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“Without technicians, actors would just be people yelling on a blank stage in the dark.”

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Presentation on theme: "“Without technicians, actors would just be people yelling on a blank stage in the dark.”"— Presentation transcript:

1 “Without technicians, actors would just be people yelling on a blank stage in the dark.”

2 The Director and his helpers  Producer  Director  Assistant Director  Stage Manager  Prompt book  Assistant Stage Manager  House Manager  ushers

3 Properties A.K.A. “Props”  Prop Master  Prop table  Costume props (purse)  Hand props (telephone)  Floor props (furniture)  Decorative (painting)  Buy  Build  Pull

4 Set- People and Terms  Set designer vs. carpenters/crew  Technical Director (TD)  Stagehands  Gaft tape  Spiking  Stage blocks

5 Fly system Batons- the pipes they attach lights and set pieces onto Pigs- the name for the weights they use to balance the weight of the lights and set pieces on the batons (like a teeter-totter) This is how they bring in set pieces to change the scene or fly someone like Peter Pan Pulley system- The ropes and pulleys they use to raise and lower the set

6 A picture of the fly rail


8 Scene shop This is where they build all the set pieces and store things until they are ready to be put on stage. There are many tools, and safety is essential!


10 Types of stages: Thrust stage- audience on 3 sides Theatre in the round- Audience on all sides Proscenium stage- Typical stage where audience in just in front of the stage


12 Examples of set designs and ground plans done in CAD




16 Examples of flats

17 Fun set examples:


19 Makeup- steps and terms  Actors usually do their own-(Cats) unless professional or extremely challenging  Clean face  Base  Highlight  Shadow  Specialty  Ben Nye/Mehron  Wigs

20 Types of stage makeup  Basic  Old age  Fantasy  Animal  Period  Gender reversal  Celebrity  Specialty (scars, noses, facial hair, moles, etc.)  Blood and gore

21 Makeup Sketch Wigs

22 Example of highlight and shadow

23 Animal makeup Example

24 Specialty makeup examples

25 Fantasy Period Specialty Blood and Gore


27 Body makeup

28 Old age makeup example

29 Lights  Lighting Designer vs. Light board op.  Lighting designer creates a light plot and gives it to the Master Electrician. The Master Electrician is the person in charge of hanging all the lights to make it look as the Lighting Designer had envisioned, and for recording all the light cues.  Blackout & Blueout  Bite light  Follow spot vs. Spotlight  Work lights  Lighting instruments  Lamp- 750 watts (normal is 75w)  Fragile- sensitive to oil on skin

30 Example of a light plot

31 Details of a light plot

32 Light board and computer program

33 Lighting Instruments Ellipsoidal PAR Can Very specific area is lit, very condensed light. These you can use gobos for. This creates a wash, or a broad area that is lit instead of a specific spot. Cannot use gobos with these because the light is too spread out.

34 Parts of a lighting instrument

35 Lighting colors

36 Intelligent lighting Intelligent lighting is newer, and therefore more expensive, but will probably eventually replace both ellipsoidal and PAR cans. Benefits: Change color without changing gels Add and remove gobos Not stationary, can be moved around One Intelligent light can do the same job as 10 of the older models. Most Intelligent lighting is used these days in concerts, on Broadway, and even some DJs.

37 PAR Can lighting example

38 Elipsoidal example

39 Gobos

40 Gobo example

41 Gobo example (intelligent lighting)

42 Popular gobo example What’s wrong with this picture? Name the 2 reasons this is not a real gobo.

43 Gels

44 Gel example


46 Haze example Haze is used in concerts and in theatre so you can see the beam of light. Otherwise it would just be the light on stage.

47 Fog example Fog stays low to the ground to help create a creepy atmosphere.

48 More fun lighting examples


50 Sound  Sound designer vs. sound board “op.”  Sound designer decides placement of speakers, what songs to play, what sound effects to use, and use of microphones.  Sound board op runs the sound during rehearsals and the show. They not only have to play the music and SFX, but also turn on and off people’s mics, and can even change the way their voice sounds.  Real sounds vs. Sound effects (Crash box- real, cat meowing- effect)  Sound cue

51 Sound cues

52 The Audio signal chain SourceProcessing Amplification Speaker Examples: Anything that makes sound: Radio, I-pod, computer, microphones, etc. Examples: Mixing with a sound board, adjusting volume, audio special effects (Chipmunk voices pitch, reverb). Examples: Making the sound louder: Some speakers have amplifiers in them, usually you need to have an outboard specifically made for amplifying. Examples: Self explanatory!

53 Microphones Lavalier / Lapel Mic Condenser MicDynamic Mic These mics can be hidden on actors. The battery is attached to the actor’s back These mics can be several feet away from the actors and still pick up all the sound. It picks up all sorts of noise besides the one actor’s voice. These are the most popular mics. They can be handheld or on stands, but the actor or singer needs to be directly in front of it to pick up the sound.

54 Sound board

55 Costumes  Costume designer vs. stichers/dressers/builders  Pull (& alter)  Buy  Build  Rent  Swatch  Measurements

56 How to design a costume:  There are certain things you need to know about your character and the play before you can design:  Gender  Age  Status  Location  Season/weather  Time Period  Job  Personality  Other things to keep in mind- color of the set and lights, logistics











67 Animal costume designs and masks


69 And now you know EVERYTHING there is to know about technical theatre! (ok, so maybe not everything…)

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