#2. Which organic compound would each of the following be classified as? Amino acids Ring structure Energy storage, hormones, insulation, steroids Nucleotides Quick energy, structural support for plants
#2. Amino acids - protein Ring structure - carbohydrate Energy storage, hormones, insulation, steroids - lipids Nucleotides – nucleic acids Quick energy, structural support for plants - carbohydrates
#3. What are the two types of nucleic acids? List 3 differences
#4. What are the 3 parts of a nucleotide?
#5. In DNA… A always pairs with ____. G always pairs with _____. In RNA… A always pairs with ______. G always pairs with _____.
#5. In DNA… A always pairs with _T___. G always pairs with __C___. In RNA… A always pairs with __U____. G always pairs with ___C__.
#6. Which nitrogen bases are purines? Which nitrogen bases are pyrimidines?
#6 Which nitrogen bases are purines? – Adenine and Guanine Which nitrogen bases are pyrimidines? – Thymine and Cytosine
#7. Name of organelle? Recycling center Powerhouse Midwives Protein factories Gravel highway
#7. Recycling center - lysosome Powerhouse – mitochondria Midwives - centrioles Protein factories - ribosomes Gravel highway – rough ER
#8. Name of Organelle? Interstate Taxi cab Post office Blueprints Solar panel
#8. Interstate – smooth ER Taxi cab - Vesicle Post office – Golgi bodies Blueprints - nucleus Solar panel - chloroplast
#9. Process where molecules move from area of high to low concentration? Low to high?
#9 Process where molecules move from area of high to low concentration? Passive Transport Low to high? Active Transport
#10. Diffusion of water across a membrane?
#11. Which way will the water move? Gargling warm salt water Spray vegetables with water Salt on a slug Too much fertilizer on a plant
#11 Gargling warm salt water – out of cells Spray vegetables with water – into cells Salt on a slug – out of cells Too much fertilizer on a plant – out of cells
#12. Which way will water move? Injecting pure water into your veins Raisin submerged in water Fresh water enema
#12 Injecting pure water into your veins – into cells Raisin submerged in water – into raisin Fresh water enema – into cells
#13. Passive or active transport? Sodium potassium pump Diffusion Osmosis Facilitated diffusion Endocytosis
#13. Sodium potassium pump - Active Diffusion - Passive Osmosis - Passive Facilitated diffusion - Passive Endocytosis - Active
#14. Cells spend most of their lives in this part of the cell cycle ______________.
#14. Cells spend most of their lives in this part of the cell cycle _Interphase__.
#17. Mitosis or Meiosis Forms gametes Forms daughter cells that are identical to parent cell Forms diploid cells Skin cells Divides twice
#17 Forms gametes - meiosis Forms daughter cells that are identical to parent cell - mitosis Forms diploid cells - mitosis Skin cells - mitosis Divides twice - meiosis
#18. Mitosis or Meiosis? Forms haploid cells Forms somatic/body cells Divides once Crossing over occurs Forms daughter cells that are different from parent cell
#18 Forms haploid cells - meiosis Forms somatic/body cells - mitosis Divides once - mitosis Crossing over occurs - meiosis Forms daughter cells that are different from parent cell - meiosis
#19. Identify the correct scientific term: Alternative forms of a gene Masks the recessive allele Both alleles are the same Physical makeup
#19 Alternative forms of a gene - Alleles Masks the recessive allele - Dominant Both alleles are the same - homozygous Physical makeup - phenotype
#20. Identify the correct scientific term. Diagram that calculates probabilities Two alleles are different Both alleles are expressed Heterozygotes show intermediate phenotype Genetic makeup
#20 Diagram that calculates probabilities – punnett square Two alleles are different - heterozygous Both alleles are expressed - codominant Heterozygotes show intermediate phenotype – incomplete dominance Genetic makeup - genotype
#21. Organisms that are prokaryotes, have a cell membrane, cell wall, and circular DNA are:
#21 Organisms that are prokaryotes, have a cell membrane, cell wall, and circular DNA are: BACTERIA!!!
#22. What would each of the following bacteria look like under the microscope? Streptococcus Staphylobacillus diplospirillum