Presentation on theme: "Warm- up: The Civil War Number you paper 1-6 and answer all questions. 1.Define sectionalism – (look in journal if you have trouble) 2.Name the two sides."— Presentation transcript:
Warm- up: The Civil War Number you paper 1-6 and answer all questions. 1.Define sectionalism – (look in journal if you have trouble) 2.Name the two sides that fought during the Civil War. 3.Who was the general for the North? 4.Who was the general for the South? 5.Who was the President during the Civil War? 6.Who won the Civil War?
Warm- up: The Civil War Number you paper 1-6 and answer all questions. 1.Define sectionalism – loyalty to a region 2.Name the two sides that fought during the Civil War. North (Union) & South (Confederacy) 3.Who was the general for the North? U.S. Grant 4.Who was the general for the South? Robert E. Lee 5.Who was the President during the Civil War? President Lincoln 6.Who won the Civil War? The North (Union)
Civil War Basics - Quiz 1. Define Sectionalism: 2. President during Civil War: 3. Create the chart below. Fill in the blanks. NorthSouth Also called: (write answer) General: (write answer) Winner or loser: (choose one) Anthem/Song:Anthem/song:
I CAN EXPLAIN THE CAUSES OF THE CIVIL WAR
Warm-up: Copy slide Sectionalism Loyalty to local interests (region) Northern – manufacturing & commerce (Capital was invested in transportation & manufacturing) Southern – cash crop agriculture (Capital was invested in slaves & overseas markets) Western – cheap land for expansion & good transportation to keep in touch with eastern businesses 1 of 3 Causes of the Civil War
Transportation: ___________ :: Slaves : South Discussion Question #1
Which set of graphics correctly lists the political and military leaders of the Civil War? Discussion Question #2 Union President: Abraham Lincoln Major General: Ulysses S. Grant Confederate President: John C. Calhoun Major General: Zachary Calhoun A. Union President: Abraham Lincoln Major General: Ulysses S. Grant Confederate President: Jefferson Davis Major General: Robert E. Lee B.
Economic Differences Prior to the Civil War Which inference is best supported by the table? F. The South's population primarily lived in large cities. G. The South had a higher standard of living than the North. H. The North depended upon foreign imports to feed its population. J. The North was more industrial while the South was mostly agricultural. Northern States Textile Manufacturing Large Urban Labor Force Support High Tariffs Southern States Cotton Plantation Rural Labor Force Oppose High Tariffs Discussion Question #3
Discussion Question #4 Which three of the following are characteristics of sectionalism? A. attitudes toward private ownership of land B. feelings about slavery as an economic institution C. degree of industry in different areas of the country D. different uses of land in different areas of the country
States’ Rights Strict interpretation of the Constitution Limited Federal Power Explore the Ten Amendments on pg Which amendment did the South use to support their cause? 1 of 3 Causes of the Civil War
States’ Rights Strict interpretation of the Constitution Limited Federal Power Tenth Amendment – Southerners believed the 10 th amendment prohibited the government from interfering with slavery where it already existed and from interfering with a slaveholders right to take slaves into a new territory. 1 of 3 Causes of the Civil War
Warm-up: Answer the following questions in your journal. Complete sentences. 1.Which amendment did the south use to support their right to continue the practice of slavery? 2.Why did the south think that this amendment allowed them to continue the practice of slavery?
Slavery Slavery began in Virginia during Colonial Era (1619) Slavery was maintained by equal balance of slave & free states Regional differences caused the balance of power to shift in the government Ex. South – Agrarian plantation economy, slow growth in population ………….. (Remember 3/5 Compromise – count 3 of 5 slaves for population) North – Industrialization, Large urban area, infrastructure growth, high …….. birth rates, & large influx of European immigrants ……………….(Balance of power shifts - more Northern, anti-slavery states) 1 of 3 Causes of the Civil War
Warm-up: Write the question and an answer in your journal. Explain the Missouri Compromise in your own words. Include the problem. Include the congressional solution. Include the key person.
Missouri Compromise Problem: Unbalance in congress Solution: Missouri as a slave state. Maine as a free state. Kept the balance in congress. Key person: Henry Clay
Political Issues regarding SLAVERY Missouri Compromise Compromise of 1850 Kansas-Nebraska Act Key People Involved John C. Calhoun – S. Carolina Senator * favored states’ rights *led opposition in SC to protective Tariff of 1828 Henry Clay – Kentucky Senator * “Great Compromiser” *sponsored Missouri Compromise in 1820 Daniel Webster- Massachusetts Senator * “The Great Orator” *created compromises with South to delay war
Congressional Conflicts & Compromises Prior to the Civil War Provisions & Effects 1.Missouri Compromise- Henry Clay sponsor *allowed Missouri to enter Union as a slave state *allowed Maine to enter Union as a free state *maintained balance of power in the Senate *all new states north of 36°30’ would be free
Congressional Conflicts & Compromises Prior to the Civil War Provisions & Effects 2. Nullification Crisis - John C. Calhoun *SC Senator *1828 Tariff of Abominations passed – high tariff *1832 Lower Tariff passed – SC still angry *Calhoun declared tariff null & void w/in SC borders *SC threatens to secede *Clay proposed Compromise Tariff Of 1833 to prevent war – govt. lowers tariff
Congressional Conflicts & Compromises Prior to the Civil War Provisions & Effects 3. Compromise of 1850 – Henry Clay Sponsor *California enters Union as a free state *Remainder of Southwest – open to slavery by popular sovereignty (vote of the people living there) *Slave trade in Washington, D.C. Ended, but allowed those owing slaves to keep them *Fugitive Slave Law – required the return of runaway slaves North HappySouth Happy
Congressional Conflicts & Compromises Prior to the Civil War Provisions & Effects 4. Kansas-Nebraska Act (1854) - *allowed Kansas & Nebraska to decide slavery by popular sovereignty (people living there would vote) *overturned the Missouri Compromise of 1820 *Purpose was to open many thousands of new farms & make feasible a transcontinental railroad
Warm-Up Describe the Kansas-Nebraska Act.
Warm-up: What year did the Civil War begin? What year did the Civil war end? You will be required to answer this on a piece of paper before you leave class, for a grade. Make sure that you do this warm-up.
Civil War Time-line of Events (write this list in your journal) Fort Sumter Battle of Antietam Battle of Gettysburg Siege at Vicksburg Emancipation Proclamation Assassination of Lincoln General Lee’s surrender at Appomattox court house
Timeline Rubric You must include the following in your timeline. Title of event (Ex. Fort Sumter) Date of event (Ex. April 1861) Description of event in your own words (Ex. Fort Sumter was the first battle of the Civil War. It was a federal fort that was fired on by the rebels to start the Civil War.)
Testable Items Sectionalism Begin date and end date of Civil War Tariffs Free blacks vs. Slaves (ESP) Missouri Compromise Compromise of 1850 Basic Civil War Facts Economic Differences between North & South Nullification Crisis Kansas – Nebraska Act Henry Clay