Presentation on theme: "Directorate General of Employment and Training"— Presentation transcript:
1 National Consultation Workshop on Industry – Career Centre – ITI collaboration Directorate General of Employment and TrainingMinistry of Labour and EmploymentGovernment of IndiaNew Delhi29 August 2014
2 Structure of presentation ApproachStrategies/interventionsRe-establishing brand equity of ITIsSetting up Model ITIsSkill upgradation of unorganised sector workersRestructuring employment services and setting up career centresNational Career Service portalFraming National Employment PolicyPolicy framework for National Career ServicesOther initiativesWay forward
3 ApproachTo enhance employment and employability of youth and catalysing entrepreneurshipCareer counselling and vocational training means to achieve the above objectiveMeaningful and outcome driven linkages of local industries with Career Centres and training institutions being establishedImplementation of all initiatives to be driven by the States to get desired outcomesRole of Central Government to support States by providing appropriate frameworks, best practices, IT architecture, etc.
4 Re-establishing brand equity of ITIs Curriculum as revised by Mentor Councils (with representatives from industry, academia, Champion ITIs, CSTARI and NIMI) in 11 core sectors being implemented w.e.f. August 2014 sessionIncubation Centres (4) and Chairs (5) being set up in premier institutions including IIT- Chennai, IIT Delhi, IIT-Kanpur, IIT-Roorkee and ISM-DhanbadInfrastructure for training of trainers in distance mode being createdPilot in delivery of ICT courses through Spoken Tutorial project of IIT-Bombay under progressTraining in semester pattern introduced in ITIs in February 2014First phase of ITI e-governance portal to be launched in November 2014E-certification for CTS courses being launched from November 2014Leadership and Management training of all Government ITI Principals being conducted in premier management institutions including IIM-Lucknow, MDI-Gurgaon, IIFT-Delhi, etc.
5 ITI-industry partnership framework Flexible MoUs for running industry-driven courses in ITIsCustomised industry-led courses with high employment potential (min. 80%) brought under NCVT certificationDetailed policy guidelines issued in July 2014MoUs signed Tata Sons, Flipkart, Cadila Pharmaceuticals, Gujarat Industries Power Company Limited, LabourNet and Raymond in August 2014
6 Concept of Model ITIsWith the national goal of Skilled India, a fresh thinking required to take the ITIs to the next level by making them more demand-responsiveProposal to upgrade one Government ITI in each State / UT as a model institution with industry engagement, optimum capacity utilization, unorganized sector training etc.Model ITIs are expected to become demand centres for the local industries, and evolve as institutions showcasing best practices, efficient and high quality training delivery, and sustainable and effective industry leadership
7 List of Activities under Model ITIs Scheme Reassessment of all existing trades and units for their relevance with local market demandConverting / opening relevant units based on the reassessment exerciseUpgradation of all retained unitsUpgradation of overall facilities in the institute, including building, workshops, etc.Filling up all vacant instructor positions by hiring contractual facultySetting up a full-fledged training and placements cell and appointing a full-time training and placement officerOverhauling the institute management committee and attracting at least one industry house to conduct training programmes in the most popular tradeCreating suitable infrastructure for upgradation of skills of the existing workforce of the local industrial unitsCarrying out advocacy activities for institute promotion amongst candidates and potential employers by creating websites and holding job fairs
8 Model ITIs – Structure of scheme Proposed scheme structure:Rs. 10 crore budget for each Model ITICentrally Sponsored Scheme with 70% Central Share and 30% State Share (NE- 90:10)One Government ITI to be identified by each State / UT Directorate and an Action Plan to be developedUpgradation work to be taken up on an immediate basis after approval of the Action Plan
9 Model ITIs – Proposal from States A communication was sent out by the Secretary (LEM) to Chief Secretaries of all States / UTs on 25th July 2014 requesting to identify one Government ITI for consideration under this initiative, and send an Action Plan by 16th August 2014Status of responses received so far is presented below:S. No.State / UTITI IdentifiedIndustry Clusters ServedAction Plan Status1.BiharITI Digha, Patna and ITI (W) Digha, PatnaNot mentionedNot received2.GoaBorda, Margao3.MeghalayaTuraCottage and MediumProposal received4.MizoramVeng, AizawlOutline received5.PunjabPatiala6.RajasthanUdaipur7.Uttar PradeshSaket, Meerut20 clusters identified8.West BengalDurgapur, BurdwanSteel, Power, Cement, Metal, Chemical, Brewery, etc.
10 Skill upgradation of unorganised sector workers Proposed scheme for running an additional shift in urban ITIs (Govt. & Pvt.) across country to provide training to unorganised sector workersSpecial focus to be given to courses on modern construction technologyAdditional shift will be run in the ITI in the evening for training of the workersTraining will be provided in trades/sector relevant to the area in which large number of unorganised sector workforce existsStates to identify at least one ITI in each Urban/Semi urban centre to set up training infrastructure
11 Skill upgradation of unorganised sector workers Training cost will be borne under SDI schemeTo ensure adequate focus is given to the scheme, 40% funds are proposed to be earmarked from SDI scheme for this activityProposal to utilise BOCW Cess funds for creation of infrastructure in ITIs in construction sector onlyStipend at the daily rates prescribed for boarding & lodging allowances in SDI scheme will be paid at the end of every month to the BOCW registered worker or his eligible family member who undergo training in such ITIs on the basis of certificate from Head of ITI
12 Restructuring employment services and offering career services To reposition all Employment Exchanges as a hub for all career related services - National Career Service (NCS)Focus on providing career counselling and vocational guidancePortal for effectively delivering services of NCS being developedNational number based call centre and helpdesk will also be integrated into NCSCapacity building programs for employment exchange officers to be conductedNCS will be one-stop-shop for all other career related services as placement services, internships, apprenticeships, etc.
13 Objectives of Career Centres Assess skills requirements at local, regional, national and international levelsProvide counselling both to youth visiting the centres and by outreach to educational institutions about various training, on-the-job training and job opportunities, etc.Youth from rural, semi urban areas as well as from disadvantaged sections of the society to get information on training/employment optionsConnect job-seekers and employers through portal, job fairs and other mean such as campus placementGeneral gap training for college pass outs through specially empanelled training providers
14 Career Centres – salient features 50 Model Career Centres to be established this year itself; six VRCs will also be transformed into Model Career Centres for PwDs. Central support of about Rs 50 lakh eachBihar, Gujarat, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh and West Bengal to have 2 Model Career Centres each; all other States/UT to have one Model Career CentreStates given flexibility to choose model for operating career centres (State funding, PPP-Industry Association Sponsorship/Company Sponsorship/Pvt. Owned/Partial Ownership, CSR funds, etc.)Outcome-based monitoring - No. of candidates/ schools provided counselling; no. of candidates placed through various channels; job fairs conducted, etc.
15 Career Centres – action expected from States States requested to send proposal for transformation of employment exchange to career centre by 25th August 2014Proposal received only from State of Odisha for VRCStates to expedite action plan as 10 Model Career Centres to be made operational by December 2014 and remaining 40 to be made operational by March 2015
16 National Career Service portal State-of-the-art technology driven National Career Service Portal will provide information about available job opportunities and resources for Career Centres to function effectivelySome of the services that will be made available through NCS portal are:An updated knowledge repository on Career Related content for effective counsellingJob & Skill Mapping for contemporary/popular careersJob & Vacancy PostingsTraining Calendar & SchedulerCandidate Registration & TrackingSkill Assessment and Aptitude Testing interfacesPWC has been engaged as the Project Management Consultant for NCS portal and RFP for appointment of implementation agency has been floated on 13th August 2014The portal is expected to go live in December 2014
17 NCS Portal – expectations from States Current situation analysis of existing Employment Exchanges to assess gaps and develop plan at State-level for transformation into career centres (Action plan to be submitted by 31st October 2014)Nominate in time employment exchange officials for capacity building programs being organised by DGE&T and appoint nodal officer for managing all activities of NCSIdentify the best practices that have generated interest from Industry/Skill Institutes/Jobseekers etc. to be shared with all other StatesCollate career, job and skill related data for hosting on National Portal
18 Formulating National Employment Policy: Consultation Process Inter-Ministerial Committee comprising of representatives of Central Ministries and State Governments constitutedComments sought from major social partners – Central Ministries, State Governments, Employers Associations, Trade Unions and Professional BodiesComments sought on key dimensions like: employment generation, enhancing productivity of workforce, reforms in labour laws, increase in participation of youth and women, and enhancing entrepreneurship
19 Formulating National Employment Policy: Consultation Process Comments received till date from:Central MinistriesMinistry of AgricultureMinistry of Commerce & IndustryMinistry of Heavy Industries & Public EnterprisesMinistry of Home AffairsMinistry of Housing & Urban Poverty AlleviationMinistry of Human Resource DevelopmentMinistry of MinesMinistry of PowerMinistry of Road Transport & HighwaysMinistry of TextilesState GovernmentsGovernment of Himachal PradeshGovernment of KarnatakaGovernment of MizoramGovernment of OdishaGovernment of TripuraGovernment of Uttar PradeshTrade UnionsHind Mazdoor SabhaIndian National Trade Union Congress
20 Employers Associations Professional Bodies/Institutions Formulating National Employment Policy: Consultation ProcessComments received till date from:Employers AssociationsAll India Manufacturers’ OrganisationEmployers Federation of IndiaFederation of Indian Women EntrepreneursIndian Chamber of Commerce, KolkataLaghu Udyog BharatiProfessional Bodies/InstitutionsBSE Institute Ltd., MumbaiIndian Industrial Relations Association
21 Highlights of the Comments Employment Generation:National Employment Policy should be integrated closely with other national policies to ensure growth-employment linkageExpand employment opportunities in non-farm sectorAttract and retain youth in farming and processing of farm productsPromote small scale and cottage industries, particularly in backward regionsFocus on policies to reduce youth unemployment rates, particularly among women
22 Highlights of the Comments Employability:Recognition of prior learningRecognition and certification of informally acquired skillsCertification of skills in consonance with the emerging market needsExpand vocational/technical courses through Public Private Partnership modeCreation of National Career Service PortalAmending the Apprenticeship Act to make it more flexibleIntegrating vocational training with industry with a minimum specified period for on the job trainingIntroduction of behavioural/soft skills in vocational curriculumEncouraging entrepreneurship in vocational training strategies
23 Highlights of the Comments Employability:Focus on vocational training for womenCustomised skill development training for socially disadvantaged groupsDeveloping skills for demanded in the international marketFocus on skill development to the populous of border areas
24 Highlights of the Comments Labour Regulations:Re-orient labour laws for facilitating manufacturing and export growthAmendment mainly sought in Industrial Disputes Act, Contract Labour ActFactories Act may be amended to consider the issue of working of women in night shiftsSimplification of procedures for compliance of labour laws, particularly for small scale sectorPromoting alternative dispute resolution processesOperationalisation of toll free helpline numbers for information regarding labour laws
25 Highlights of the Comments Social Security:Extend Social Security for all categories of unorganised sector workers , including Home Based WorkersEnhance social security benefits for seasonal migrants in urban areasLonger maternity leave for women to encourage their re-entry to the labour market in the post maternity phase
26 National Employment Policy NEP is a key part of the policy framework to support employment in the country. It needs to be seen in conjunction with the demand and supply factors, both of which are critical elements in the employment process. An illustration of elements involved in such process are as shown below:
27 NEP – Framework Vision Key Pillars of NEP 3. Working conditions “NEP will be a major enabling factor for generating decent employment to all citizens to obtain dignified, productive and secure livelihood thereby enhancing their well-being.”GoalsInterventionsDesired Outcomes - Quantitative and QualitativeGovernance and MonitoringKey Pillars of NEP1. EmployabilityDemand responsiveskill development2. EmploymentNational career service, Self-employment3. Working conditionsLabour regulations, Occupational Health and Safety (OHS)4. Social Security and BenefitsSocial Security benefits, WagesCoverage - All workers in terms of sectors (organized and unorganized), categories (regular, part time and casual) and status (wage employment and self employment); Special focus on women, youth and home based workers and other economically and socially disadvantaged groups
28 NEP Goals Key Pillars of NEP 3. Working conditions 2. Employment 1. EmployabilityDemand responsiveskill development2. EmploymentNational career service, Self-employment3. Working conditionsLabour regulations, Occupational Health and Safety (OHS)4. Social Security and BenefitsSocial Security benefits, WagesKey Pillars of NEPCreate a skilled and employable labour force focusing on youth, women and the socially disadvantaged, to respond to the rapidly changing demand for skillsEstablish a National Career Service linked to a robust labour market information system to facilitate matching of supply and demand for jobs and skills at all levelsRationalisation of the existing labour regulation to balance fairness with flexibility and ensuring compliance by simplifying proceduresExpanding coverage of social security particularly for those in informal employmentEnhancing the level of benefits of existing social securityEnsuring portability of benefitsGoals of NEP
29 1. Employability – Interventions proposed Current Need AnalysisInterventions (At a glance)Supply side - Need to widen base of vocational skill pyramid training with a focus on sector specific requirementMismatch between vocational training imparted and youth expectationsStrengthen the skill development institutions - Institutional changesNeed for re-orientation of the Apprenticeship schemeIncrease reach, awareness and desirability of vocational training using media campaigns and programsVocational education as a core subject at senior secondary level (esp. directed for high employment generation industry sectors)Re-evaluate no. of Apprentices, Stipends for the Apprentices (in state and industry contributory model) periodically; Expand apprenticeship base (could include tapping the potential of the MSMEs)Strong Monitoring of the current ITIs (in terms of the education standards, Tech tools being used, Facilities, regularity and staffing of teachers, Staff to students ratio, instructor training, etc).Course curriculum should emphasize industry relevant courses (soft skill development , Industrial Safety and hazards, Basic computer literacy, etc. in simple english – E Station Rural Gujarat model) and be developed in conjunction with IndustryEvaluate prospects of creating skill development centres (rural areas) in the existing schools, during the evening hoursOne of the main problems of the talent emerging out of 8,800 ITI's and 450 polytechnics, as cited by the Industry, is lack of relevant skills.It is therefore critical to develop a mechanism to tap the potential requirements of the Industry on an ongoing basis through interface, dialogue and policy.Periodic Revamping the curriculum of these institutes along with a close participation of Industries is required, to make sure this is relevant to Industry demands. Although efforts have been made in this direction, this can be done in conjunction with industry on regular basis.Include industry relevant courses like Industrial Safety and hazards, Technical vocabulary (in simple English – As used in the SOPs of most organizations), Basic Computer Literacy, etc. to increase the employability of the students.Include industry relevant courses like Industrial Safety and hazards, Technical vocabulary (in simple / understandable English – As used in the SOPs of most organizations), Basic Computer Literacy, etc. to increase the employability of the students.As part of the 2% CSR Expenditure by corporates, ‘Adopt an Institute (ITI / Polytechnic)’ could also be introduced to ensure a revamp of the existing infrastructure and facilities at these institutes. Most of these institutes have challenges in terms of infrastructure – Labs, Access to Technology, Computers, (Even Power supply at times), etc. The poor level of facilities is a major factor, why the students that pass out are not deemed to be at par with Industry requirements.National Level :31 sector skill councils (SSCs) under the NSDC to work in closer co-ordination with the Industry to ensure there is buy-in of the skilled workforce that they will train (NSDC has a target of skilling 150 million by 2022)Extensive Media campaigns and programs to ensure that skilled workforce is valued by Industries. This will also contribute to bringing about a social change to end the perceived gap between Vocational Training and College education. The aim should be to bring vocational education at par with the mainstream education.There are deep-rooted misconceptions that skills-related training is only intended for those who could not make it in the formal system. Admissions in these centres are continued to be seen by many as a last resort. To overcome this barrier and change people’s mind-set, public campaigns on employability options through vocational training need to be launched.Necessary and basic workshop subjects as well as short duration courses (of choice) designed for sector specific skills for high employment generation industry sectors to be made compulsory for all secondary students. This will ensure exposure to employment options at an earlier age to address the unemployed youth problem.Website for the Ministry should have a List of occupations that are key to supporting the growth of the state and key economic sectors of the country. Against each occupation, the professional or minimum degree required should be stated. This would prepare the youth for upcoming jobs. Reference : Ministry of Manpower SingaporeNeed for focused approach in directing training and skill development interventions (especially for skilling socially disadvantaged groups like SC and ST and increasing employability of educated young women)Mobile Vocational Training Vans (for areas with low accessibility in Rural parts of the states, similar to ‘DoorStep education’)Residential institutes for women in each state capitalSkill mapping / Role identification for the disabled
30 1. Employability – Interventions proposed Current Need AnalysisInterventions (At a glance)Demand side - Need for industry support for boosting employabilityLack of importance, awareness and avenues for SMSE to hire skilled workforceInsufficient involvement of industry in skill developmentStrengthen trainer base for imparting skill at training institutesCreate awareness and boost Industry ParticipationRegular structured communication across various industry forums – Quantum and Importance of skilled workforceIndustry sponsored courses/ scholarships at VTIs (esp. for women)Revamping of existing infrastructure setup by running ‘Adopt an Institute (ITI/ Polytechnic)’ initiative for corporatesTax Incentives for companies which hire from ITIsCreate DatabasesE-Enabled Single Window Registration process for all types of apprentices (current process is cumbersome)Online database of available skilled workforce (certified through various courses of the NSDC, and others ) to be made available online for access by IndustriesOnline repository of all Apprentices for employee hiring by industries – including those of students passing out of ITI and Diploma collegesStrengthening of TrainersConsider Industry experts to impart specialized training to ITI facultyBudget allotment and utilization stipulations on ITIs could be considered to ensure compulsory expenditure on staff training
31 2. Employment – Interventions proposed Current Need AnalysisInterventions (At a glance)Need for increasing LFPR (Labour Force Participation Rate) – Supply side enhancement (especially of youth and women)Need for creation of high quality jobs - Increasing the demand side aligned to economic growthIncrease EntrepreneurshipImprove service levels provided by employment exchanges to stakeholdersDefined SLAs and single-window clearing mechanisms at Employment ExchangesSupport with setup of a national technology enabled career service (NCS) – Key featuresFar and wide network of offices / branchesEase of interaction - Walk-in Service, separate section on the NCS for women, persons with disability and learning difficultiesReach and access - Setup of a Helpline and web chat serviceConsolidate information on corporate hiring efforts for differently abled candidates (Titan, etc.)Improved capability of national employment service personnel using various means like inclusion of Industry professionals as Career Advisers on a rotation basisCreate awareness of NCS through mediaBoost entrepreneurship and industrializationEncourage entrepreneurship by providing platforms (possibly tech enabled) for interface with Venture CapitalistsIncreasing industrialization and hence jobs by reducing land acquisition related complications (Online Registration process)Need for to review and revamp the setup in place for job matching in terms of technology, infrastructure, capacity building of National Employment Service personnel, location and accessibility to employment exchangesNCS:Reach and access - Setup of a Helpline and web chat service.Relevant vocational guidance services; additionally providing services like online CV writing guidance.India has 45.7 crore workers and in which one out of every three young graduates (15-29 years) is unemployed. Advice and Support Services of NCS could aim to provide high quality information and independent professional advice & guidance for those who need it most which would be a vital part to make an efficient labour marketThe NCS Website needs to have updated information on what jobs are growing and where the opportunities are, what skills and qualifications are needed and where to get them (SSC, industry boards, to have access to update info)The UK National Career Service is designed to handle 1 million helpline calls from adults and 370,000 from young people, and 20 million hits on its website. It will also be able to give 700,000 people face-to-face advice each year. The India NCS should scale to have a similar reach and access. Range of Offerings – Online CV writing guidance as most young people are not adept at this, assessing their skills and enhancement (RPS).Schools play a critical role in shaping careers – all schools / colleges to provide career guidance as per NCS stated norms. The NCS should be available to everyone for seeking advice on career options, courses and skill enhancementQuality ImprovementPeople seeking advice on work and learning should have the confidence in the NCS to getting a high quality service.A new set of professional standards for career advisers working with NCS should be instituted by the government with stringent adherence to requirements. Possibilities of roping in a professionals might be looked at.Registration of advisers holding postgraduate qualifications and guidelines on how advisers can develop their own skills and gain higher qualifications.Corporates should design interviewing / assessing training modules to develop skills of NCS advisers and ensure they offering relevant advice as per industry requirement in skill development - Train the advisor model.
32 3. Working Conditions – Interventions proposed Needs – Current State AnalysisInterventions (At a glance)Currently most of the labor regulations are largely premised on open ended employment contract and existence of a direct employer-employee relationship in the formal sectorNeed for labour regulations to consider various employment situations (fixed term/temporary/part time employment, self employment and employment in the small firms and household industries)Review and re-orientation of labour regulations for effective protection of all types of employeesConsolidation of labour laws under four major groupings: Working Conditions, Industrial Relations, Social Security, and WelfareEnsuring uniformity of definitionsProviding flexibility to employers without compromising safety and security of workersEqual pay for equal work for all non- standard employmentEnhancing compensation for retrenchmentPromoting Safety at Workplace for WomenReforms in Minimum wages ActNational Floor Level Minimum Wages to be made statutoryApplicability of Minimum Wages Act to be expanded to all the employments and not restricted to scheduled employmentsReforms in Migrant Workmen’s ActInterstate Migrant Workmen’s Act to be amended to include all migrants under its purview.Benefits under the Act to be made portable.
33 4. Social Security & Benefits – Interventions proposed Needs – Current State AnalysisInterventions (At a glance)Need to extend the coverage of social security benefits (involves increasing spread of coverage for workers in the organized sector, as well as those in the informal sector and home based workers)Increased coverage in the social security netFocused efforts towards increase in coverage of workers under the ESI and EPF Acts especially in sectors like constructionEstablishment of common criteria on enterprises size and wage threshold to be adopted for availing benefits under ESI & EPF ActsIncreased coverage of RSBY (first to all BPL households and then to all the unorganized sector families)A dedicated welfare board set up to extend social protection measures to all home based workersIncrease of Maternity leave under the Maternity Benefits Act from 12 weeks to 24 weeksNational database creation for storing social security dataCreation of a National Data Base on social security for tracking registration of beneficiaries and monitoring deliverables under various schemesReduction of administrative overheads and improved delivery of schemesSetting up of a Central Labour Welfare Board to administer all existing/ proposed central welfare funds to cut down administrative overheads and improve delivery systemsNeed to review wages for workers (especially related to wages for casual labour and social security for contract labour)Need for benefits portability to cater to accelerated mobility of workers in search of employment (intra-state and rural to rural); Also need for adequate social protection for all internal labour migrants
34 NEP Outcomes Key Pillars of NEP 3. Working conditions 2. Employment 1. EmployabilityDemand responsiveskill development2. EmploymentNational career service, Self-employment3. Working conditionsLabour regulations, Occupational Health and Safety (OHS)4. Social Security and BenefitsSocial Security benefits, WagesKey Pillars of NEPContribute to achieving target of skilling 500 million persons by 2022Reduce educated youth (15-29 years) unemployment rate by 2025 –Overall: 11.3% to 5.6%Women:17.4% to 5.6%Enhancing quality of skill endowment of labour force and workforceEnhancing the income earning potential of self employed workersSupply side – By 2025 increase LFPROverall: 39.5% to 55%Women: 22.5% to 45%Men: 55% to 65%Youth: 44.6% to 60%Demand sideTo contribute to achieving the target of 100 million manufacturing jobs by 2022To contribute to the 12th Five Year Plan target of 50 million new jobs in manufacturing and services byExtended scope to include all types of employees in both unorganized and organized sectorReduction of inequities based on gender and social groupsPortability of Benefits in case of interstate migrationIncreased coverage of Social Security NetGreater focus on delivery of various schemes to ensure transparency, speed and cost effectivenessNEP - Outcomes
35 NEP – proposed governance structure National Employment Policy CouncilProvide overall directionUnion Labour and Employment MinisterRepresentations from major Central Ministries and State GovernmentsNational Employment Steering CommitteeSecretary Ministry of Labour and Employment (MoLE)Central Trade UnionsEmployer and Industry representationILOExperts in Labour studiesFormulate specific implementation plans and prioritization of theseMoLEDGE&TVVGNLI (Technical support)Evolve key indicators and monitor implementation of policy parameters and outcomes on a regular basis
36 Policy review frequency NEP MonitoringIndicatorsQualitative and quantitative dimensions of the employment policy such asEmployment and Labour force trends - sector wise/ gender/social groupSocial Security - Coverage of flagship schemes and access to benefitsLabour Regulation-Simplification, compliance and enforcement trends particularly in relation to minimum wages, contract labour, equal remuneration, migrant labour etc.Skill development- In liaison with the National Skill Development Authority – skill mapping, skill matching and expanding skill base with special focus on women, youth and socially disadvantaged groupsLabour Market Information System and National Career Service - Current and Future job market opportunities, Job search assistancePolicy review frequencyAnnual
37 Employment Exchange Act, 1959 Employment Exchanges (Compulsory Notification of Vacancies) Act, 1959Requires all establishments in the Public Sector and non-agriculture establishments in Private Sector where 25 or more workers are employed to work for remuneration, to mandatorily notify vacancies to Employment Exchange as may be prescribed by the respective State Government/Union TerritoryEmployer not obliged to recruit the person through employment exchangePenal provisions in case of non compliance956 Employment Exchanges across the country with around 4.5 crore people registered (TN, WB, UP, KL, MH, MP account for 3 crore approx.)Annual placements – around 5 lakhs (GJ and MH account for 3 lakhs approx.)
38 Policy framework for supporting National Career Service A Policy for National Career Service is proposed to address the changing needs of the labour market and align it with the policy initiatives for enhancing employability and connecting youth with employment opportunities by giving a focus on career counsellingA discussion paper on the same was preparedAn Inter Ministerial Committee has been constituted for recommending amendments to the Employment Exchange (Compulsory Notification of Vacancies) Act, 1959The discussion paper was shared with the IMC and its recommendations are presented in the next slide
39 Recommendations of Inter-Ministerial Committee After deliberating on the discussion paper, following decisions were taken by the IMC:Employment Exchange (CNV) Act, 1959 should be repealed as it has lost its relevanceNCS should function under a Policy framework which will have elaborate provisions and mechanisms for functioning of Public and Private Placement AgenciesThe Policy would include development of a Code of Conduct, MoU/agreement arrangements and have a subscription base system for authorized users. The Policy would address issues like Centre-State operations, Data Sharing and Privacy IssuesTo oversee the implementation of the policy, it was decided to establish governance structures like employment authorities and regulatory machinery with an effective monitoring system and provision for third party auditsThe Policy will also have a robust grievance redressal mechanism to address violations, misuse etc.
40 Other initiativesRecognition of Prior Learning for construction sector workersConstruction sector is a labour-intensive sector with only around 1% workers in rural area are formally skilledWorking Group formed to help devise a program for mainstreaming the informal skills in construction sectorWG recommendations include worksite led training and assessment of existing workforce after pre-assessment of existing skills, gap training, etc.Last mile employabilityDGE&T is working to improve last mile employability through finishing skills courses to be imparted through reputed institutionsWorking Group formed to help devise coursesBasic course of 90 hours for Class X pass students and an Advanced course of 140 hours for Class XII pass and above proposed
41 Way forwardLeadership models for Industry-ITI-Career Centre collaborationforEnhancing employability of and entrepreneurship in youthUpgradation of skills of existing workforceMainstreaming informal skillsMeeting the emerging skill needs of industry
42 Directorate General of Employment & Training Thank YouDirectorate General of Employment & TrainingMinistry of Labour and Employment, Govt. of IndiaShram Shakti Bhawan, 2 & 4 Rafi Marg, New Delhi-1Phone: