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Grade 8 - Japan. Yamato Period: 300 - 710 “ Great Kings ” era Began promoting the adoption of Chinese culture: a Confucianism a Language (kanji characters)

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Presentation on theme: "Grade 8 - Japan. Yamato Period: 300 - 710 “ Great Kings ” era Began promoting the adoption of Chinese culture: a Confucianism a Language (kanji characters)"— Presentation transcript:

1 Grade 8 - Japan

2 Yamato Period: “ Great Kings ” era Began promoting the adoption of Chinese culture: a Confucianism a Language (kanji characters) a Buddhist sects a Chinese art & architecture a Government structure Began promoting the adoption of Chinese culture: a Confucianism a Language (kanji characters) a Buddhist sects a Chinese art & architecture a Government structure

3 Grade 8 - Japan Prince Shotoku:   Adopted Chinese culture and Confucianism a a Buddhist sects allowed to develop a a Created a new government structure:   17 Article Constitution in 604

4 Grade 8 - Japan Heian Period: Characteristics: a Growth of large landed estates a Arts & literature of China flourished a Elaborate court life [highly refined]  ETIQUETTE a Personal diaries e The Pillow Book by Sei Shonagon [10 th c] a Great novel [11 th c] e The Tale of Genji by Lady Murasaki Shikibu (1000 pgs.+) a Moving away from Chinese models in religion, the arts, and government Characteristics: a Growth of large landed estates a Arts & literature of China flourished a Elaborate court life [highly refined]  ETIQUETTE a Personal diaries e The Pillow Book by Sei Shonagon [10 th c] a Great novel [11 th c] e The Tale of Genji by Lady Murasaki Shikibu (1000 pgs.+) a Moving away from Chinese models in religion, the arts, and government

5 Grade 8 - Japan Heian Period: Cultural Borrowing 1.Chinese writing 2.Chinese artistic styles 3.Buddhism [in the form of ZEN] 4.BUT not the Chinese civil service system! 1.Chinese writing 2.Chinese artistic styles 3.Buddhism [in the form of ZEN] 4.BUT not the Chinese civil service system!

6 Grade 8 - Japan Heian Court Dress

7 Grade 8 - Japan The Pillow Book by Sei Shonagon (diary)

8 Grade 8 - Japan The Pillow Book by Sei Shonagon (diary)

9 Grade 8 - Japan Tale of Genji ( first novel)

10 Grade 8 - Japan Tale of Genji Scroll (first novel)

11 Grade 8 - Japan Feudal Society The emperor reigned, but did not always rule!

12 Grade 8 - Japan FeudalismFeudalism A political, economic, and social system based on loyalty, the holding of land, and military service. Japan Japan A political, economic, and social system based on loyalty, the holding of land, and military service. Japan Japan Land - Shoen Shogun Daimyo Samurai Peasant Land - Shoen Protection Loyalty Food

13 Grade 8 - Japan FeudalismFeudalism A political, economic, and social system based on loyalty, the holding of land, and military service. Europe King Lord Knight Peasant Land - Fief Protection Loyalty Food

14 Grade 8 - Japan Definitions: Emperor – The hereditary ruler of Japan.Emperor – The hereditary ruler of Japan. Daimyo – Feudal lords who were the leaders of regions of Japan.Daimyo – Feudal lords who were the leaders of regions of Japan. Shogun – The political leader of the military government of Japan.Shogun – The political leader of the military government of Japan. Samurai – The warrior class like the knights of medieval Europe.Samurai – The warrior class like the knights of medieval Europe.

15 Grade 8 - Japan Oda Nobunaga ( ) a a Banishes the last Ashikaga shogun a a Unifies a large part of Japan a a Banishes the last Ashikaga shogun a a Unifies a large part of Japan

16 Grade 8 - Japan ROENSROENS ROENSROENS

17 The Age of the Warring States: ( ) a a Castles built on hills in different provinces a a Power shifts from above to below a a Europeans arrive in Japan bringing firearms & Christianity a a Christianity & foreign trade flourish

18 Grade 8 - Japan Catholic Jesuits in Japan Catholic missionaries first arrived in Japan in 1549 to start converting the upper classes, the daimyo and the samurai to Christianity. St. Francis Xavier Catholic missionaries first arrived in Japan in 1549 to start converting the upper classes, the daimyo and the samurai to Christianity.

19 Grade 8 - Japan Toyotomi Hideyoshi ( )   Becomes suspicious of European territorial ambitions   Orders all European missionaries expelled from Japan   Tries to invade Korea, but fails   Reforms the government and social systems

20 Grade 8 - Japan Tokugawa Ieyasu ( ) aAppointed shogun by the Emperor a Appointed shogun by the Emperor  Four-class system laid down with marriage restricted to members of the same class!  Warriors  Farmers  Artisans  Merchants

21 Grade 8 - Japan Tokugawa Shogunate Period   Japan closed off to all trade [except to the Dutch and Chinese]   The Dutch were restricted to a small island in Nagasaki harbor a a Japanese Christians persecuted and Christianity was forbidden a a The government was centralized with all power in the hands of the shogun a a Domestic trade flourished a a Towns, esp. castle towns, increased a a Merchant class became rich! a a New art forms  haiku poetry, kabuki theater


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