Presentation on theme: "Quiz — The Sweet Hereafter. 1)Mitchell, the attorney, gets stuck in a very unusual place at the beginning of the film. What is this place? 1)The image."— Presentation transcript:
1)Mitchell, the attorney, gets stuck in a very unusual place at the beginning of the film. What is this place? 1)The image that opens the film is of a sleeping couple and their daughter. Name 1 of the 3 characters in this shot. 3) Why does Nicole lie during her questioning at the end of the movie? 4) How many people survived the bus crash? 5) What musical instrument does Nicole play?
Components of Narrative 1) Character(s) 2) Story 3) Plot 4) Narration
Story Definition: The subject matter or raw material of the narrative. -Comprised of actions and events
Plot The ordering of story events Plot and Story are NOT synonymous. Story is Sequential Larger than the plot Plot is a selection of events from the story. Example: JFK
Narration Definition: The perspective that “controls” the presentation of characters and events. The dominant attitude of the film. Note: Narration and Voiceover are NOT the same thing:
1 st Person Narration A character within the film motivates the presentation of events. Frequent indicator: voiceover narration. Example: Taxi Driver Voiceover signals first-person without have to shoot in first-person POV.
Reflexive Narration Movies that call attention to the narrative point-of- view Example: Annie Hall; Pulp Fiction
Unreliable Narration Narration is erroneous, lying, etc. We trust that narration is accurate unless we are given reason to believe otherwise. Examples: Fight Club, The Usual Suspects
Character Types Distinguishing features that we immediately recognize. The “badass” (Rebel Without a Cause) The “loveable loser” (Seth Rogen) The Jock (any teen movie) Films may play with our expectations of character types.
Archetypes An abstract, intentionally flat (not realistic) character. Designed to represent a specific ideal. Example: The Cowboy
Stereotypes When a character is reduced to a social, physical, or cultural category. Example: The “mammy” character
Character Development Definition: the degree to which a character changes mental, physical or social state over the course of a film. Progressive Character Development: improvement or advancement. Regressive Character Development: loss or return to previous state
Chronology Linear order – from beginning to end in forward movement. Variations: Retrospective Plot: Flashback as framing device; plot then proceeds in order. Non-linear order: jumps between multiple time frames.
Classical Hollywood Narrative — The Formula 1-2 goal-oriented protagonists Narrative presents obstacles to goal achievement Cause-effect logic Deadline Structure Two lines of action: a) Goal; b) Romantic Clear character psychology Definitive ending
Classical Structure 1) Stasis – everything is normal 2) Disruption/Crisis 3) Escalating Conflict 4) Climax 5) Denoument (“falling action”) Return to stasis; what happened after How have the characters developed?
Test Case Goal-oriented Protagonists Deadline Obstacles Goal + Romance Plot Summary Consistent Psychology