Nationalism Speech ◦ Can you identify nationalism when you see it? ◦ Nationalism: Pride in your country and a desire to be free ◦ I will read the speech. Your job is to highlight/underline one quote that you believe is evidence of nationalism in Germany
Consider…. ◦ Eventually many of you will get married ◦ What kinds of things do you look for in the person you may wish to marry?
Traditional societies In traditional societies your parents would decide for you Woman were given a dowry and expected to be obedient and subjugate to their husbands “God promised man that there would be obedient wives found in all corners of the Earth. Then he made the world round and laughed”
Traditional Societies Pros ◦ Consistent ◦ Never changes ◦ No unemployment ◦ All needs are met Cons ◦ No innovation ◦ New ideas rejected ◦ Wants not considered ◦ Technologically behind
Market Economies ◦ Traditional societies have traditional economies ◦ Barter for what you need ◦ Raised to produce goods and services in the traditional way ◦ Everyone has a role to play ◦ No wants met (or very few), but all needs are met
Market Economies ◦ Consumers dictate what is produced because of their demands ◦ Producers respond to demand because they want money ◦ Currency is a medium of exchange ◦ Both wants and needs ◦ Currency is typical medium of exchange
Market economies Pros ◦ Wants and needs fulfilled ◦ Personal choice considered ◦ Consumer driven ◦ No limits on production Cons ◦ Unpredictable ◦ Unemployment common ◦ Haves and have-nots
Extended Bellringer ◦ I’m going to hand out the paragraph you wrote on the unification of Germany last week. ◦ Rewrite the paragraph using your notes from class Friday ◦ “How did Otto von Bismarck unify Germany?” ◦ Ask yourself: did I get the right idea from the reading alone? If not – how can you improve your reading comprehension ?
Agenda ◦ Bellringer ◦ Review Questions ◦ Notes: Beginning of Industrial Revolution ◦ Page 28 packet ◦ Exit ticket/HW: Recipe for Industry
Review Questions ◦ Who were the two men who unified Italy? ◦ Giuseppe Garibaldi and Camillo di Cavour ◦ What two countries fought in the seven weeks war? ◦ Austria and Prussia ◦ How did Otto von Bismarck believe Germany would be unified? ◦ Blood and Iron ◦ The unification of Italy and Germany are examples of what principle? ◦ Nationalism ◦ What is real politik? ◦ No nonsense, hard line, iron fist politics
Objective ◦ Students will identify how the agrarian revolution in Great Britain leads to the Industrial Revolution
Traditional vs. Market ◦ Early civilizations had traditional economies ◦ History, culture, and tradition decided what was produced, how it was produced, and who receives it ◦ Exchanges took place using barter (exchanges)
Commercial Revolution ◦ Historical circumstance for Industrial Revolution ◦ Trade towns began on waterways (for transportation purposes) ◦ Trade towns grew into trade cities (Venice, Paris, London) ◦ Business practices began ◦ Guilds (labor unions) ◦ Partnerships ◦ Insurance ◦ Banking
What happens… ◦ You are a farmer ◦ You have thirty chickens ◦ You keep them all fenced into a large yarded area ◦ You give them feed everyday, keep them safe, and give them a coop to roost in
Enclosure Movement ◦ Farmers discovered that two things happen when they keep all their animals together instead of allowing free range : they poop and they have more babies ◦ More babies = more food for humans to eat ◦ Poop = fertilizer for crops which means more food for humans to eat ◦ Enclosure Movement: fencing in animals to increase mating and fertilizer production
Great Britain 1700’s ◦ Many small farmers owned most of land ◦ Wealthy land owners began buying up all the land to make large farms ◦ Used the idea of crop rotation (similar to three field system) ◦ Jethro Tull invented Seed Drill: allowed farmers to sow seeds in perfect rows and at perfect depths ◦ Enclosure movement took hold ◦ What do all the small farmers do now that they are out of a job? ◦ Move to cities to try and find a new job! ◦ Urbanization: population shift from rural to urban areas
So now… ◦ The situation has shifted in great Britain ◦ More people live in cities ◦ There is more food to eat which increases population
Result… ◦ We are going to add the factors of production and rich resources to the new structure of Great Britain….. ◦ This will result in the Industrial Revolution
Industrial Revolution ◦ Industry: changing raw materials into finished products ◦ Revolution: fast change ◦ Industrial revolution: rapid change from cottage to factory system
Cottage system - 1700 Traditional style economy Make your own goods Plant your own food Make your own clothes Take care of yourself Barter for things you don’t have but need
Factory system - 1750 Mass production of goods Technological boom Steam power rather than human or animal Urbanization and population boom
Exit Ticket ◦ What is the enclosure movement? ◦ Enclosing animals to produce more food ◦ What is cottage industry? ◦ Self-sufficient production, barter ◦ What is the factory system? ◦ Mass production, steam machines ◦ What did Jethro Tull invent? ◦ Seed Drill ◦ Define urbanization ◦ Population shift from rural to urban
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