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The University Community Next Generation Innovation Project Gig.U Blair Levin Executive Director, Gig.U Presentation to FTTH Council December 5, 2011 The.

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Presentation on theme: "The University Community Next Generation Innovation Project Gig.U Blair Levin Executive Director, Gig.U Presentation to FTTH Council December 5, 2011 The."— Presentation transcript:

1 The University Community Next Generation Innovation Project Gig.U Blair Levin Executive Director, Gig.U Presentation to FTTH Council December 5, 2011 The University Community Next Generation Innovation Project Gig.U and FTTH: Changing the Equation

2 Riddle of the Day America Wants to be the Best In Technology. Broadband is the Most Important General Purpose Technology. Fiber is the Best Transmission Technology for Broadband. Why Don’t We Have Fiber Everywhere?

3 Answer C + O > (r)R + EB

4 Answer C + O > (r)R + EB C – Capital Expenditures O– Operating Expenditures r – Risk R- Incremental Revenues (New Revenues Minus Current Revenues) EB- Ecosystem Benefits (Benefits that drive increased revenues outside the communities where the new or incremental investments are made.)

5 Solution: Change the Math C + O < (r)R + EB

6 Changing the Equation to Upgrade Our Networks Background on Gig.U The RFI and the Art of the Possible Concrete steps

7 How do we have a constantly improving, world leading ecosystem? National Broadband Plan Background for Gig.U

8 Why It Matters: Rebooting the Economy Requires Innovation, for which Broadband Platform is Key Analyze information Act on it Revise course of action Gather information The biggest leaps in growth are driven by meta-ideas… Improving the exchange of information improves the conditions for innovation.

9 Where does innovation occur? Data Collecting and providing trillions of data points previously unavailable Computing Analyzing data previously unmanageable Communications Transfer data and analysis anywhere, anytime, to anyone. In the last 2 decades, three revolutions have transformed knowledge exchange:

10 Broadband is our common collaborative platform NetworksDevicesApplicationsUsers Improvements in each element of the ecosystem drive improvements in others in a virtuous cycle. Broadband Ecosystem

11 The Diffusion Lag and the Problem of Yesterday’s Logic Time after introduction Organizations adopting Sunk costs: costs of reengineering factories, industries. Sunk thinking: imagined costs of reimagining prevailing logic. Diffusion of Innovations

12 Accelerated pace of development means less time to react – so the slow lose out Incremental Value Add Winner Loser Electricity Telephone Internet Mobile telephone Invention Ubiquity high value add medium value add low value add INNOVATION Act now Potential for competitive advantage Act later Television Time But Time to Act is Now!

13 The United States is not advancing as fast as others “Home Internet May Get Even Faster in South Korea” By Mark McDonald, February 21, 2011 Other countries are investing in Gigabit connectivity... “Cheap, Ultrafast Broadband? Hong Kong Has It” By Randall Stross, March 5, 2011 South Korea already claims the world’s fastest Internet connections — the fastest globally by far — but that is hardly good enough for the government here. By the end of 2012, South Korea intends to connect every home in the country to the Internet at one gigabit per second. That would be a tenfold increase from the already blazing national standard and more than 200 times as fast as the average household setup in the United States. Hong Kong residents can enjoy astoundingly fast broadband at an astoundingly low price. It became available last year, when a scrappy company called Hong Kong Broadband Network introduced a new option for its fiber-to-the- home service: a speed of 1,000 megabits a second--known as a “gig”-- for less than $26 a month. In the United States, we don’t have anything close to that. But we could. And we should.... but Gigabit connectivity is not advancing in the United States

14 Need for critical mass of next generation test beds National Broadband Plan Demonstrated community ability and desire to organize to improve next generation business case Google Fiber Initiative Need for seamless experience between campus and community Place where innovation happens History of Universities and Internet Lead to … Background for Gig.U

15 University-communities: a strategic market opportunity Advantages of University-communities Demand for Bandwidth = Greatest Cost of Deployment = Least Positive Impact of Network Access = Greatest

16 University-communities: Birthplace of Network Based Innovations Access to Key Inputs Search: Google (Stanford), Lycos (CMU) Social Networking: Facebook (Harvard), Newsgroups/USENET (UNC, Duke) WWW: Gopher (UMinn), Web Browser: Mosaic, Netscape (UofIll) Audio and Video: CUSeeMe (Cornell), SIP (Columbia U, Braille Music ( UofAriz) Workstations (Sun Micro from Berkeley, Stanford) Routers (CISCO from Stanford) Large scale integrated circuits (CalTech) Photoshop / ImagePro (Umich) Security/IDS (Arbor Networks from UM)

17 1800’s Access to abundant flowing water Access to raw materials 1900’s Access to abundant electricity Access to abundant transportation 2000’s Access to abundant bandwidth Access to abundant human intellectual capital In 21 st Century economy, we can lower barriers to innovation by increasing bandwidth. Economic clusters require access to abundant strategic inputs for success

18 The University-Community Next Generation Innovation Project Over the spring and summer of 2011, 37 leading research universities, working in partnership with their local communities, formed Gig.U Our Mission Our Purpose Accelerate the deployment of world- leading, next generation networks in the United States Provide an opportunity to lead in the next generation of ultra-high speed network services and applications

19 Gig.U Member Institutions For new test-beds to foster experimentation and innovation, it makes sense to work with communities that have strong traditions of experimentation and innovation Georgia Tech

20 Background on Gig.U The RFI and the Art of the Possible Concrete steps Changing the Math for Upgrading Our Country

21 The RFI—Efforts to Date Released 9/16 Community/Vendor Mtg 9/26 Written Q’s and A’s 10/20 Responses 12/2

22 The RFI---Responses Responses from a wide variety of parties Service providersEquipment vendorsNetwork providersCommunity groupsNew TechReal Estate Interests Content/Application Providers

23 The RFI---Early Lessons Multiple Technology Paths IncumbentNew Entrant Demand Aggregation RetailInstitutional Non- Monopoly Framework FlexibilityExperimentation

24 The RFI—Path Ahead Review RFI Materials Dec/Jan Presentation to Members 1Q12 Community Consultations Community Action Includes: Local Governments Universities Utilities MDU Owners Anchor Institutions R&E Networks Includes: Local Governments Universities Utilities MDU Owners Anchor Institutions R&E Networks

25 Background on Gig.U The RFI and the Art of the Possible Concrete steps Changing the Math for Upgrading Our Country

26 Concrete Steps for Changing the Math Time Costs of Access Build to Demand Reduce Cap Ex

27 Concrete Steps for Changing the Math Access Payments Regulatory Costs Reduce Op Ex

28 Concrete Steps for Changing the Math Build to Demand Spread Cost through Multiple Players Building Test Beds Reduce Risk

29 Key: Increase understanding of need to bring bandwidth to where it fuels the most innovation. Demand for Bandwidth = Greatest Cost of Deployment = Least Positive Impact of Network Access = Greatest Clusters that depend on the ability to capture and send data and collaborate with non-local sources require greater bandwidth than others.

30 Concrete Steps for Changing the Math Institutional Demand Aggregation Marketing Platform New Services Increase Revenues

31 Public Sector can drive demand through rethinking process

32 Concrete Steps for Changing the Math New High-Bandwidth Applications, which Drive Demand through Distributed Innovation* Aspirational Benefits Seeding long-term customer benefits Increase Ecosystem Benefits *”Innovation from above tends to be orderly and dumb. Innovation from below tends to be chaotic and smart.” Carlson’s Law, as reported in That Used to be Us by Friedman and Mandelbaum *”Innovation from above tends to be orderly and dumb. Innovation from below tends to be chaotic and smart.” Carlson’s Law, as reported in That Used to be Us by Friedman and Mandelbaum

33 Key to Changing the Math—Asymmetry Large out of pocket dollar benefits for provider Very small out of pocket costs to community institutions

34 Core of Asymmetry—Better Use of Existing Assets Challenge High infant mortality Unmaintained assets Lack of ultra-high speed network Existing Chick incubatorsAuto parts Fiber, rights of way, process innovations Outcome 50% fewer deaths Fully maintained incubators Google Fiber, Seattle

35 Conclusion: Let’s Make It So C + O < (r)R + EB

36 Or as noted around the world…… 所美国大学筹备各自建立 1Gbps 网络社区 “GigU” Headline from Chinese Newspaper day after Gig.U launch


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