Presentation on theme: "Brittiany Clark & Abby Anderson 2 nd hour. Acne is the most common skin disorder in the U.S. It is characterized by pimples on the face, chest, and back."— Presentation transcript:
Brittiany Clark & Abby Anderson 2 nd hour
Acne is the most common skin disorder in the U.S. It is characterized by pimples on the face, chest, and back. It occurs when the pores of the skin become clogged with oil, dead skin cells, and bacteria. Acne is common during puberty when a person is turning from a child to an adult, because of high levels of hormones.
Propionibacterium acnes or Acne vulgaris In most cases it is caused by bacteria entering your pores. These bacteria produce molecules which incite an immune response, leading to inflammation and acne symptoms.
Whiteheads Blackheads Crusting of skin bumps Cysts Papules (small red bumps) Pustules Redness around the skin eruptions Scarring of the skin
The likeliness of acne can be determined by genetics. Environmental and diet changes can also contribute to acne outbreaks. Puberty and changes in hormones cause much acne (teens). Different skin types can be more prone to acne than others (oily skin).
If acne is worsening people may need to visit a dermatologist. Various medications and acne washes can be prescribed. Eating healthier and keeping your face clean will lessen acne (no greasy foods, wear less makeup). There are also many at-home remedies for acne.
Scars can develop if the acne is very bad. Patients may need radiation treatment to get rid of bacteria within the pores. The pimples can become so badly infected that it is more difficult to treat. In most cases acne can be prevented, treated, and resolved.
Treatment: Heal pimples Stop new pimples from forming Prevent scarring Help reduce the embarrassment of having acne Types: Whiteheads. These are pimples that stay under the surface of the skin. Blackheads. These pimples rise to the skin’s surface and look black. The black color is not from dirt. Papules. These are small pink bumps that can be tender. Pustules. These pimples are red at the bottom and have pus on top. Nodules. These are large, painful, solid pimples that are deep in the skin. Cysts. These deep, painful, pus-filled pimples can cause scars.