surface.I feel like shades of black and blue,On a picture painted white.I feel like a portrait of a withered tree,On a bleak and dreary night.I feel like a brush that’s beenstained and worthlessAnd can be used no more.I know that when all is said and done,I am a poet with nothing to say,Whose words were scribbled down onthe paper of life,All balled up and then thrown away.---Laura Phillips, age 16Simile “I Am” poem. In this poem, the author uses a series of similes to show who she is as a person:7 similesShe uses 1 metaphorimageryexplanations for the similes that explain the comparisonEmotions/feelingsOne oxymoron: “poet with nothing go say”
20 Simile/Metaphor Poem Your poem: Must be about one topic (suggestions: you, your family, or your pet).Must have a title.Should be between lines in length.Must have at least one illustration related to the meaning of the poem.Word placement and graphics must add to the meaning of the poem.Write at least three metaphors and/or similes that describe your topic.Use imagery, specific word choice, and unique voice to explain why/how the metaphors/similes represent your topic.Every line cannot begin with “I Am”. At most, “I Am” can be on every third line.Use placement on the page and punctuation to help the reader understand how to read your poem.
21 Pre-AP/GT Assignment: Extended metaphor is a metaphor introduced and then further developed throughout all or part of a literary work, especially a poem. For example, Robert Frost uses two roads as an extended metaphor in “The Road Not Taken.”Pre-AP/GT Assignment:Create an Extended Metaphor poem using what you have learned during class discussion and following the guidelines below.The Extended Metaphor Poem:Must be about you, your family, or your pet, or some topic you know a lot about.Must have a titleShould be between lines in lengthMust have at least one illustration related to the meaning of the poemWord placement and graphics should add to the meaning if you choose to use themMust contain only ONE comparison between you/your family/your pet (chosen topic) that extends the entire length of the poem and explains the comparison within the body of the poem
22 Extended Metaphor Poems Fifth of JulyMy family is an expired firecracker set off by the blowtorch of divorce. We lay scattered in many directions. My father is the wick, badly burnt but still glowing softly. My mother is the blackened paper fluttering down, blowing this way and that, unsure where to land. My sister is the fallen, colorful parachute, lying in a tangled knot, unable to see the beauty she holds. My brother is the fresh, untouched powder that was protected from the flame. And I, I am the singed, outside papers, curled away from everything, silently cursing the blowtorch.By: JohnMetaphor for a FamilyMy family lives inside a medicine chest: Dad is the super-size band aid, strong and powerful but not always effective in a crisis. Mom is the middle-size tweezer, which picks and pokes and pinches. David is the single small aspirin on the third shelf, sometimes ignored. Muffin, the sheep dog, is a round cotton ball, stained and dirty, that pops off the shelf and bounces in my way as I open the door. And I am the wood and glue which hold us all together with my love.By: Belinda
23 If freckles were lovely, and day was night, in just-in Just-spring when the world is mud-luscious the littlelame balloonmanWhistles far and weeand eddieandbill comerunning from marbles andpiracies and it'sSpringwhen the world is puddle-wonderfulthe queerold balloonman whistlesFar and weeand bettyandisbel come dancingfrom hop-scotch and jump-rope andit'sspringandthegoat-footedballoonMan whistlesfarweee.e. cummingsIfIf freckles were lovely, and day was night,And measles were nice and a lie warn't a lie,Life would be delight,--But things couldn't go rightFor in such a sad plightI wouldn't be I.If earth was heaven and now was hence,And past was present, and false was true,There might be some senseBut I'd be in suspenseFor on such a pretenseYou wouldn't be you.If fear was plucky, and globes were square,And dirt was cleanly and tears were gleeThings would seem fair,--Yet they'd all despair,For if here was thereWe wouldn't be we.e.e. cummings
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