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Lines Prepared by Doron Shahar. Warm-up: Class Notes Page 25 Today we are starting to learn about lines. In honor of that, here are several one-liners:

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Presentation on theme: "Lines Prepared by Doron Shahar. Warm-up: Class Notes Page 25 Today we are starting to learn about lines. In honor of that, here are several one-liners:"— Presentation transcript:

1 Lines Prepared by Doron Shahar

2 Warm-up: Class Notes Page 25 Today we are starting to learn about lines. In honor of that, here are several one-liners: I wondered why the Frisbee was getting bigger, and then it hit me. I had a dream I was eating a giant marshmallow, and when I woke up my pillow was missing! Right now I'm having amnesia and deja vu at the same time! I think I've forgotten this before? How’s that new line I introduced you to? Ohh, she goes on forever. Prepared by Doron Shahar

3 Find points on a graph (−2,3) (2,1) x coordinate first y coordinate second (x, y) Prepared by Doron Shahar

4 Finding intercepts on a graph (0,2) (4,0) x-intercept y-intercept where line touches y-axis where line touches x-axis Prepared by Doron Shahar

5 Find slope from a graph Rise Run Prepared by Doron Shahar

6 The slope of a line passing through two distinct points (x 1, y 1 ) and (x 2, y 2 ) is given by the formula____________ Exception: The slope is undefined if x 1 =x 2. Slope formula Extra 1: Find the slope of the line passing through the points (−2, −3) and (−4, 5). (x 1, y 1 ) and (x 2, y 2 ) Prepared by Doron Shahar

7 Slope-intercept form The slope-intercept form of the equation of a line with slope m and y-intercept (0, b) is given by the formula _____________ Find the slope-intercept form of the equation of the line with y-intercept (0, −8) and having slope m=2/5. Solution Prepared by Doron Shahar

8 Extra 2: Slope-intercept form Find the slope-intercept form of the equation of the line displayed in the graph below. (0, 3) y-intercept (2, 4) (x 1, y 1 ) (x 2, y 2 ) Solution Prepared by Doron Shahar

9 2.3.4 Sketch a graph y-intercept: Sketch a graph of the line y=2/5x −8. Slope: (0, −8) +( ) y-intercept 2 5 Two points define a line. Prepared by Doron Shahar

10 2.3.4 Identifying intercepts Find the y-intercept and the x-intercept of the line y=2/5x−8. To find the x-intercept, set y=0 and solve for x. Setting y equal to zero Solution To find the y-intercept, set x=0 and solve for y. Setting x equal to zero Solution y-intercept: x-intercept: Prepared by Doron Shahar

11 Point-slope form The point-slope form of the equation of a line passing through the point (x 1, y 1 ) and having slope m is given by the formula ______________________ Extra 3: Find the point-slope form of the equation of the line passing through the point (− 3,2) with slope m= −2. Solution (x 1, y 1 ) Prepared by Doron Shahar

12 Extra 4: Point-Slope form Find the point-slope form of the equation of the line passing through the points (−1, 3) and (1, 4). (x 1, y 1 ) and (x 2, y 2 ) First find the slope. Solution Prepared by Doron Shahar

13 2.3.2: Point-slope form Find the point-slope form of the equation of the line displayed in the graph below. (−4, 5) (−2, −3) First find the slope. (x 1, y 1 ) (x 2, y 2 ) Solution Prepared by Doron Shahar

14 Extra 3: Sketch a graph Point: Sketch a graph of the line y−2= −2(x+3). Slope: (−3, 2) Point 2 1 Two points define a line. Prepared by Doron Shahar

15 2.3.2 Identifying Intercepts Find the y-intercept and the x-intercept of the line y−5= −4(x+4). To find the x-intercept, set y=0 and solve for x. Setting y equal to zero Solution To find the y-intercept, set x=0 and solve for y. Setting x equal to zero Solution y-intercept: x-intercept: Prepared by Doron Shahar

16 Point-slope to Slope-intercept form Write the line y−5=−4(x+4) in slope-intercept form. Starting Equation Distribute right hand side Slope-intercept form Prepared by Doron Shahar

17 Standard form of a line The standard from of the equation of a line is given by the formula __________________, where A and B are not both zero Write x/3 − 4y +1 =0 in standard form such that A, B, C are integers. Subtract 1 from both sides Multiply both sides by 3 Prepared by Doron Shahar

18 2.3.1 Identifying Intercepts Find the y-intercept and the x-intercept of the line x−12y= −3. To find the x-intercept, set y=0 and solve for x. Setting y equal to zero Solution To find the y-intercept, set x=0 and solve for y. Setting x equal to zero Solution y-intercept: x-intercept: Prepared by Doron Shahar

19 2.3.1 Sketch a graph x-intercept: Sketch a graph of the line x−12y= −3. (−3, 0) Two points define a line. y-interceptx-intercept y-intercept: (0, 1/4) Prepared by Doron Shahar

20 Standard form Every line can be written in standard form. This is not true of the other two forms. In particular, verticals lines can only be written in standard form, because their slope is undefined. It is difficult to get the equation of a line directly into standard form given a graph or “usual” information. Instead, you will need to be able to get the equations of lines into and out of this form. Prepared by Doron Shahar

21 Point-slope to Standard form To get the equation of a line from point-slope form into standard form, first convert it into slope-intercept form as we have already learned. Then proceed as on the next slide to convert the equation into standard form. Prepared by Doron Shahar

22 Slope-intercept to Standard form Write the line y=2/5x−8 in standard form such that A, B, and C are integers. Starting Equation Multiply both sides by 5 Distribute the 5 Alternative Standard form Prepared by Doron Shahar

23 Standard to Slope-intercept to form Write the line x−12y = −3 in slope-intercept form. Starting Equation Subtract x from both sides Divide by −12 Slope-intercept form Prepared by Doron Shahar

24 Standard to Slope-intercept form One reason for converting the equation of a line from Standard form to slope-intercept form is to find the slope of the line. It also helps if you are trying to graph the line Find the slope of the x−12y = −3. Slope-intercept form Slope: Prepared by Doron Shahar

25 Turtle Sign language for turtle Prepared by Doron Shahar

26 Horizontal lines Write the equation of the horizontal line passing through the point (−9/2, 15/2). A horizontal line passing through the point (a, b) is given by the equation ________. The slope of a horizontal line is _________. Solution Prepared by Doron Shahar

27 Extra 5: Horizontal lines Find the equation of the horizontal line displayed below. Solution (2, 3) (a, b) Prepared by Doron Shahar

28 2.3.5 Sketch a graph Sketch a graph of the line y=15/2. Slope: (−9/2, 15/2) Prepared by Doron Shahar

29 2.3.5 Identifying intercepts Find the y-intercept and the x-intercept of the line y=15/2. To find the x-intercept, set y=0 and solve for x. Setting y equal to zero To find the y-intercept, set x=0 and solve for y. Setting x equal to zero Solution y-intercept: There is no x-intercept! ¡PROBLEMA! Prepared by Doron Shahar

30 Vertical lines Write the equation of the vertical line with x-intercept (1/3, 0). Solution A vertical line passing through the point (a, b) is given by the equation ________. The slope of a vertical line is _____________. Prepared by Doron Shahar

31 Extra 6: Vertical lines Find the equation of the vertical line displayed below. Solution (2, 3) (a, b) Prepared by Doron Shahar

32 2.3.3 Sketch a graph Sketch a graph of the line x=1/3. Slope: (1/3, 0) Prepared by Doron Shahar

33 2.3.3 Identifying intercepts Find the y-intercept and the x-intercept of the line x=1/3. To find the x-intercept, set y=0 and solve for x. Setting y equal to zero To find the y-intercept, set x=0 and solve for y. Setting x equal to zero Solution x-intercept: There is no y-intercept! ¡PROBLEMA! Prepared by Doron Shahar

34 Horizontal lines vs. Vertical lines Horizontal LinesVerticals lines Equation Slope x-intercept y-intercept Exception: y=0 Exception: y=0 Prepared by Doron Shahar


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