Presentation on theme: "Mise-en-Scene “putting into the scene” Setting, Costume, Makeup, Lighting, Staging and Performance (Acting and Movement) HUM 110: Intro to American Film."— Presentation transcript:
Mise-en-Scene “putting into the scene” Setting, Costume, Makeup, Lighting, Staging and Performance (Acting and Movement) HUM 110: Intro to American Film NSCC, JC Clapp Content herein taken from the Film Art textbook (by Bordwell & Thompson, 10 th edition),and from the Film Analysis website at Yale University (http://classes.yale.edu/film-analysis)
Setting Décor: objects contained in and the setting of the scene. Décor is used to amplify character emotion and the dominant mood of a film. Includes furniture, color scheme, props, Settings can be authentic or stylized (or some combination of “real” and constructed”) Aspects of setting often become motifs. Rear Projection: Inserting (projecting) a setting, often when characters are in a vehicle.
Notice the aspects of setting in this dinner scene from American Beauty...
Costumes and Makeup Costumes (the clothes the characters are wearing), and makeup (either real or digital) add character traits.
Lighting: Three-Point Back Light: Picks out the subject from the background Key Light: Bright light that highlights the object from the front Fill Light: Lights opposite from Key to remove most shadows
Lighting: High Key A lighting scheme in which the fill light is raised to almost the same level as the key light. This produces images with low contrast and few shadows on the principal subjects. This often bright image is characteristic of musicals and comedies. Singin’ in the Rain
High-Key Lighting (a type of three-point lighting) here in Citizen Kane results in little contrast with few shadows.
Lighting: Low-Key A lighting scheme that employs very little fill light, creating strong contrasts between the brightest and darkest parts of an image and often creating strong shadows that obscure parts of the principal subjects. This lighting scheme is often associated with film noir.
Staging: Movement and Performance Actors are a “graphic element” and part of the visual make-up of the scene Acting Style (concepts of “realism” change with time) Typage: the use of stereotype in communicating the essential qualities of a character. Clint Eastwood in The Good, The Bad, and The Ugly and in Unforgiven – the cowboy.
Space: Focuses Attention Representation of space includes depth, proximity, size, perspective and proportions of places and objects determine mood and relationships. Composition and Screen Space -- we focus on what’s closest to us and what’s in the middle of the frame Color – warm colors (red-orange-yellow) draw attention, cool colors (blue-purple-green) are less prominent Light – bright light draws our attention and dark areas recede Movement – we pay attention to what’s moving
Space: Planes of the Frame Deep Space: large distance between planes Shallow Space: short distance between planes -- flat Frontality: staging of elements, often human figures, so that they face the camera square-on (an alternative to oblique staging). Off-screen space
Oblique Staging – characters making more of an oval with the audience (The Graduate). Also, an example of deep space. Frontality – characters facing camera head-on in The Graduate. Also, an example of shallow space (flat).
Narrative Functions of Mise-en-Scene Mise-en-Scene helps to tell the story. It focuses attention and communicates narrative details to the viewer. Let’s watch musicals and notice the mise-en-scene!