The Fetus: Those who curl up in the fetus position are described as tough on the outside but sensitive at heart. They may be shy when they first meet somebody, but soon relax. This is the most common sleeping position, adopted by 41% of the 1,000 people who took part in the survey. More than twice as many women as men tend to adopt this position.
Log (15%): Lying on your side with both arms down by your side. These sleepers are easy going, social people who like being part of the in- crowd, and who are trusting of strangers. However, they may be gullible.
The yearner (13%): People who sleep on their side with both arms out in front are said to have an open nature, but can be suspicious, cynical. They are slow to make up their minds, but once they have taken a decision, they are unlikely ever to change it.
Soldier (8%): Lying on your back with both arms pinned to your sides. People who sleep in this position are generally quiet and reserved. They don't like a fuss, but set themselves and others high standards.
Freefall (7%): Lying on your front with your hands around the pillow, and your head turned to one side. Often gregarious and brash people, but can be nervy and thin-skinned underneath, and don't like criticism, or extreme situations.
Starfish (5%): Lying on your back with both arms up around the pillow. These sleepers make good friends because they are always ready to listen to others, and offer help when needed. They generally don't like to be the center of attention.
What is personality? The set of characteristics that makes each of us unique These characteristics are relatively permanent – they do not vary from day to day Our personality shapes the way we act, think, and feel about events, ideas and other people
Traits Traits are expressed as types of behaviour One way of describing a personality is by naming a person’s traits Examples?
Personality types...Early theories Galen, a Greek doctor, during the 2 nd Century, described 4 personality types based on excesses of bodily fluids (or humors): 1) Blood (Sanguine) = Cheerful & optimistic 2) Black Bile (melancholic) = Depressed & pessimistic 3) Yellow bile (choleric) = Quick tempered & irritable 4) Phlegm (phlegmatic) = Calm & uninvolved
Temperaments – Hippocrates believed that four bodily fluids affect personality traits & behaviours... The temperaments were: 1) sanguine (pleasure-seeking and sociable), 2) choleric (ambitious and leader-like), 3) melancholic (introverted and thoughtful), 4) and phlegmatic (relaxed and quiet). From then through modern times, they, or modifications of them, have been part of many theories of medicine, psychology and literature.
The Big Five Theory Warren Norman Extraversion adventurous assertive frank sociable talkative vs. Introversion quiet reserved shy unsociable 1
Agreeableness vs Antagonistic altruisticargumentative gentle persistent kind disagreeable sympathetic lack of empathy warm 2
Conscientiousness vs. Undirected competentunfocused dutiful irresponsible orderly lacking direction responsible flighty thorough haphazard 3
Emotional Stability (Norman) calm relaxed stable vs. Neuroticism (Costa and McCrae) Angry anxious depressed 4
Cultured vs. Simplistic cultured Crude esthetic Crass imaginative Simple minded intellectual artistically insensitive openclosed to new things 5
Sheldon's Body Types Endomorph: Round Soft Pudgy Short Personality characteristics: Funny, jolly, comical, cheerful, Life of the party, sociable
Modern Approaches include: : Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) : Canadian Personality Dimensions : American TRUE COLOURS system : Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Indicator (MMPI)
Carl Jung – Psychoanalytic school of thought Jung coined the terms Introvert & Extrovert and believed we are all one or the other. Added his four Functional Types: 1) Thinking (uses reason) 2) Feeling (uses emotions) 3) Sensation (uses the 5 senses) 4) Intuition (uses perception) Thinking & Feeling are opposite to each other as are, Sensation & Intuition; he believed our conscious & unconscious mind(s) gravitate to opposing types.