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Chapter 3 Perception: What You See Is What You Get

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Presentation on theme: "Chapter 3 Perception: What You See Is What You Get"— Presentation transcript:

1 Chapter 3 Perception: What You See Is What You Get
PowerPoint Presentation to accompany Looking Out, Looking In, Tenth Edition Chapter 3 Perception: What You See Is What You Get Presentation prepared by Dr. Michael Pearson, Gretchen Gill, and Tim Scanlon of West Chester University Copyright © 2002 Thomson Learning, Inc. Thomson Learning™ is a trademark used herein under license. For permission to use material from this text, contact us by: Phone: Fax: Web: Copyright © 2002 Thomson Learning, Inc. 1

2 Perception: What You See Is What You Get
CHAPTER 3 Perception: What You See Is What You Get 2

3 Perception: What You See Is What You Get
The Perception Process Influences on Perception The Accuracy—and Inaccuracy—of Perception Perception Checking to Prevent Misunderstandings Empathy and Communication 3

4 The Perception Process
Selection Selection - first stage in perception process in which some data are chosen to attend to and others are ignored. Organization Organization - stage in the perception process that involves arranging data in a meaningful way. 4

5 The Perception Process
Organization Perceptual schema - cognitive frameworks that allow us to organize the raw data we have selected according to: Appearance Social roles Interaction style Psychological traits Membership 5

6 The Perception Process
Organization Stereotyping – exaggerated generalizations associated with a categorizing system Punctuation - describes the determination of causes and effects in a series of interactions 6

7 The Perception Process
Interpretation Interpretation - process of attaching meaning to make sense of data Several Factors of Interpretation: Degree of involvement Self-concept Past Experience Relational Satisfaction Assumptions about human behavior Expectations Knowledge 7

8 Influences On Perception
Physiological Influences The Senses Age Health Fatigue Hunger Biological Cycles 8

9 Influences On Perception
Cultural Differences Every culture has its own worldview, its own way of looking at the world. Nonverbal behaviors also differ from one part of the world to another. Even beliefs about the very value of talk differ from one culture to another. 9

10 Influences On Perception
Social Roles Gender Roles Androgynous - combining masculine and feminine traits Occupational Roles Self-Concept Shared Narratives Narrative - perception of the world shared by a collection of people 10

11 The Accuracy—And Inaccuracy— Of Perception
We Often Judge Ourselves More Charitably Than Others Self-serving bias – tendency to judge ourselves in the most generous terms possible We Tend to Favor Negative Impressions of Others Over Positive Ones We tend to more influenced by less desirable characteristics 11

12 The Accuracy—And Inaccuracy— Of Perception
We Are Influenced by What Is Most Obvious We select stimuli from our environment that are noticeable: intense, repetitious, or otherwise attention grabbing. We Cling to First Impressions Labels are a way of making interpretations. We Tend to Assume Others Are Similar to Us Others don’t always think or feel the way we do, and assuming similarities exist can lead to problems. 12

13 Perception Checking To Prevent Misunderstandings
Perception Checking - a tool for helping you understand others accurately instead of assuming that your first interpretation is correct. Elements of Perception Checking A description of the behavior you noticed At least two possible interpretations of behavior A request for clarification about how to interpret the behavior 13

14 Perception Checking To Prevent Misunderstandings
Perception-Checking Considerations Completeness Nonverbal Congruency Cultural Rules 14

15 Empathy And Communication
Empathy Defined Empathy - ability to re-create another person’s perspective; experience the world from the other’s point of view Three Dimensions of Empathy: Perspective taking Emotional dimension Genuine concern Sympathy - compassion for another’s situation 15

16 Empathy And Communication
The “Pillow Method”: A Tool for Building Empathy Pillow Method - method for understanding an issue from several perspectives rather than with an egocentric attitude Position 1: I’m Right, You’re Wrong Position 2: You’re Right, I’m Wrong Position 3: Both Right, Both Wrong Position 4: The Issue Isn’t As Important As It Seems Conclusion: There Is Truth In All Perspectives 16

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