Presentation on theme: "Unit 3 Aims: - dominate the use of definite and indefinite articles the/a/an/ and no article - help you with your homework. Grammar files: 18 and 19."— Presentation transcript:
Unit 3 Aims: - dominate the use of definite and indefinite articles the/a/an/ and no article - help you with your homework. Grammar files: 18 and 19
Introduction: English has two articles: the and a/an. The is used to refer to specific or particular nouns (a/an is used with non- specific or non-particular nouns); We call the the definite article and a/an the indefinite article. the = definite article a/an = indefinite article For example, if I say, "Let's read the book," I mean a specific book. Here's another way to explain it: The is used to refer to a specific or particular member of a group. For example, "I just saw the most popular movie of the year." There are many movies, but only one particular movie is the most popular. Therefore, we use the.
"A/an" is used to refer to a non-specific or non-particular member of the group. For example, "I would like to see a movie." Here, we're not talking about a specific movie. We're talking about any movie. (=qualsevol) There are many movies, and I want to see any movie. I don't have a specific one in mind. Let's look at each kind of article a little more closely.
Indefinite Articles: a and an Page 209 Student’s book “a" and "an" signal that the noun modified is indefinite, referring to any member of a group. My daughter wants a dog for Christmas." This refers to any dog. We don't know which dog because we haven't found the dog yet. For example:
The definite Article: THE Page 209 Student’s book The signals that the noun is definite, that it refers to a particular member of a group. "The dog that bit me ran away." Here, we're talking about a specific dog, the dog that bit me. For example:
The definite Article: THE There are some specific rules for using the with geographical nouns. Do not use the before: - names of most countries/territories: Italy, Mexico, Bolivia; Exceptions: the Netherlands, the UK, the Philippines, the USA … - names of cities, towns, or states: Seoul, Canillo, Miami - names of streets: Washington Blvd., Jerez St., Main St. - names of lakes and bays: Lake Titicaca, Lake Erie except with a group of lakes like the Great Lakes - names of mountains: Mount Everest, Mount Fuji except with ranges of mountains like the Andes or the Rockies or unusual names like the Matterhorn - names of continents (Asia, Europe) - names of islands (Easter Island, Menorca) except with island chains like the Aleutians, the Hebrides, or the Canary Islands
use the before: -names of rivers, oceans and seas: the Nile, the Segre, the Pacific ocean -points on the globe: the Equator, the North Pole -geographical areas: the Middle East, the West - deserts, forests, gulfs, and peninsulas: the Sahara, the Persian Gulf, the Black Forest, the Iberian Peninsula The definite Article: THE
The use of - Inflation is rising. - Students are worried about exams. (Note! students generally, so no article) - I love chocolate. - Information is important to any organisation. - Coffee is bad for you. We usually use no article to talk about things in general :- We do not use an article when talking about sports Skiing is difficult
Activities: On WORKBOOK: page 25 Activity 2 the or ?? Activity 3 the imperial an metric systems
1.Why don’t ___________ British people use _________ euro like almost everyone else in ________ Europe? the 2. Basically, it’s because ______British are very attached to certain aspects of _________ British life. 3. However, _______ life of many people in _______ Britain would be easier if ________ metric system were really used. 4. _______ choice will no doubt be made, not by ______ British public, but by ______ British government. 5. Wouldn’t it be great if ________ European countries used ________ same systems to measure ______ distances and ________ weights? the
Activity: On WORKBOOK: page 25 Activity 3 the imperial an metric systems
1.Their cottage was in a beautiful valley about 12 miles from the sea. 2. For the past few years he has lived in a tiny room measuring just 9 feet by six. 3. The double-decker came to a halt no more than 6 inches from the shop window. La casa de camp es trobava en una bonica vall a una vintena de kilòmetres del mar. Fa uns anys que viu en una habitació minúscula de només tres metres per dos. L’autobús de dos pisos s’aturà a poc més de 15 centímetres de l’aparador de la botiga.
4. The thieves stole everything except the 2 pounds of butter and the pint of milk in the fridge. 5. Twelve stones seems rather heavy for someone only 5 feet tall. Els lladres ho van robar tot excepte el quilogram de mantega i el mig litre de llet de la nevera. Un pes de 65 quilos sembla bastant un pes excessiu per a algú que no fa més de metre cinquanta.
Student’s book: Pages 208, 209 Activities “Entraînement” Grammar files: 18 and 19 Practise for the exam …