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HI 227 RUSSIA: 1613-1905. Overview Course Description, Requirements Main Themes I. Geographical Factors II. Historical Experience III. Patterns, Processes.

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Presentation on theme: "HI 227 RUSSIA: 1613-1905. Overview Course Description, Requirements Main Themes I. Geographical Factors II. Historical Experience III. Patterns, Processes."— Presentation transcript:

1 HI 227 RUSSIA:

2 Overview Course Description, Requirements Main Themes I. Geographical Factors II. Historical Experience III. Patterns, Processes IV. 17 th Century Muscovy V. Conclusions

3 I. Historical Geography A.Key determinants 1.Size 2.Vegetation and soil 3.Extreme northern location 4.Topography 5.Climate 6.Mineral resources 7.Landlocked B.Consequences 1.Economic 2.Demographic 3.Political

4 MAP OF RUSSIA

5 II. Historical Experience A.Pre-Kievan, to 860 B.Kiev Rus, C.Mongol/appanage, D.Muscovy,

6 Kiev Rus ( )

7 Madonna Icon

8 Boris and Gleb Icon (14 th century)

9 Mongol Conquest

10 Alexander Nevsky

11 Alexander Nevsky Icon

12 Andrei Rublev: Holy Trinity 1390s

13 St. Sergius Blesses Dmitry Donskoi (1380)

14 Russian Growth

15 Ivan the Terrible

16 Ivan Groznyi (1937 Film)

17 Vasilii the Blessed Cathedral

18 Ivan the Terrible Charter (1552)

19 Repin: Ivan IV and Son (1581)

20 III. Patterns, Processes A.“Eurasia” B.Myth of autocracy C.Historical memory D.Particularism E.Social inversion F.Territorial expansion G.De-russification

21 IV. 17 th -Century Muscovy A.Intro: 1. Themes 2. Sources 3. Historiography

22 IV. 17 th -Century Muscovy B. Polity 1. Autocracy as monocracy 2. Rise of bureaucracy 3. Law 4. Army 5. Finances

23 17th Century Monarchs Boris Godunov, Vasilii Shuiskii and others, Mikhail Romanov, Tsar Alexis, Fedor, Sofia as regent for Peter and Ivan V, Peter I,

24 Boris Godunov ( )

25 Mikhail Romanov (r )

26 Patriarch Filaret (Romanov)

27 Tsar Alexis

28 Alexis and Boyar Duma

29 Zemskii Sobor 1645

30 Ulozhenie (Law Code) of 1649

31 Ulozhenie of 1649: Printed Text

32 Fedor

33 Sophia

34 Repin: Sofia at Novodevichii

35 IV. 17 th -Century Muscovy C. Empire-building 1. Siberia: Eastward expansion 2. Southwest: partial gains 3. South & Northwest: stalemate

36

37 Muscovy: 17 th Century

38 IV. 17 th -Century Muscovy D. Economy, Society, Revolt 1. Economic recovery 2. Social orders: nobility townspeople clergy peasantry 3. Social Disorders: Urban Revolt Stenka Razin

39 “Stenka” Razin

40 Razin: Execution (1672)

41 Razin Beer

42 IV. 17 th -Century Muscovy E. Culture 1.Emergence of elite, proto-Westernization 2.Schism

43 Patriarch Nikon

44 Archpriest Avvakum Icon

45 Surikov: Boyarina Morozova

46 Storming Solovetskii Monastery

47 V. Conclusions: Some Dates and Numbers Dates 988Adoption of Eastern Christianity 1240Mongol Conquest 1480Emancipation from Mongols 1547Coronation of Tsar Ivan IV (Terrible) 1598End of Riurik Dynasty Time of Troubles 1613Founding of Romanov Dynasty 1649Ulozhenie (Law Code)

48 Table 1: Population Growth (millions) Country Russia Britain Germany France

49 Table 2: Population Density (per sq. km) Country Russia Britain Germany16124 US France313674

50 Table 3: Urban Population (% of total population) Country Russia Britain Germany

51 Table 4: Territorial Growth YearArea (sq. km.) 13281, , , ,100, ,600, ,800,000

52 Table 5: Population with 1646 Core (percent of total population) Year% in 1646Core% in Annexed `

53 Table 6: Ethnic Makeup of Russian Empire Ethnic Group Russian Ukrainian Belorussian Poles Jews Others


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