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Wacky Warning Labels (from A label on a baby stroller warns: “Remove child before folding” A brass fishing lure with a three-pronged.

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Presentation on theme: "Wacky Warning Labels (from A label on a baby stroller warns: “Remove child before folding” A brass fishing lure with a three-pronged."— Presentation transcript:

1 Wacky Warning Labels (from A label on a baby stroller warns: “Remove child before folding” A brass fishing lure with a three-pronged hook on the end warns: “Harmful if swallowed” A popular scooter for children warns: “This product moves when used” A nine- by three-inch bag of air used as packing material cautions: “Do not use this product as a toy, pillow, or flotation device” The label on an electric hand blender promoted for use in “blending, whipping, chopping and dicing,” warns: “Never remove food or other items from the blades while the product is operating” A household iron warns users: “Never iron clothes while they are being worn”


3 Extraordinary items are nonrecurring material items that differ significantly from a company’s typical business activities. Extraordinary Item must be both of an  Unusual Nature and  Occur Infrequently Company must consider the environment in which it operates. Amount reported “net of tax.” Reporting Irregular Items

4 Illustration: KC Corporation had after tax income from continuing operations of $55,000,000 during the year. In addition, it suffered an unusual and infrequent pretax loss of $770,000 from a volcano eruption. The corporation’s tax rate is 30%. Prepare a partial income statement for KC Corporation beginning with income from continuing operations. Income from continuing operations$55,000,000 Extraordinary loss, net of $231,000 tax539,000 Net income$54,461,000 ($770,000 x 30% = $231,000 tax) Reporting Extraordinary Items

5 Reporting when both Discontinued Operations and Extraordinary Items are present. Discontinued Operations Extraordinary Items Reporting Irregular Items

6 Material items that are unusual or infrequent, but not both, should be reported in a separate section just above “Income from continuing operations before income taxes.” Examples can include:  Write-downs of inventories  Foreign exchange transaction gains and losses The Board prohibits net-of-tax treatment for these items. Unusual Gains and Losses Reporting Irregular Items

7 Illustration 4-7 Income Statement Presentation of Unusual Charges Unusual Gains and Losses Reporting Irregular Items

8 Relates the income tax expense to the specific items that give rise to the amount of the tax expense. Income tax is allocated to the following items: (1)Income from continuing operations before tax. (2) Discontinued operations. (3) Extraordinary items. Intraperiod Tax Allocation Special Reporting Issues

9 Intraperiod Income Tax Allocation Income Tax Expense must be associated with each component of income that causes it. Income from Continuing Operations Show Income Tax Expense related to Income from Continuing Operations. Report effects of Discontinued Operations and Extraordinary Items NET OF RELATED INCOME TAXES.

10 Extraordinary Gain: Schindler Co. has income before income tax and extraordinary item of $250,000. It has an extraordinary gain of $100,000 from a condemnation settlement received on one its properties. Assuming a 30 percent income tax rate. Illustration 4-13 Intraperiod Tax Allocation Special Reporting Issues

11 Extraordinary Loss: Schindler Co. has income before income tax and extraordinary item of $250,000. It has an extraordinary loss from a major casualty of $100,000. Assuming a 30 percent income tax rate. Illustration 4-14 Intraperiod Tax Allocation Special Reporting Issues

12 Calculation of Total Tax $24,000 (135) (61) (231) $23,573 Note: losses reduce the total tax Example of Intraperiod Tax Allocation

13 The following balances were taken from the books of Schimank Corp. on December 31, Assume the total effective tax rate on all items is 34%. Prepare a multiple-step income statement; 100,000 shares of common stock were outstanding during the year. Interest revenue$ 120,400 Cash71,400 Sales1,932,000 Accounts receivable210,000 Prepaid insurance28,000 Sales returns & allowances210,000 Allowance for bad debts9,800 Sales discounts63,000 Land140,000 Equipment280,000 Building196,000 Cost of goods sold869,400 Accum deprec—equipment$ 56,000 Accum deprec—building39,200 Notes receivable217,000 Selling expenses271,600 Accounts payable238,000 Bonds payable140,000 Admin & general expenses135,800 Accrued liabilities44,800 Interest expense84,000 Notes payable140,000 Loss from earthquake damage (extraordinary item)210,000 Common stock700,000 Retained earnings29,400 E4-6B


15 Discussion Question Q4-12 What is the basis for distinguishing between operating and nonoperating items? Operating items are the expenses and revenues which relate directly to the principal activity of the concern; they are revenues realized from, or expenses which contribute to, the sale of goods or services for which the company was organized. The nonoperating items result from secondary activities of the company. They are not directly related to the principal activity of the company but arise from incidental activities.

16 Discussion Question Q4-30 On January 30, 2013, a suit was filed against Frazier Corp. under the EPA. On August 6, 2014, Frazier agreed to settle the action and pay $920,000 in damages to certain current and former employees. How should this settlement be reported in the 2014 financial statements? The damages would probably be reported in Frazier Corporation’s financial statements in the other expenses or losses section. If the damages are unusual in nature, the damage settlement might be reported as an unusual item. The damages would not be reported as a correction of an error (prior period adjustment).

17 Changes in Accounting Principles Changes in Estimate Corrections of Errors Reporting Irregular Items

18 Earnings Per Share Disclosure One of the most widely used ratios is earnings per share (EPS), which shows the amount of income earned by a company expressed on a per share basis. Basic EPS Net income less preferred dividends Weighted-average number of common shares outstanding for the period Diluted EPS Reflects the potential dilution that could occur for companies that have certain securities outstanding that are convertible into common shares or stock options that could create additional common shares if the options were exercised.

19 P&G’s Income Statement

20 Earnings Per Share (BE4-8): In 2014, Hollis Corporation reported net income of $1,000,000. It declared and paid preferred stock dividends of $250,000. During 2014, Hollis had a weighted average of 190,000 common shares outstanding. Compute Hollis’s 2014 earnings per share. - $250,000$1,000, ,000 = $3.95 per share Net income - Preferred dividends Weighted average number of shares outstanding Special Reporting Issues

21 EPS Divide by weighted- average shares outstanding Illustration 4-19 Special Reporting Issues

22 Discussion Question Q4-17 Indicate the section of a multiple-step income statement in which each of the following is shown. a.Loss on inventory write-down. Other expenses or losses section or in a separate section, appropriately labeled as an unusual item, if unusual or infrequent but not both. b.Loss from strike. Operating expense section or other expenses and losses section or in a separate section, appropriately labeled as an unusual item, if unusual or infrequent but not both.

23 Discussion Question Q4-17 Indicate the section of a multiple-step income statement in which each of the following is shown. c.Bad debt expense. Operating expense section, as a selling expense, but sometimes reflected as an administrative expense. d.Loss on disposal of a component of the business. Separate section after income from continuing operations, entitled discontinued operations. e.Gain on sale of machinery. Other revenues and gains section or in a separate section, appropriately labeled as an unusual item, if unusual or infrequent but not both.

24 Discussion Question Q4-17 Indicate the section of a multiple-step income statement in which each of the following is shown. f.Interest revenue. Other revenues and gains section. g.Depreciation Expense. Operating expense section, normally administrative. If a manufacturing concern, may be included in cost of goods sold. h.Material write-offs of notes receivable. Other expenses or losses section or in separate section, appropriately labeled as an unusual item, if unusual or infrequent but not both.

25 Increase  Net income  Change in accounting principle  Error corrections Decrease  Net loss  Dividends  Change in accounting principles  Error corrections Retained Earnings Statement Special Reporting Issues

26 Restrictions on Retained Earnings Disclosed  In notes to the financial statements.  As Appropriated Retained Earnings. Special Reporting Issues

27 Understanding Equity Beginning equity +Received from owners –Distributed to owners (other than dividends) –Dividends declared +Net income (or – net loss) +Other comprehensive income =Ending equity Contributed capital Retained earnings Accum OCI Comprehensive income If OCI = 0, earnings are “clean surplus” else they are “dirty surplus”. On Income Statement Not on Income Statement

28 Comprehensive Income An expanded version of income that includes four types of gains and losses that traditionally have not been included in income statements. 1.Net unrealized holding gains (losses) from investments (net of tax). 2.Gains and losses due to reviewing assumptions or market returns differing from expectations and prior service cost from amending the postretirement benefit plan. 3.When a derivative is designated as a cash flow hedge is adjusted to fair value, the gain or loss is deferred as a component of comprehensive income and included in earnings later, at the same time as earnings are affected by the hedged transaction. 4.Gains or losses from changes in foreign currency exchange rates. The amount could be an addition to or reduction in shareholders’ equity. Weird stuff

29 Other Comprehensive Income  Unrealized gains and losses on available-for- sale securities.  Translation gains and losses on foreign currency.  Plus others + Reported in Stockholders’ Equity Comprehensive Income

30 Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income In addition to reporting comprehensive income that occurs in the current period, we must also report these amounts on a cumulative basis in the balance sheet as an additional component of shareholders’ equity.

31 Companies must display the components of other comprehensive income in one of three ways: 1.A second separate income statement; 2.A combined income statement of comprehensive income; or 3.As part of the statement of stockholders’ equity Special Reporting Issues

32 LO 8 Illustration 4-19 Comprehensive Income Second income statement Special Reporting Issues

33 P&G’s Statement of Comprehensive Income

34 LO 8 Comprehensive Income Combined statement Special Reporting Issues

35 Comprehensive Income – Statement of Stockholder’s Equity Illustration 4-26 Special Reporting Issues

36 Comprehensive Income – Balance Sheet Presentation Illustration 4-27 Presentation of Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income in the Balance Sheet Regardless of the display format used, the accumulated other comprehensive income of $90,000 is reported in the stockholders’ equity section of the balance sheet. Special Reporting Issues

37 Example 1 Bryant Co. reports the following information for 2012: Sales revenue $750,000 Cost of goods sold$500,000 Operating expenses$ 80,000 Unrealized holding loss on available-for-sale securities$ 50,000 Bryant declared and paid a cash dividend of $10,000 in Bryant Co. has January 1, 2012, balances in common stock $350,000; accumulated other comprehensive income $80,000; and retained earnings $90,000. It issued no stock during Prepare a statement of stockholders’ equity.

38 Example 1 BRYANT CO. Statement of Stockholders’ Equity For the Year Ended December 31, 2012 Total Compre- hensive Income Retained Earnings Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income Common Stock Beginning balance$520,000$ 90,000$80,000$350,000 Comprehensive income Net income*170,000$170,000170,000 Other comprehensive income Unrealized holding loss(50,000) Comprehensive income$120,000 Dividends (10,000) Ending balance$630,000$250,000$30,000$350,000 *($750,000 – $500,000 – $80,000)

39 RELEVANT FACTS  Presentation of the income statement under GAAP follows either a single-step or multiple-step format. IFRS does not mention a single- step or multiple-step approach. Extraordinary items are prohibited under IFRS.  Under IFRS, companies must classify expenses by either nature or function. GAAP does not have that requirement, but the U.S. SEC requires a functional presentation.  IFRS identifies certain minimum items that should be presented on the income statement. GAAP has no minimum information requirements. However, the SEC rules have more rigorous presentation requirements. IFRS Insights

40 RELEVANT FACTS  IFRS does not define key measures like income from operations. SEC regulations define many key measures and provide requirements and limitations on companies reporting non- GAAP/IFRS information.  Both GAAP and IFRS require companies to indicate the amount of net income attributable to non-controlling interest.  GAAP and IFRS follow the same presentation guidelines for discontinued operations, but IFRS defines a discontinued operation more narrowly. Both standard- setters have indicated a willingness to develop a similar definition to be used in the joint project on financial statement presentation. IFRS Insights

41 RELEVANT FACTS  Both GAAP and IFRS have items that are recognized in equity as part of comprehensive income but do not affect net income. GAAP provides three possible formats for presenting this information: single income statement, combined statement of comprehensive income, in the statement of stockholders’ equity. Most companies that follow GAAP present this information in the statement of stockholders’ equity. IFRS allows a separate statement of comprehensive income or a combined statement.  Under IFRS, revaluation of property, plant, and equipment, and intangible assets is permitted and is reported as other comprehensive income. The effect of this difference is that application of IFRS results in more transactions affecting equity but not net income. IFRS Insights

42 E4-17B The following information was taken from the records of Cantu Inc. for the year Income tax applicable to income from continuing operations $261,800; income tax applicable to loss on discontinued operations $35,700; income tax applicable to extraordinary gain $45,220; income tax applicable to extraordinary loss $28,560; and unrealized holding gain on available-for-sale securities $21,000. Extraordinary gain$133,000 Loss on disc ops105,000 Admin expenses336,000 Rent revenue56,000 Extraordinary loss84,000 Shares outstanding during 2014 were 100,000. (a) Prepare a multiple-step income statement for 2014, (b) prepare a retained earnings statement for 2014 and (c) show how comprehensive income is reported using the one statement format. Cash dividends declared$210,000 Ret earnings, 1/1/ ,000 Cost of goods sold1,190,000 Selling expenses420,000 Sales2,660,000

43 E4-17B


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