Dr.Sarma@works The Seven Ingredients This physical corpus is composed of the following seven ingredients – namely 1. Marrow 2. Bones 3. Brain 4. Muscle tissue 5. Blood 6. Skin 7. Internal coverings of organs These are externally manifest as follows – for our utility and functionality 1. Legs 2. Thighs 3. Chest 4. Arms 5. Back and the 6. Head and many special organs.. Eyes…
Dr.Sarma@works The Gross Corpus This body with reputation of the great delusion of ‘I’ and ‘Mine’ Is designated by the learned as the Stoola Sareera or the Gross body The Sky, Air, Fire, Water and Earth are the subtle Five Elements (with which this body is made up of) or the Pancha Bhootas – ‘Sareeram Paancha Bhautikam’
Dr.Sarma@works The Sensory Perceptions The five elements mixed in varying proportions compose different parts of our external and internal body parts We are able to enjoy and experience this external world through one or more of the five special senses – vision, hearing, taste, smell and touch. These sensory experiences are caused by the five elements in their subtle form – i.e. vision by light (fire), hearing by the medium of ether, taste by water, smell form earth and touch by air.
Dr.Sarma@works Oblivious of real nature We, foolish men, oblivious of our real identity and nature, we are 1.Fettered or tied tightly to the world of sense objects – which are in real sense the ‘non-sense’ 2.The cord of attachment is astonishingly stout 3.It is very difficult to snap – and so 4.We come, depart and come again and again 5.Carried into misery by the powerful emissary of past actions or poorva janma sukrita and dushkrita
Dr.Sarma@works What to say of the man ? 1.The deer is lured by sound and gets caught 2.The elephant succumbs to its touch sensation 3.The moth embraces fire (vision) and perishes 4.The fish falls prey to the bait (taste) 5.The black bee is done to death by its attraction to the smell from the flowers Lured and deceived by one and only one sense these get lost ! Alas ! What fate is in store for us, the humans who have enough attractions by all five senses
Dr.Sarma@works Cobra is safer ! The sense-objects are even more virulent and poisonous in their evil effects than the deadly poison of a King Cobra The poison can only kill the one who takes it inside But these sensual distractions, you see (we can’t see), demolish even the one who merely sees (or hears etc.,) them.
Dr.Sarma@works The terrible snare The terrible snare of hankering after the sense-objects, is so very difficult to get rid of. But, he alone, who is free from these sense attachments is fit for liberation and none else even if he is scholar of all the six saastras Mere book learning without yearning is futile
Dr.Sarma@works The Crocodile The crocodile of hankering after the senses catches the throat of those who seek liberation but who have got only an apparent dispassion (not true viragya) and are trying to cross the ocean of Samsaara (relative existence) This crocodile violently snatches them away (hijacks them) and drowns them mercilessly half- way in their attempt. Remember the story of Gajendra Moksha
Dr.Sarma@works The Sword of Dispassion He who has annihilated this Crocodile - known as sense-objects with the sword of mature and intense dispassion crosses the ocean of samsaara free from all obstacles Gita IV – 42 : Tasmat ajnaana smabhootam… Gita XV – 03 : Na roopamasyaeha tadopalabhy…
Dr.Sarma@works Know this to be true Misery and death quickly overtakes the stupid who pursue the dreadful path of sensual pleasures Whereas one who walks in accordance with the instructions of well-wishing and worthy Guru, and who applies his own reasoning sure, achieves his much desired fruit – the liberation – Know this to be very true my dear !
Dr.Sarma@works Do you crave for liberation? If indeed you have the craving for liberation 1.Shun sense-objects from a good distance as though you would do a poison 2.Always carefully cultivate the amrita like virtues Contentment – thus happiness Compassion – towards all – especially the needy Forbearance – Forgiveness of all misdeeds of others Strait forwardness – lack of crookedness Calmness – un-agitated in spite of provocation Self-control – of both internal and external organs
Dr.Sarma@works Commits suicide Whosoever, due to sheer ajnaana, does not attempt emancipation from the bondages – by surrendering the doer-enjoyer concept (kartrutwa-bhoktrutwa) Doesn’t seek answers to the vital questions such as –Who am I ? and What is the nature of this gross body ? –What is the relation of me with this body ? Why I live ? –What is the BIG difference between me and others ? And always passionately engrossed in nurturing this body and its sensual pleasures – He, for sure is akin to the one who commits suicide
Dr.Sarma@works ÂëÿÁÏ žÂ§ÁÅŸÃ¦Á Â ªÁ§Ä§Á±Í«Á›Â§Äá ¬Áþ÷ ¦Á œÂéþÁÏ žÃžÁÇ¯ÁœÊ, ÂëÿÁÏ žÂ§ÁÅŸÃ¦Á Â ŸÁÇœÂí þÁžÄÏ œÁ§ÁÅàÏ ¬Á ÁúÁ×œÃ || Sareera poshanaarthee san ya aatmaanam didrikshatae, graaham daarudhiyaa dhritwaa nadeem tartum sa gachchati || VC 86
Dr.Sarma@works Mistaken Crocodile Whoever misunderstands that this life is meant for Enjoyment of all sensual pleasures of body And so nurtures it carefully - He is same as that fool who is trying to cross a river Taking a crocodile as the hold Mistaking it for a life saving plank of wood So he perishes due to his misunderstanding
Dr.Sarma@works The infatuation For a seeker who is yearning for liberation The infatuation over the things like the body – that He is the body etc., and that the body, its possessions such as wealth, kith and kin etc., are permanently his forever - It is dire death He, who has thoroughly conquered this infatuation over the body, only deserves liberation.
Dr.Sarma@works Conquer thy illusion Conquer the dire death of infatuation (intense passion and fondness) over the body, wife, children etc., - This is a time tested methodology Many sages and seekers have reached the Supreme state of lord Vishnu by this. “Vijnaana saaradhirastu, Manah pragrahava Narah so adhwanah – paramaapnoti Thadvishnopadam” (Kat. Upa)
Dr.Sarma@works What to say much ? This Gross Body of ours of which we are so fond of – please ever remember, it is an ugly composition of 1. Skin, 2. Muscle, 3. Blood, 4. Brain and nerves 5. Cartilage and marrow and also 6. Bones. Further, it is very nasty too inside with all the excreta and secreta There is nothing very wonderful to be very crazy about this Gross Body and its skin deep beauty. It is to be deprecated.
Dr.Sarma@works Medium of experience The Gross body is product of - The union of the five gross elements with each other (pancheekritam) - Conditioned by one’s past deeds (the good & the bad - poorva karmanaa) It is the medium of experience for the inner soul The enjoyment and perception of the gross world is called the wakeful (jaagrida avastha) state.
Dr.Sarma@works Enjoys gross objects Identifying itself with name and form of this gross body The individual inner soul though separate from the gross body, enjoys gross objects –Such as garlands, sandal paste etc., by means of the external organs (sensory and motor) Hence, this body is in its fullest play in the wakeful state (jagritha avastha)
Dr.Sarma@works Just like the Grihastha This gross body, please know this like a house to the house holder who conducts all his external activities by being with in the house Man’s entire dealing with the rest of the world entirely rests on this gross body. So, we need to be very watchful about whom to allow and whom not, into the house for safety and security of the house-holder (soul) within
Dr.Sarma@works The characteristics The characteristics of gross body are 1.Changes such as birth, growth decay and death 2.Stoutness etc., many adjectives of quality 3.Childhood etc., different states 4.Varna asrama dharmas etc., many duties and restrictions of social order 5.Subject to many diseases and 6.Receives worship, insult, and honours
Dr.Sarma@works External organs Our external organs are of two types namely – The Sensory organs – (Jnanaedriyas) 1. Ears – the hearing equipment 2. Skin for touch etc., 3. Eyes – the visual equipment 4. Tongue – for taste sense 5. Nose – for sense of smell The Motor organs – (Karmaedriyas) 1. Speech – the vocal equipment 2. Arms and hands – the work equipment 3. Feet and legs – the loco motor equipment 4. Rectum and anus – excretory equipment 5. Urinary pores – for water and waste regulation
Dr.Sarma@works Internal Controllers The antah karanams I The Mind and Intellect complex A. The Mind (manas) – considers the pros and cons B. The Intellect (buddhi) – Discrimination faculty II The Ego and Consciousnes complex A. The Ego (ahamkaara) – Identification as I, Mine B. The Conciousness (chittam) – the controller of the Ego and the perception, memory, recall etc.,
Dr.Sarma@works Internal controllers The fondness about the body and its possessions and the extreme passion towards the body such as ‘I’ and ‘mine’ is called the ahamkaara or the Ego The Consciousness or chittam is the controller of the Ego and is responsible for the quick & selective registration of perceptions as memory, their timely, appropriate recall and the erasure or forgetfulness of unwanted data. Properly developed chittam should keep the ego under absolute check
Dr.Sarma@works The Vital Energy There is only one vital force or energy in the whole body which differentiates the living from non living, the life from death. But due to structural and functional differentiation this Praana (life) is of 5 types. 1.Prana : The respiratory activity 2.Apaana : The gastro-intestinal digestive activity 3.Vyana : The circulation of blood and nutrients 4.Udaana : The Nervous activity – reaction to stimuli 5.Samaana : The internal metabolic equilibrium.
Dr.Sarma@works The subtle body The subtle body (sookshma sareera) is composed of 1.The five motor activities – speech etc., 2.The five sensory perceptions – vision etc., 3.The five vital energies – respiration etc., 4.The five fundamental elements – earth etc., 5.The four internal controllers – Intellect etc., 6.The Ignorance – about the real nature of soul 7.The Desires – which prompt & perpetuate action 8.The Actions – as dictated by all of the above These eight constitute the 8 cities of the subtle body
Dr.Sarma@works The subtle body This subtle body also termed as Linga Sareera is produced out of the elements in their undivided state and is always conditioned by latent impressions or Vasanas and causes the soul within to experience the fruits of past actions (good or bad). The vasanas are the innate super impositions on the soul brought on the soul by our own ignorance Linga = revealer of latent identity
Dr.Sarma@works Dreaming state As opposed to the Jaagritha or wakeful state the dreaming state or Swapna avastha is distinct – viz., 1.The intellect (buddhi) takes on the role of agent 2.Based on the experiences in the wakeful state latent impressions are created on the soul and the buddhi now enacts these impressions. 3.The soul (pratyag aatma) shines in its glory. 4.The vishayas do not come into play in this state
Dr.Sarma@works Not tainted 1. Among the superimpositions of the soul such as the external world, the indriya-vishaya layer – causing the vaasanas, the mind, the ego, the chittam, the intellect – in this state of dream, the buddhi is the only superimposition on the soul. 2. The soul is the witness of every thing, and is not touched or tainted even the least by the work the buddhi does. 3. As the soul is wholly unattached it is not touched by any work performed by the super impositions described above. The five transparency sheets test
Dr.Sarma@works The carpenter Let the Soul or Atman be the carpenter crafting a piece of furniture and you provided the tools. The carpenter uses many a specialized tool such as the saw, wedge etc., The sookshma sareera or subtle body is this group of specialized tools being used by him. The carpenter cannot deliver his best if the tool are blunt, irregular or useless – further such tools create a lot of stress and strain (vaasanas) on him Is the skilled carpenter responsible for the poor quality of the product done with such tools ?
Dr.Sarma@works Not of the Atman Total blindness or impaired vision or perfect vision are condition which we have to attribute to the perceiving instrument – the eye - due merely to it’s fitness or defectiveness. So are deafness and dumbness etc., - of the ear, vocal chords so forth – But never are they defects of the Atman, the Knower.
Dr.Sarma@works The Ego The inner organ of mind – Anthahkarana –Has its seat in the organs –composed of the Indriyaas –the body with all its parts –made functional by Atma These external organs + mind + EGO (inner organs) is together called Pramaata
Dr.Sarma@works I am The EGO identifying itself with the body –Becomes the doer or experiencer ( karta – bhokta) –Gives the impression that I am seeing, I am listening, I am going etc The EGO + the interplay of Gunas gives rise to the three states of functionality –Pramaata + Sattwa Guna in wakeful state is Vishuv –Pramaata + Rajo Guna in dream state is Taijasa –Pramaata + Tamo Guna in sleep state is Praajna
Dr.Sarma@works Atman is ever blissful If the sense objects are favourable –The Pramaata becomes happy If the sense objects are unfavourable –The Pramaata experiences misery Thus happiness and misery are attributes of egoism ( Pramaata) and never are the characteristics of the Atman Atman is ever blissful
Dr.Sarma@works The most beloved But these experiences of pain or sorrow can only be possible with the interplay of the underlying Atman within. The Pramaata cannot have any experience, either pleasure or sorrow, by itself without the underlying influence of the Atma. That very Atman which is ever Blissful, is the most beloved of all, in all and should be by all.
Dr.Sarma@works The Atma Anada It is clearly attested in the Srutis that in the profoundly deep sleep state (sushupti), We all experience the Bliss of the Atman independent of the sense-objects by –1. Direct perception – Pratyaksha pramaanam –2. Tradition – Itihya pramaanam –3. Inference – Anumaana pramaanam
Dr.Sarma@works The Super Power The Paramaesa Sakti or the Super power within is also called the undifferentiated (avyakta) is also called Maaya or Avidya (Nescience). It is without beginning (anaadi) It is made up of the three Gunas. It is superior to the effects of the Gunas (because it is the cause) It is to be inferred by clear intellect only by its effects From it only, springs forth the whole universe.
Dr.Sarma@works The Yes and No The Maaya is neither –Sat – Real or Existing - nor –Asat – Unreal or Non existing –Nor partaking in both of the above –Same nor different nor both –Composed of parts nor an indivisible whole It is most wonderful and It cannot be described or defined in words
Dr.Sarma@works How to unveil the Maaya Just as a lamp helps us to establish the true nature of rope, in darkness, mistaken for snake and dispels all fears about the illusory (maaya) rope Similarly, by careful instruction under an experienced Sage (Guru) and by personal practice of what is taught about the Brahman – this being similar to the lamp above – the maaya and its three Guna interplay will be dispelled – and the real nature of us - thou art that – Brahman will be realized.
Dr.Sarma@works The power of Gunas 1.The Sattwa Guna - Its greatest play is in the wakeful state. It is controlled activity – it begets equanimity and gives prolonged happiness – Its power is called the Samatwa Shakti 2.The Rajo Guna – Its greatest play is in the dreaming state or agitated and anxious state and from its spring the love, attachment, anger, grief, jealousy etc mental emotions – Its power is the Vikshaepa Shakti 3.The Tamo Guna – Its greatest play is in the deep sleep or fatigued state. Its effect is illusory and its veils the true nature of any Vastu (substance) – and triggers the Rajas – Its power is the Aavarana Shakti.
Dr.Sarma@works The Projecting Power Among these three Gunas of Maaya Rajas has the projecting power which is of the nature of intense activity, from which this Primeval flow of activity has emanated. From this the mental modifications such as attachment and hatred and happiness and grief are continually produced.
Dr.Sarma@works The Rajas is bondage Rajas is the cause of bondage and attachment The dire (dangerous) attributes of Rajas are –Kaama – Lust, Krodha – Intense rage –Lobha – Greed or avarice, Dambha - Arrogance –Abhyassoya – Spite – intolerance of others prosperity –Ahamkaara – Egoism – extreme self pride –Eershya – Envy, Matsara – Jealousy From these dire qualities only the worldly tendencies of man are produced.
Dr.Sarma@works Tamas is Veil The Maaya in its Tamo guna manifestation Is the veiling power or aavriti This makes things appear other than what they really are It is this Tamas – that causes man’s repeated birth/death cycle or transmigration (samsaara) It is the one which instigates the vikshaepa or projecting power of Rajas.
Dr.Sarma@works What a negative power ! Alas ! How powerful is the great aavriti sakti of the dreadful Tamas ! Even wise and learned men and men who are cleaver and adept in the vision of the exceedingly subtle Atman,even though clearly explained in various ways (sruti, smruti, yukti, anubhavam)are over powered by the Tamas and fail to understand the Atman. What is simply superimposed by delusion (veil), they consider it as true and attach themselves to its effects.
Dr.Sarma@works Veil power Considering the existence of the real Aatman as unreal is Abhaavana – absence of right judgment Considering the unreal body etc as real is Vipareeta Bhaavana – contrary (perverted) judgement Lack of definite belief about the SAT and always doubt about the REAL – these certainly Never desert one who is under the influence of Veil. Then the projecting power gives ceaseless troubles
Dr.Sarma@works The Facets of Tamas The following are the various faces of this deadly Tamo Guna –Ignorance, lassitude, indolence, –Dullness, sleep, inadvertence, stupidity One tied to these does not comprehend anything But remains like one deep asleep or like a stalk or stone (pillar)
Dr.Sarma@works Pure Sattwa The pure Sattwa guna is clear like water Yet in conjunction with Rajas and Tamas it makes for transmigration (samsaara punaraavritti) The reality of the Atman or Self within is reflected in the Sattwa Guna Just as the Sun by its glory reveals the entire world of matter.
Dr.Sarma@works Mixed Sattwam The traits of person who is Saatwik but has some mixture of Rajas and Tamas are Utter absence of pride Niyama (contentment, belief and purity) Yama (non violence, truthfulness etc.. ) Sraddha (faith), Bhakti (devotion), Mumukshuta Divine qualities (lack of anger, jealousy etc…) Turning away from unreal (mayaa)
Dr.Sarma@works Pure Sattwam The qualities of a person who is a manifestation of pure Sattwa without any admixture of Rajas and Tamas are Cheerfulness, supreme peace, contentment The realization one’s own Self (Atman) Bliss and steady devotion to the Atman By these attributes the aspirant enjoys everlasting Bliss Absolute
Dr.Sarma@works The Undifferentiated This undifferentiated or so called Maaya is Spoken of as the compound of the three gunaas is the casual body of the soul (naama sareera) Profound sleep is its special state in which The functions of the mind and all the organs are suspended in ignorance(suspended animation) This is contrary to the Samaadhi state (perfect knowledge)
Dr.Sarma@works I didn’t know anything Sushupti is to be understood as follows Profound sleep (Sushupti) is cessation of all kinds (including remembrance and delusion) of perception and being in a calm state in which the mind remains subdued in a subtle, seed-like form. The test of this is the universal verdict “I did not know any thing then”
Dr.Sarma@works What is not Atman Anaatma or not part of Atma – from the –The gross body composed of the seven ingredients –The ten indriyas – motor and sensory –The five pranaas – prano, apaana, vyaano, udaana, samaana –Ego, mind, intellect, chittam – the Anthah karanams –The pain, sorrow etc., vishayas – external stimulai –The emotions – raaga, kaama, krodha, mada, maatsarya etc., –The five elements – earth, sky, fire, water and air –The manifested world of name and form To the undifferentiated power or Maaya or Avidya
Dr.Sarma@works This all illusion From the Mahat (Cosmic Intelligence) down to the gross body every thing in this creation is the effect of Maaya. All these including the Maya itself are to be known as ASAT or Midhya (Illusion) non-Self or Anaatman. These are unreal things like the water in the mirage in a desert. Mayaa mayam idam akhilam hitwaa Brahma padaena pravisa viditwaa (Bhaja Govindam)
Dr.Sarma@works Our Real Roopam Thus, after understanding what we are not Now, I am going to elucidate to you about What is the swaroopam (real form) of the Paramatma Only after having a perfect knowledge about this Man will attain freedom from bondages and Will be blessed with emancipation (Kaivalya)
Dr.Sarma@works The Absolute Entity Yes! There is the Absolute Entity, The Eternal substratum of consciousness of Ego The witness of the three states and distinct from the five sheaths or coverings That is that
Dr.Sarma@works That is That Which knows every thing that happens In the wakeful, dreaming and deep sleep states Which is aware of the presence or absence of the mind and its functions; And which is the background of the notion of Egoism That is That
Dr.Sarma@works ¦ÁÏþÁ¡ÁªÁêœÃ ÁªÁÖþÁ ¦ÁÐ ¡ÁªÁêœÃ ¬Áí¦ÁÏ ¬Á§ÁíÏ ¦ÁÏ þÁ ¡ÁªÁêœÃ ÁªÁÖþÁ, ¦ÁªÊÖœÁ¦ÁœÃ £ÅžÂãêžÃ þÁœÁÅ ¦ÁÏúÊœÁ¦ÁþÁàê¦Á¥÷ || yah pasyati swayam sarvam yam na pasyati kaschana, yascha aeta yati buddhyaadi na tu yam chaetayanty ayam || VC 129
Dr.Sarma@works Which Itself sees all but which no one beholds Which illumines the intellect etc., but which they can not illumine That is That
Dr.Sarma@works By which every thing from Egoism down to the body The sense-objects, and pleasures etc., Is known palpably as pitcher (jar) – For it is the essence of Eternal knowledge ! That is That
Dr.Sarma@works Atma is ever the Same This is inner most SELF or Atman The Primeval Being (puraana purusha) His essence is constant realization of infinite Bliss Which is ever the same (sada Eka roopam) Reflecting through different mental modifications Inert organs such as mind, speech and indriyas conduct their functions by the power of the Atman
Dr.Sarma@works Like the Sun it shines Manifesting this universe through its own effulgence In this very Body In the mind filled with Sattwa In the secret chamber of the Intellect In the Akaasa known as the unmanifested Of charming splendour The Atman shines like the SUN aloft.
Dr.Sarma@works The Locus Aatman Akaasa or unmanifest Pure Intellect Gross Body Sattwic Mind
Dr.Sarma@works It is the knower The Atma is the knower of All the modifications of Mind and Egoism And the activities of the body, the organs and praanas It apparently takes their form (in so doing) Just like the fire in a ball of red hot iron It neither acts nor subject to even the least change
Dr.Sarma@works Beyond Change The Atman is beyond the following six changes that normally are the features of this gross and subtle body 1.The birth 2.The existence 3.Growth and development 4.Maturity and morphological changes 5.Decay and 6.Death Like the sky in a jar ever after it is broken
Dr.Sarma@works The Witness The supreme Self or Atman, is different from prakriti and its modifications, It is the essence of pure knowledge and absolute Directly manifests this entire gross and subtle universe in the waking and other states It is the substratum of the persistent sense of ego It manifests itself as the witness of Buddhi, the determinative faculty
Dr.Sarma@works Identify the “I” My dear Sishya ! By means of single pointed and regulated mind and purified and serene intelligence Realize directly thy own self referred to as the “I” With in thy own body and identify yourself with it Be blessed and be firmly established in the Brahman as thy own essence Thus cross the boundless ocean of samsaara whose waves are birth and death
Dr.Sarma@works The Web False identification that this Self or “I” is this body (Non-self) is the fundamental bondage due to ignorance and this causes all miseries such as birth and death. This false identity makes one consider this evanescent body as real and identifying it as the self (wrongly) one nourishes, bathes and preserves it by means of agreeable sense objects & pleasures By this, man becomes bound by his own threads (of misery) just like the caterpillar in its cocoon.
Dr.Sarma@works Dear friend, listen One who is over powered by ignorance mistakes a thing for what it is not ! Mistaking a snake for a rope if one catches hold of the snake (in reality), sure the great sequence of dangers overtakes him Hence, listen my friend, it is the mistaking of transitory things such the body and possessions as real that constitutes bondage. – with it are the dangers that follow –
Dr.Sarma@works The solar eclipse Just as at the time of solar eclipse, the glory of the Sun is covered by the shadow of moon (Rahu over powering the Sun) The veiling power of tamas or Ignorance over powers the inner Sun – our Atman. The Atman is of infinite glory. It manifests Itself through knowledge, it is indivisible, eternal and one without a second -
Dr.Sarma@works The fetters When his own Self, endowed with the purest splendour, is hidden from brilliance, a man under influence of ignorance, falsely identifies himself with the body, which is the Non-self. When ignorance or Tamas thus plays its role Then the great power of Rajas, the Vikshaepa sakti or projecting power, sorely affects him through the binding fetters of lust, anger etc.,
Dr.Sarma@works A miserable fate Thus a man of perverted intelligence due to projected power – having his true knowledge of Self swallowed up by the whale of utter Ignorance Himself imitates and enacts the various miseries of ignorance and drifts up and down in this boundless ocean of Samsaara, which is full of the poison of sense enjoyments – Thus sinking and rising many a time A miserable fate indeed in this whirl pool!
Dr.Sarma@works The clouds The layers of clouds generated by the rays of the Sun, cover the Sun and they alone appear in the sky So also, the egoism generated by the power of the Self, covers the reality of the self and appears by itself as if there were no Atman at all. ( But the clouds vanish subsequently, so does the egoism under disciplined training of mind )
Dr.Sarma@works Numerous grieves Just as on a cloudy day, when the Sun is swallowed up (apparently) by dense clouds, violent cold gale winds trouble the world So also when the veiling power of the deadly Tamas (intense Ignorance) swallows up (apparently) the inner Sun – the Atman, then the dreadful Vikshaepa sakti (projecting power of Rajas), (akin to the gale wind) afflicts the foolish man with numerous grieves. (This is the cause of many births in low bodies)
Dr.Sarma@works The two great powers The two great, of course negative, powers are 1.The Aavarana Sakti or Veiling power of the Tamas 2.The Vikshaepa Sakti or the eccentric projecting power of the Rajas –It is from these two that man’s bondage has proceeded, –beguiled by which he mistakes the body for the Self and wanders from body to body
Dr.Sarma@works The Tree of Samsaara Beejam (seed)Avidya (Ignorance) Ankuram (sprout)Daehatma Buddi (body concept) Pallavam (tender leaves)Raagam (passion and attachment) Ambuh (nurturing water)Kamya karma (actions of desires) Skandhah (the tree trunk)Vapuh (the gross body or daeham) Saakhikah (the branches)Asavah (the vitality / five pranaas) Agraani (extending twigs)Indriyah (the 5+5, ten organs) Pushpaani (the flowers)Vishayaah (the sense objects) Phalam (the various fruits)Dhukham (miseries of all deeds) Khagah (the eating bird)Jeevah (the enjoyer of the fruits)
Dr.Sarma@works The Other Tree 1.Anada is the root 2.Sattwa guna is growing sprout 3.Tatwam is the branch 4.Vedanta is the flower 5.Moksham or Liberation is the fruit 6.The company of God (Hari) enjoyed by the liberated soul which is the bird 7.The burnt out forest will be the samsaara 8.Who will go and enjoy such empty forest
Dr.Sarma@works The Torrent This bondage of non-self springs from ignorance It is self inflicted and self perpetuated It is an endless and beginningless torrent It subjects us to long train of miseries such as –Birth –Death –Disease –Decrepitude (decay and aging)
Dr.Sarma@works Great Sword of Viveka Then, how to get over this Ignorance, Is there no remedy at all ? Yes, there is ! This Avidya or Ignorance can be destroyed neither by any weapons and remote controlled missiles nor by the wind, nor by the fire nor by millions of desire prompted actions nor by any thing, except the wonderful, great sword of wisdom that emanates from true discri- mination sharpened by the grace of the Lord.
Dr.Sarma@works Uproot the tree One who is intensely devoted to the authority of Srutis (scriptures) acquires faith and dedication in his swadharma or ordained duty. This alone conduces one to purity of mind. The man with pure mind realizes the Supreme Self with in. And by this alone Samsaara with its root is destroyed.
Dr.Sarma@works The Sedge The Atman covered by the five sheaths – –The material one (annamaya kosa) and the rest –Which are the products of its own power The Self ceases to be visible Just like the water in a tank by its accumulation of sedge
Dr.Sarma@works Allays the Thirst On removal of the sedge from the tank The perfectly pure water underneath becomes visible to the needy man And it readily allays the pangs of thirst of the thirsty man And gives him instantaneous supreme joy The water is not procured from any where; Only the obstruction is removed.
Dr.Sarma@works Uncover the Self When all the five sheaths have been eliminated The Self of man appears – pure, of the essence of ever lasting and unalloyed Bliss Indwelling, supreme and self effulgent. Anwaya Vyatiraeka Concept Anuvritti Vyavritti Concept
Dr.Sarma@works Sat-Chit-Anandam The wise man should discriminate between Self and Non-self By that alone he comes to know Self as –Real Existence or SAT –Real Knowledge or CHIT –Real Bliss Absolute or ANANADA –And thus becomes fulfilled
Dr.Sarma@works The grain from the chaff He is indeed free who discriminates between –All sense objects on one hand –The indwelling, unattached and inactive Self –Merging every thing in it – on the other hand –Just as one separates the grain from the chaff –And other materials sticking and mixed with the grain He remains in a state of identity with THAT
Dr.Sarma@works End of Part – III Continued in Part - IV