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Homework 2 Strategies for Reading Comprehension Teaching by Principles, Brown, 1994.
Atividade 1. Com base apenas no título do texto da página anterior, qual é o assunto abordado? 2. O que você já leu sobre o assunto? Cite algumas das informações que você tem. 3. O texto apresenta algumas das informações que você listou na questão anterior? 4. Em qual item há a menção da estratégia sobre o conhecimento prévio – o conhecimento que você já possui e que se encontra armazenado em sua memória? 5. Retire do texto acima: a. Dez exemplos de palavras cognatas a vocábulos da língua portuguesa. b. Dois exemplos de palavras cujos significados você conseguiu inferir pelo contexto. c. Dois exemplos de palavras heterossemânticas.
SKIMMING Esta estratégia de leitura consiste em observarmos o texto rapidamente apenas para detectar o assunto geral, sem nos preocuparmos com os detalhes.
Swine flu threatens schools' return after holidays By Alison Kershaw and Jane Kirby, Press Association, The Independent, Friday, 17 July 2009 Some schools could remain closed in September if swine flu escalates over the summer, according to official guidance. The Department for Children, Schools and Families (DCSF) said while it is expected schools and nurseries would open as usual at the start of the academic year, they "cannot be certain what the situation will be" in the autumn. About 1,000 schools have already recorded cases of swine flu, the DCSF message to schools said, though most have remained open. At the start of the outbreak, affected schools closed in an attempt to contain the virus, but the UK has now moved away from containment.
Swine flu threatens schools' return after holidays "We expect that schools and childcare settings will reopen as usual, but at this time, we cannot be certain what the situation will be then; we will need to monitor developments over the summer, and take decisions based on the best advice available shortly before the start of term." In areas severely affected by swine flu, schools should remain closed until children have been vaccinated, Mrs Morrissey suggested. Health Protection Agency guidance says that school closures and the distribution of Tamiflu to prevent the virus is no longer recommended because swine flu is widespread within communities. It says: "People are likely to be repeatedly exposed to the virus in their everyday lives. Closing a school will no longer be effective in slowing the spread of the virus as people could still be exposed outside the school. "In some special circumstances - for example, a school with children who are particularly vulnerable to infection - then school closures might still be recommended."
Don't panic, schools. ABC News August 8, 2009 The government is urging school officials to stay calm when swine flu strikes this fall, closing buildings only in drastic cases and allowing sick students to return as soon as 24 hours after their fever is gone. States and schools should also be planning now for the possibility of schoolwide vaccinations beginning in mid-October. Federal officials know more now about swine flu than they did last spring, when alarm and confusion led hundreds of schools to temporarily shut down. New guidance issued Friday reflects what the officials have learned. "There are measures we can take to protect the students, to protect the staff and allow learning to continue," Frieden said during a news conference at the Department of Health and Human Services. Some steps for prevention remain the same as always, officials said: People should wash their hands, cough into their sleeves and stay home if they get sick.
Don't panic, schools. ABC News But the officials added a new precaution, saying schools need to keep sick kids away from classmates, setting aside a room where students who show up sick can wait to be sent home. There are three situations generally that would justify school closure, officials said: -When swine flu emerges in a school where most or all of the children have special needs, such as a school for pregnant teenagers or for medically frail children. -When large numbers of kids or staff come down with swine flu. -When parents send sick, feverish kids to school despite federal and local guidance to keep them home.
Edgar Morin French philosopher and sociologist who was born in Paris on July 8, 1921 Morin's epistemological work can be seen as "revolutionary" because of his attempt to reconsider the relation-triangle: ideology-politics-science through what he calls "complexity. The "complex" being here not the opposite of simple but a "method" which "respects the mystery" of the universe, knowing that "the simple is just, always, something simplified" by someone. This titanic effort can be discovered in his six volume masterwork La Méthode. From Wikipedia
Edgar Morin Classical science rejected complexity in virtue of three fundamental explanatory principles: The principle of universal determinism, illustrated by Laplaces Daemon, capable, thanks to his intelligence and extremely developed senses, of not only knowing all past events, but also of predicting all events in the future. The principle of reduction, which consists in knowing any composite from only the knowledge of its basic constituting elements. The principle of disjunction, which consists in isolating and separating cognitive difficulties from one another, leading to the separation between disciplines, which have become hermetic from each other. RESTRICTED COMPLEXITY, GENERAL COMPLEXITY Presented at the Colloquium Intelligence de la complexite : Epistemologie et pragmatique, Cerisy-La-Salle, France, June 26th, 2005.