Presentation on theme: "Warm- up: The Civil War Number you paper 1-6 and answer all questions."— Presentation transcript:
1Warm- up: The Civil War Number you paper 1-6 and answer all questions. Define sectionalism – (look in journal if you have trouble)Name the two sides that fought during the Civil War.Who was the general for the North?Who was the general for the South?Who was the President during the Civil War?Who won the Civil War?
2Warm- up: The Civil War Number you paper 1-6 and answer all questions. Define sectionalism – loyalty to a regionName the two sides that fought during the Civil War. North (Union) & South (Confederacy)Who was the general for the North? U.S. GrantWho was the general for the South? Robert E. LeeWho was the President during the Civil War? President LincolnWho won the Civil War? The North (Union)
3North South Civil War Basics - Quiz 1. Define Sectionalism: 2. President during Civil War: 3. Create the chart below. Fill in the blanks.NorthSouthAlso called: (write answer)Also called: (write answer)General: (write answer)Winner or loser: (choose one)Winner or loser: (choose one)Anthem/Song:Anthem/song:
6I CAN EXPLAIN THE CAUSES OF THE CIVIL WAR SECTIONALISMSTATES RIGHTSSLAVERY
7Warm-up: Copy slide Sectionalism 1 of 3 Causes of the Civil WarLoyalty to local interests (region)Northern – manufacturing & commerce (Capital was invested in transportation & manufacturing)Southern – cash crop agriculture (Capital was invested in slaves & overseas markets)Western – cheap land for expansion & good transportation to keep in touch with eastern businesses
8Transportation: ___________ :: Slaves : South Discussion Question #1Transportation: ___________ :: Slaves : South
9Discussion Question #2Which set of graphics correctly lists the political and military leaders of the Civil War?A.UnionPresident: Abraham LincolnMajor General: Ulysses S. GrantConfederatePresident: John C. CalhounMajor General: Zachary CalhounB.UnionPresident: Abraham LincolnMajor General: Ulysses S. GrantConfederatePresident: Jefferson DavisMajor General: Robert E. Lee
10Economic Differences Prior to the Civil War Discussion Question #3Economic Differences Prior to the Civil WarNorthern StatesTextile ManufacturingLarge Urban Labor ForceSupport High TariffsSouthern StatesCotton PlantationRural Labor ForceOppose High TariffsWhich inference is best supported by the table?F. The South's population primarily lived in large cities.G. The South had a higher standard of living than the North.H. The North depended upon foreign imports to feed its population.J. The North was more industrial while the South was mostly agricultural.
11Which three of the following are characteristics of sectionalism? Discussion Question #4Which three of the following are characteristics of sectionalism?A. attitudes toward private ownership of landB. feelings about slavery as an economic institutionC. degree of industry in different areas of the countryD. different uses of land in different areas of the country
12States’ Rights Strict interpretation of the Constitution 1 of 3 Causes of the Civil WarStrict interpretation of the ConstitutionLimited Federal PowerExplore the Ten Amendments on pg. 221.Which amendment did the South use to support their cause?
13States’ Rights Strict interpretation of the Constitution 1 of 3 Causes of the Civil WarStrict interpretation of the ConstitutionLimited Federal PowerTenth Amendment – Southerners believed the 10th amendment prohibited the government from interfering with slavery where it already existed and from interfering with a slaveholders right to take slaves into a new territory.
14Warm-up: Answer the following questions in your journal Warm-up: Answer the following questions in your journal. Complete sentences.Which amendment did the south use to support their right to continue the practice of slavery?Why did the south think that this amendment allowed them to continue the practice of slavery?
15Slavery 1 of 3 Causes of the Civil War Slavery began in Virginia during Colonial Era (1619)Slavery was maintained by equal balance of slave & free statesRegional differences caused the balance of power to shift in the governmentEx. South – Agrarian plantation economy, slow growth in population ………… (Remember 3/5 Compromise – count 3 of 5 slaves for population)North – Industrialization, Large urban area, infrastructure growth, high …… birth rates, & large influx of European immigrants ……………….(Balance of power shifts - more Northern, anti-slavery states)
16Warm-up: Write the question and an answer in your journal. Explain the Missouri Compromise in your own words.Include the problem.Include the congressional solution.Include the key person.
17Missouri Compromise Problem: Unbalance in congress Solution: Missouri as a slave state. Maine as a free state. Kept the balance in congress.Key person: Henry Clay
18Political Issues regarding SLAVERY Missouri CompromiseCompromise of 1850Kansas-Nebraska ActKey People InvolvedJohn C. Calhoun – S. Carolina Senator * favored states’ rights *led opposition in SC to protective Tariff of 1828Henry Clay – Kentucky Senator * “Great Compromiser” *sponsored Missouri Compromise in 1820Daniel Webster- Massachusetts Senator * “The Great Orator” *created compromises with South to delay war
19Congressional Conflicts & Compromises Prior to the Civil War Provisions & Effects Missouri Compromise- Henry Clay sponsor -1820*allowed Missouri to enter Union as a slave state*allowed Maine to enter Union as a free state*maintained balance of power in the Senate*all new states north of 36°30’ would be free
20Congressional Conflicts & Compromises Prior to the Civil War Provisions & Effects 2. Nullification Crisis - John C. Calhoun *SC Senator*1828 Tariff of Abominations passed – high tariff*1832 Lower Tariff passed – SC still angry*Calhoun declared tariff null & void w/in SC borders*SC threatens to secede*Clay proposed Compromise TariffOf to prevent war –govt. lowers tariff
21Congressional Conflicts & Compromises Prior to the Civil War Provisions & Effects 3. Compromise of 1850 – Henry Clay Sponsor *California enters Union as a free state *Remainder of Southwest – open to slavery by popular sovereignty (vote of the people living there) *Slave trade in Washington, D.C. Ended, but allowed those owing slaves to keep them *Fugitive Slave Law – required the return of runaway slavesNorth HappySouth Happy
22Congressional Conflicts & Compromises Prior to the Civil War Provisions & Effects 4. Kansas-Nebraska Act (1854) - *allowed Kansas & Nebraska to decide slavery by popular sovereignty (people living there would vote)*overturned the Missouri Compromise of 1820*Purpose was to open many thousands of new farms & make feasible a transcontinental railroad
24Warm-up: What year did the Civil War begin? What year did the Civil war end?You will be required to answer this on a piece of paper before you leave class, for a grade. Make sure that you do this warm-up.
25Civil War Time-line of Events (write this list in your journal) Fort SumterBattle of AntietamBattle of GettysburgSiege at VicksburgEmancipation ProclamationAssassination of LincolnGeneral Lee’s surrender at Appomattox court house
26Timeline Rubric You must include the following in your timeline. Title of event (Ex. Fort Sumter)Date of event (Ex. April 1861)Description of event in your own words (Ex. Fort Sumter was the first battle of the Civil War. It was a federal fort that was fired on by the rebels to start the Civil War.)
27Testable Items Sectionalism Begin date and end date of Civil War TariffsFree blacks vs. Slaves (ESP)Missouri CompromiseCompromise of 1850Basic Civil War FactsEconomic Differences between North & SouthNullification CrisisKansas – Nebraska ActHenry Clay