Presentation on theme: "FOOD SAFETY & STANDARDS AUTHORITY OF INDIA"— Presentation transcript:
1 FOOD SAFETY & STANDARDS AUTHORITY OF INDIA Dr.G.SRINIVASAN,DEPUTY DIRECTOR&DESIGNATED OFFICER,(CENTRAL LICENSING)FSSAI,REGIONAL OFFICE,CHENNAI
2 Indian AgricultureAbout 75% people are living in rural areas and are still dependent on Agriculture. About 43% of India’s geographical area is used for agricultural activityAgriculture continues to play a major role in Indian Economy
3 India will be world power in Food & Agriculture by 2020 India At A GlanceIndia will be world power in Food & Agriculture by 2020John E. PetersM Dr. A.P.J Abdul KalamHon’ble Ex. PresidentINDIA a Vision for the new Millenium ( Chapter 4 Food, Agriculture & Processing )
4 Food Safety, Safe Food? Food Safety Food Security Food Safety Concept that food will not cause harm to the consumer when it is prepared and/or consumed according to its intended use.Safe FoodA product which is free of microbiological, chemical or physical hazards ORA product that does not cause illness or injury when consumed as intended
5 Why Food Safety? Some of the reasons for concern about food safety? Changes in food habitsFood handling practicesChanging products, processes etc.Globalization of trade in food
6 What is the role of government in Food safety ? Consumers should be protected from Food borne illnessEnsure/Assure the suitability of Food products to consumers.Create confidence in international trade of food productsEducate/Train industry and consumers in principles of Food safety
10 Globally, the WHO has estimated that approximately 1 Globally, the WHO has estimated that approximately 1.5 billion episodes of diarrhea and more than 3 million deaths occurred in children under 5 years of age, and a significant proportion of these results from consumption of food mainly food of animal origin with microbial pathogens and toxins
11 Emerging & Reemerging Zoonotic Diseases 60 % of the human pathogens are zoonotic75 % of emerging zoonotic
12 FOOD SAFETY ISSUESSevere accidents related to heavy metals (lead, methyl mercury, copper) are knownMycotoxin contamination/afflotoxins/Bio terrorism/Bio logical warfareDeterioration of food to improper storage (transportation)Microbial contamination (unintended) (Vibrio cholerae, salmonellosis Listeria monocytogenes).
13 Industrial emissions and effluents REQUIRMENT OF REGULATIONS IN FOOD SUPPLY CHAINIndustrial emissions and effluentsLandfillsVehicle emissionAgriculturalpracticesLivestockCropsSeafoodProcessingCookingStorageRetailDistribution
14 Fruits & vegetable processing Food processing sectorFood ProcessingFruits & vegetable processing.DairyMeat & Poultry.Marine.Grain processingOils and FatsBeer and AlcoholConsumer productsBiscuitsSnacksbeveragesPRESENT VALUE 4 LACS CRORE
15 FSSA, 2006Food Safety and Standards Bill piloted by MOFPI, passed by parliament in Monsoon session and approved by President in September, 2006PH:PIM
16 Why FSS Act?Multiplicity of food laws, standard setting and enforcement agencies for different sectors of foodVaried Quality/Safety standards restricting innovation in food productsThin spread of manpower, poor laboratories infrastructure and other resources non-conducive to effective fixation of standardsStandards rigid and non-responsive to scientific advancements and modernizationPoor Information dissemination to consumer level
17 FOOD SAFETY & STANDARDS ACT, 2006 Mandate:To consolidate the Laws relating to foodTo establish the Food Safety and Standards Authority of India forLaying down science based standards for articles of foodTo regulate their manufacture, storage, distribution, sale and import of foodTo ensure availability of safe and wholesome food for human consumption
18 FSS Act: Integrates Food Safety and Standards Act, 2006 Prevention of Food Adulteration Act, 1954Fruit Products Order, 1955Meat Food Products Order, 1973Vegetable Oil Products (Control) Order, 1947Edible Oils Packaging (Regulation) Order, 1998Solvent Extracted Oil, Deoilded Meal, and Edible Flour (Control) Order, 1967Milk and Milk Products Order, 1992Any other order under Essential Commodities Act, 1955 relating to food
21 Prescribes graded penalties for offenses/violations 4/13/2017Salient featuresDefines the concept of “substandard” and “unsafe food”;emphasizes on the need on risk assessment; not trade restrictiveProvisions relating to functional and novel foodPrescribes graded penalties for offenses/violationsImprovement noticesPH:PIM
23 General ImpactAll Big manufacturing facilities will need to be licensed by Central Licensing Authority FSSAISmall players /warehouses/distributors will need to obtain a valid license from State Licensing AuthorityAll the licensed establishments will be subject to periodical inspections and food safety audits by respective licensing authoritiesFSMS Plan and Food Recall process
24 Reduction in court cases by adjudication process General ImpactReduction in court cases by adjudication processImport regulations.New section of food categorization : Section 22Functional food and NutraceuticalsMore scope for product innovationNew documents of label claims & Claim substantiations.New formats will come under foodCapsules/syrup/tablets
25 1. Requirement : Employ at least one technical person to supervise the production process. 2. The equipments are made of stainless steel /galvanised iron/ non corrosive materials.3 No edible oil is sold/distributed/offered for sale/dispatched or delivered for purpose of sale unless it is packed, marked and labeled in the manner specified in the regulations
26 Schedule 4 requirements mandatory Requirement : The food products are bought/sold by the manufacturer/distributor only from or to licensed/registered vendors and records are maintainedSchedule 4 requirements mandatoryAuditing agencies are declared.Water analysis reportFood safety Management plan or certificateHeavy metal analysis once in six months.
27 Justice Dispensation System under the Act 4/13/2017Justice Dispensation System under the ActFor Misbranding and sub standard foodFor unsafe FoodADJUDICATINGCOURTSFineFine with Punishment
28 Major Functionaries in the State 4/13/2017Major Functionaries in the StateFood Safety CommissionerFood Safety Appellate TribunalSpecial Courts (whenever required)Referral LabAccredited LabDesignated OfficerAdjudicating OfficerFood AnalystFood Safety Officer
29 six months of imprisonment/5lakhs 4/13/2017Fine and PenaltiesPenalty for substandard foodRs 5 lacsPenalty for misbranded foodRs 3 lacsPenalty on misleading advertisementRs 10 lacsFood containing extraneous matterRs 1 lacPenalty for failure to comply with food safety officerRs 2 lacsPenalty for unhygienic processing of foodRs 1 lacsPunishment for unsafe food/Not having valid licensesix months of imprisonment/5lakhs
31 Salient Features Unified Licensing procedures - Single Window Common application forms and procedures.Distinction between ‘registration’ and ‘licensing’. Cut off limits for registration and licensing.Two tier system of licensing – Central & State
32 Salient FeaturesIntroduction of exhaustive Safety, Sanitary and Hygienic conditions mandatory for registration/licensing.Less inspections, more audit of system60 days time limit for processing of license.Thrust on Preventive Actions
33 New Terms Petty food manufacturer manufactures or sells any article of food himself or a petty retailer, hawker, itinerant vendor or temporary stall holder; orsuch other food businesses including small scale or cottage or such other industries relating to food business or tiny food businesses with an annual turnover not exceeding Rs 12 lakhs and/or whoseproduction capacity of food (other than milk and milk products and meat and meat products) does not exceed 100 kg/ltr per day orproduction or procurement or collection of milk is up to 500 litres of milk per day orslaughtering capacity is 2 large animals or 10 small animals or 50 poultry birds per day or less
34 New Terms“Food business” means any undertaking, whether for profit or not and whether public or private, carrying out any of the activities related to any stage of manufacture, processing, packaging, storage, transportation, distribution of food, import and includes food services, catering services, sale of food or food ingredients;“Food business operator” in relation to food business means a person by whom the business is carried on or owned and is responsible for ensuring the compliance of this Act, rules and regulations made there under;
35 Licensing and Registration of Food Business Central Licensing AuthorityState Licensing AuthorityRegistering AuthorityDesignated Officerappointed by the ChiefExecutive Officer of theFood Authority of Indiain his capacity of FoodSafety CommissionerDesignated Officers appointed under Section 36(1) of the Act by the Food Safety Commissioner of a State or UT for the purpose of licensing and monitoring.Food Safety Officer or any official in Panchayats, Municipal Corporation or any other local body in an area, notified as such by the State Food Safety Commissioner for the purpose of registration
36 LicenseNo person (other than petty food businesses) shall commence any food business without obtaining a valid license.( regulation 2.1)Existing Operator holding valid license/registration can convert a license up to Feb-14 license fee for the remaining period of the validity of the earlier license.
37 LicenseLicense for businesses mentioned under Schedule 1, shall be granted by the Central Licensing Authority and all others by State licensing AuthorityImporters of food items shall obtain a license from the Central Licensing Authority in addition to license taken for any other food business.
38 Schedule 1Dairy units : >50 thousand liters of liquid milk/day or 2500 MT of milk solid per annum.Vegetable oil processing units and refineries: installed capacity >2 MT per day.Slaughter houses : >50 large animals, 150 or more small animals, or more poultry birds per day.Meat processing: >more than 500 kg of meat/day or 150 MT per annum.All other food processing: > 2 MT/day except grains, cereals and pulses milling units.vi.100 % Export Oriented UnitsviiAll Importers importing food itemsviii.All FBOS manufacturing any article of food containing ingredients or substances or using technologies or processes or combination thereof whose safety has not been established through this regulations or which do not have history of safe use or food containing ingredients which are being introduced first time in to the country.ix.Retail chains operating in three or more states.x.Food catering services in establishments and units under Central government Agencies like Railways, Airlines and airport, Seaport, Defense etc.
39 FBO may start the business after 60 days Procedure of LicensingFiling of an ApplicationApplicationForm BDocuments + FeesUnique Application NumberFBO may start the business after 60 daysSuspensionImprovement NoticeCancelationRequire additional information on incomplete ApplicationIf no responseInspection of premises after receiving completed application & issue inspection reportNo improvementNo inspectionNo improvementEither grant or reject the license Within 60 days of receipt of completed application or within 30 days of inspectionIf inspection reportnot processedFresh applicationAfter 90 days
40 Registration/ License Fee Per Annum In Rupees Sr. No.ParticularsAmount1.Fees for RegistrationRs 1002.Fees for License issued by Central Licensing AuthorityRs 75003.Fees for License issued by State Licensing Authority:Manufacturer/ MillerAbove 1 MT per day ProductionBelow 1 MT of ProductionRs 5000Rs 30004.Any other Food Business OperatorRs. 2000The payment shall be made by the Food business operator through Bank draft or online transfers or treasury chalan or any other suitable means as specified by the Licensing Authority
42 Schedule 4 Requirements 1. Location and Surrounding2. Layout and Design of Food Establishment Premises3. Equipment4. Facilities5. Food Operations and Control6. Management and Supervision7. Food testing Facilities8. Audit, documentation and Records9. Sanitation and Maintenance of Establishment Premises10. Personal Hygiene11. Product Information and Consumer Awareness12. Training
43 Action initiated to meet challenges …. Implementation of the Act as per new enforcement structure at Centre & States.Thrust on Capacity Building & Training of all StakeholdersNetworking of all the food testing laboratoriesEmergency Response and rapid alert centre at each State.IT based system for all licensing and registration offices and introduction of GPS based sampling collection system.
44 THANK YOU “We must be the change we want to see in the world” M.K. GandhiTHANK YOU