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Abstract Use capacity planning model to design biorefinery o Determine times to build, expand, and number of processes Compare integration versus non-integration.

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Presentation on theme: "Abstract Use capacity planning model to design biorefinery o Determine times to build, expand, and number of processes Compare integration versus non-integration."— Presentation transcript:

1 Abstract Use capacity planning model to design biorefinery o Determine times to build, expand, and number of processes Compare integration versus non-integration of utilities Determine biorefinery location Determine markets to purchase and sell chemicals James Berry**, Jenny Cochran**, Mary Page**, and Miguel Bagajewicz University of Oklahoma, Norman, OK – Chemical Engineering (*) This work was done as part of the capstone Chemical Engineering class at the University of Oklahoma (**) Capstone Undergraduate students Biorefinery o Complex system of processing units producing fuel and chemicals o Operates from biomass feedstock Energy Independence & Security Act of 2007 o 2022 Renewable Fuels Standard  16 bgy of cellulosic ethanol Integrate multiple processes into one biorefinery for increased profitability o Centralize utilities (harness energy) o Lower overhead o Use byproducts from one process as a feed for another Switchgrass -- desirable renewable feedstock o Produces high yields without fertilizer o Net energy is 20 times greater than corn o Current delievered cost is $30-$50/dry ton (varies by region) D. Farmgate Switchgrass Price Background Method: Mathematical Model afdadsfa C. Plant & Market Locations Potential locations for biorefinery and market locations. There are 34 options for biorefineries and 24 markets. D. Farmgate Switchgrass Price Varying prices of switchgrass throughout the United States C. Plant & Market Locations Objective o Maximize net present value by choosing most profitable processes Perform mass balance of input and output around each process o Capacity o Year to build o Year to expand Integrate o Utility consumption and generation o Necessary additional utilities Location o Incorporate raw and selling prices in a given market o Transportation costs Budgeting o Cash returned to investors A. Model Equations This is a screenshot of the written code for the mathematical model. B. Non-integrated versus Integrated Utilities Graphic comparison of the two potential utility structures in a biorefinery. Sell 5 chemicals o 3 Hydroxypropionic Acid o Glucaric Acid o Acetone o 5- Hydroxymethyl Furfural o 3- Hydroxy-butyrolactone Net Present Value: $35 billion over 5 years Processes built in years 1-3 and expanded from years 2-4 Integrate: water, oxygen and heat Utility integration is $200 million more profitable $1.16 million budgeted for utility integrated biorefinery Conclusion The expanded capacity planning model effectively determined profitable processes, location and budgeting, while proving integrating utilities is a more profitable method. References DuyQuang Nguyen 1.Aden, A.; Bozell, J.; Holladay, J.; White, J.; Manheim, A. Top Value Added Chemicals From Biomass. U.S. Department of Energy: Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy. Produced by: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory & National Renewable Energy Laboratory. August Carmer, J.; Waller, C.; Wilkes, D.; and Nizami, S.; Biorefineries. Unpublished. 4 May Graham, R. and Walsh, M. A National Assessment of Promising Areas for Switchgrass, Hybrid Poplar, or Willow Energy Crop Production. Environmental Sciences Division February Lavaja, J.; Adler, A.; Jones, J.; Pham, T.; Smart, K.; Splinter, D.; Steele, M.; Bagajewicz, M.; Financial Risk Management for Investment Planning of New Commodities Considering Plant Location and Budgeting, Ind. Eng. Chem. Res. 2006, 45, Tran, T.; Patel, T.; Iland, T.; Truong, J.; Ibidapo-Obe, B.; Constantino, J.; OU Biorefining Technical Report for Biomass Production. Unpublished. 30 April Acknowledgements P29 P33 P37 P50 P40 P53 Central Utility Process Flow Heat Water O2 H2 CO2 E.Final Process Flow Diagram Most profitable processes selected by the model and utilities integrated F.Makeup Utilities Chart of outside utilities needed to purchase for integrated model G.Building Schedule Years to build and expand H.Final Locations Locations for switchgrass, biorefinery, and selling markets I.Budgeting Economic comparison of integrated versus non-integrated E. Final Process Flow Diagram H. Final Locations Year 1Year 2Year 3Year 4Year 5 Process 29 BuildExpand Process 33 BuildExpand Process 40 Build Process 50 BuildExpand Process 53 Build G. Building Schedule Integrated NPV $36.5 billion Budget $1.16 million Non-integrated NPV $36.3 billion Budget $1.44 million I. Budgeting Summary A. Model Equations Process 1 Process 2 Process 3 Utility 1 Utility 2 Utility 3 Non-integrated Process 1 Process 2 Process 3 Central Utility Integrated B. Utility Comparison Chart of necessary makeup utilities F. Makeup Utilities


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