Presentation on theme: "Henrik Ibsen’s Biography"— Presentation transcript:
1Henrik Ibsen’s Biography Emma AlcantarKameron CaseyLaura CoveyMorgan GuilbeauAlec HeikkalaMichael Seo
2Activity: 2 Truths & A Lie Two Truths and a LieActivity:2 Truths&A Lie
3Which one is the lie? Ibsen had two other brothers, Joseph and George. Ibsen’s father was a well-off merchant and his mother was the daughter of the richest merchant in Skien.At the age of 8, Ibsen’s father went bankrupt and became an alcoholic.
4Which one is the lie?At the age of 15, Ibsen left school and became the apprentice of a Pharmacist.In 1850, at the age of 22, Ibsen entered the University of Christiania.In 1851, Ibsen got a job at the National Theater of Bergen.
5Which one is the lie?Ibsen is referred to as the father of modern Theatre.Ibsen is referred to as the second Shakespeare of the 18th century.Ibsen is referred to as the father of realism.
6Which one is the lie?One of Ibsen’s greatest influences was Shakespeare.Several of Ibsen’s plays involve influences from his childhood.Ibsen collaborated with Shakespeare in the course of writing some of his plays.
7Which one is the lie?Ibsen married Suzannah Thorese in 1858 in Christiania.Ibsen only had one son, Sigurd, who would become an author and successful politician.Throughout his life, Ibsen never had any financial hardships due to his successful plays.
8Which one is the lie?In 1865, Ibsen wrote the play, Brand, which caused an uprising in Scandinavia.The first play Ibsen wrote was Catilina.Ibsen was offered a job in the early 1950’s to be writer and manager for the Norwegian Theater in Bergen.
9Which one is the lie?Ibsen wrote his first major playwright Peer Gynt while living in Italy.Ibsen wrote both Hedda Gabler and A Doll’s House, consecutively, while living in Germany.Henrik wrote another major playwright, Ghosts, which stirred up controversy.
10Which one is the lie?Ibsen was self-exiled from his home country, Norway, but returned in 1891 as a literary hero.Ibsen’s Hedda Gabler and A Doll’s House feature some of theater’s most notorious characters.Ibsen’s Nora in A Doll’s House is called the female Hamlet, Shakespeare's famous tragic figure.
11Which one is the lie?Ibsen’s first playwright, Catilina, was a tragedy.Ibsen’s playwright, Ghosts, includes the controversial topics of venereal disease and incest.The Master Builder was the last play Ibsen wrote before he died.
12Which one is the lie?Henirk Ibsen died in Christiania, Norway inIbsen wrote his last play, When We Dead Awaken, in 1899.Ibsen died from a series of strokes.
14Overview Born in Skien, Norway on March 20, 1828. Exiled to Italy where he wrote Brand (tragedy)Moved to Germany in 1868 where he wrote A Doll’s House in 1879.Returned to Norway a literary hero in 1891.Died in Oslo, Norway on May 23, 1906
15Early LifeAs a child he showed very little sign of the theatrical genius he would become.Parents were Knud and Marichen Ibsen.Father was a successful merchant and mother was a painter and played the piano.He was the oldest of 5 children.Expressed interest in becoming an artist.
16The Danish poet Oehlenschlager Influential PeopleThe Danish poet Oehlenschlagerfollowing his apothecary apprenticeship, Ibsen published his first drama, then produced a second, both while highly influenced by this maninspired Ibsen to get involved in the literary arts, which was his true passion
17Influential People His father, Knud Ibsen In 1836 Knud Ibsen became insolvent, and his family moved to a small cottage on the outskirts of townDue to his father’s actions, the family withdrew to great povertyDecided to pursue his passions in order to escape the dreariness of his father’s actions
18Influential Events In 1843 he was forced to leave school. In 1850 he moved to Christiania (modern day Oslo) intending to enroll in college, and published his first drama, a tragedy entitled Catiline.In 1858 he became the creative director of the Christiania theater.In 1865 his first commercially successful play Brand was published.In 1879 A Doll’s House is published.
19EducationFrom an early age, Henrik shared an interest in being an artist like his motherAfter financial difficulties, Henrik spent most of his young life reading, painting, and performing magic tricksBy age 15, Henrik quit school in order to pursue work and an apprenticeship to follow his interests of art
20ApprenticeshipServed as an apprentice in an apothecary for six years after dropping out of schoolWrote poetry and painted on free timeWrote his first play Catilina at the end of his apprenticeship modelled after the writings of one of his great influences, William Shakespeare
21Cultural EventsIbsen did not agree with many social norms and the oppressive society that he lived in.Women had few rights and were mainly controlled by their husbands.People were expected to obey the norm and stay in line.Ibsen wanted to break away from that.He tried to uncover the negative sides of society and exploit it and he demanded truth and fairness.
22Influence on Ibsen and writing The characters in his works and the challenges they face reflect his views.Many times characters are caught in a moral struggle or a struggle against society.He depicts female characters as struggling to gain acceptance and a place in society.Many of his characters are searching to find “themselves” or to find freedom from some form of oppression.
23Economic eventsThe economy of Norway was stabilizing after the independence of the country in 1814The young life of Henrik consisted of an economic boom to occur within Norway, where economic growth was seen for decadesThe end of Henrik’s life was plagued by economic stagnation due to the industrialization of Europe and Norway
24Influence on Ibsen and writing The stagnant economy caused by the independence of Norway was partially a cause to the poverty Henrik and his family faced at a young ageMany of Henrik’s writing (such as in A Doll’s House) deals with poverty and struggle with money, the same struggle he had during his young life
25Political Events Foundation for modern industry laid in 1840s. Economic developments led to class conflict.February Revolution of 1848 called for democratic reform.The majority featured radicals and farmers, frustrated with the actions of the monarchy.Eventually, parliamentarianism was introduced.
26Influence on Ibsen and his Writing The conversation between Nora and Mrs. Linde describe some of the class conflict evident during this time.“How very kind of you, Nora to be so concerned over me - doubly kind, considering you really know so little of life’s burdens yourself” (2192).Nora has lived a comfortable life, while Mrs. Linde has fallen subject to many injustices that Nora will not be able to understand.
27Career as a writer Held a mostly meager career as a writer. Failed his matriculation exam, and still not qualified by the time he had served apprenticeship under Oehlenschlager.First few works (Catiline, The Warrior’s Barrow) received harsh criticism, but Brand (1865) is regarded as the beginning of his critical acclaim.
28Career as a writer Most famous works…. Hedda Gabler (1891) Ghosts (1881)An Enemy of the People (1882)The League of Youth (1869)The Wild Duck (1884)Peer Gynt (1876)Brand (1865)
29Career as a writer Was one of the few original male feminists. Has been called the “father of modern drama”Career falls into several distinct periodsFirst two decades (from 1850) = verse drama= prosePost = realistic dramas (wrote 8)
30Close ReadPassage: PageRead it! Enjoy it! Actually do it!
31Close Read Look out for: word meaning structure sound and rhythm syntaxtextual contextironytone and narrative voiceimageryrhetorical devicesthemesgenderhistory
32Close Read Now… Create a thesis! (Tie all of the things we just talked about together.)Be prepared to share with the class.
33Works Cited"A Short History Of Henrik Ibsen." YouTube. YouTube, 08 Apr Web. 19 Oct"Henrik Ibsen Biography." Bio.com. A&E Networks Television, n.d. Web. 19 OctKim, Cindy. "A Doll's House- The Cultural Context." Prezi.com. N.p., 3 Nov Web. 19 OctHemmer, Bjorn, Prof. "The Dramatist: HENRIK IBSEN." Great Norwegians. Metropolitan News Company, n.d. Web. 21 Oct"Henrik Ibsen." NNDB: Tracking the entire world. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 Oct"Henrik Ibsen Biography - Childhood, Life Achievements & Timeline." Famous People - Famous People in History, Famous People List & Biography. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 Oct