2Types of Paragraphs Narrative—story form Descriptive—describes a scene or objectExpository—gives informationPersuasive—shares opinions, convinces others to agree or take action
3Choosing which typeThe type of paragraph you use will depend on your purpose for writing.To entertain others or express yourself, use narrative or descriptiveTo inform readers, use expository or narrativeTo influence others, use persuasion
4Parts of a ParagraphMain idea is the message you are trying to get across.Topic sentence states your main idea in one sentence, usually at the beginning of the paragraph.
5Parts of a Paragraph, cont. Supporting details explain and give evidence to support the topic sentence.Conclusion is a final sentence which restates the main idea.
6So What’s a “TEEC”? Topic Sentence Explanation Evidence (often a story)Conclusion
7More about a TEEC Topic Sentence—main idea Explanation—explains or makes the main idea clearerEvidence—specific details to support the main idea; a personal story works wellConclusion—restate the topic sentence
8Example:I love going to the beach. I love the sound, the smell, and everything in it. You can go scuba diving, get a suntan, or watch the itty-bitty creatures. You can watch beautiful sunsets. One of my favorite things to do at the beach is build sand castles. One time when I was eight years old, my family and I built a giant sand castle about six feet across. My dad
9made a giant wall around it so the water couldn’t come in, while my brother and I put buildings around inside the wall. My mom and sister made the castle look decorative with bits of driftwood and things. The whole thing took about three hours to finish. That was my favorite day of going to the beach. The beach will always be one of my favorite places to go for vacation.
10Another example:Wesley Woods was the most exciting place to visit. The Challenge courses were a way to learn team building. The rapids were wild to kayak on. The wonderful worships at Nickel Lodge were led by Pastor Wright. One night we had a pillow fight in the lodge. It was a blast because they turned out the light,
11boys vs. girls, and color pillows vs. white pillows boys vs. girls, and color pillows vs. white pillows! Near the end we were exhausted from running around and hitting each other. People who visit the camp always want to go back.
12Qualities of a Good Paragraph Unity—make sure everything in the paragraph sticks to your topicCoherence—keep everything in a logical order or sequenceDevelopment—give three strong points of explanation, and use a story as supporting evidenceWord choice—use clear, vivid wordsEditing—use correct capitalization, punctuation, and spelling skills.
13Signal Term The word or words in the topic sentence which need support Wesley Woods was the most exciting place to visit.I love going to the beach.One of my favorite places to visit is my grandfather’s farm.I hate cooked carrots!
14Assignment, part 1: Make a plan for a TEEC paragraph. Your purpose is to convince or persuade someoneChoose a topic that you really love or hate, so that you can support it wellIdentify who your “audience” or reader will be and make sure your information matches that.Save all planning sheets and drafts, even if you rewrite!
15Assignment, part 1: Fill out the planning sheet for a TEEC paragraph Write a topic sentence stating your main idea. (Use the planning sheet.)List three points to explain your topic and support your idea.Think of a personal experience (story) you can tell to illustrate and support it.Write a conclusion.
16Assignment, part 2:Write the first draft of your TEEC paragraph, using your planning sheet.ALWAYS double-space your drafts, whether you use the computer or not.SAVE all copies and all drafts!