Presentation on theme: "Key Steps to improve and measure clinical outcomes"— Presentation transcript:
1Key Steps to improve and measure clinical outcomes Maria Ryan, PhD, APRNCEO Cottage Hospital
2Definition of termsInstitute of Medicine defines quality of care as :“The degree to which health care services for individuals and populations increase the likelihood of desired health outcomes and are consistent with current professional knowledge”Quality measures assess three levels of health care and its intended results:Structure measures - sufficiency of resources and proper system design.Process measures - interaction between the patient and the provider.Outcome measures - description of how the care delivered affects the patient’s health, health status and function.Looking at the patient for continuum of careLong term care, Home Health, ReadmissionsCommunity huddles – focus is “what happened to the patient and how do we pull together for care”
3Fundamentals of QI Process “The degree to which healthcare services for individuals and populations increase the likelihood of desired health outcomes and are consistent with current professional knowledge.”Tanya Lord – 4 year old son NoahBridge the gap between hospital and family/ Patient & Family engagement/ Integrate the patient experience together
4Development, testing, and implementation of a measurement and feedback plan during a typical QI Project
6Key change strategies for success Senior leadership commitment enables a shift from a ‘project view’ to a strategic vision.Each level of change will require different motivators and incentives.Accountability, follow- through and follow-upIn health care, spreading improvement depends on:key individuals,the primary messenger,and the ‘target’ of the message.Examples of messages with different targets.
7CMSBeginning in 2014, all providers are required to report their approved clinical quality measures (CQMs) in order to demonstrate meaningful use and be required to submit CQMs electronically.CMS selected all CQMs to align with the Department of Health and Human Services’ National Quality Strategy priorities for health care quality improvement. These domains include:Patient and Family EngagementPatient SafetyCare CoordinationPopulation and Public HealthEfficient Use of Healthcare ResourcesClinical Processes/EffectivenessCQMs measure many aspects of patient care including: health outcomes, clinical processes, patient safety, efficient use of healthcare resources, care coordination, patient engagements, population and public health, and clinical guidelines.
9New Hampshire Partnership for Patients Eliminating HarmHarm – an injury in association with medical care (including the absence of indicated medical treatment) that requires or prolongs hospitalization and/or results in permanent disability or death.New Hampshire Partnership for PatientsGOAL:New Hampshire hospitals will work collaboratively to eliminate those instances of patient harm by 2015 that could have been prevented if the evidence-based processes and systems known to improve patient safety had been implemented and followed.
10New Hampshire Partnership for Patients Eliminating HarmNew Hampshire Partnership for Patients1st state in the country: All CEOs and Governing Boards of all 26 NH hospitals commit to collaborate to achieve safe care.Eliminate central line blood stream associated infections.Bring the patient safety checklist from the operating room to all procedure areas.Statewide Hand Hygiene CampaignVTE PreventionExpanding accountability by publicly reporting validated data
11Total harmTotal Harm = Readmissions + Adverse Drug Events (ADE) + Falls with Injury + Hospital Acquired Pressure Ulcers (HAPUs) Stage III & IV + Catheter-Associated Urinary Tract Infection (CAUTI) + Central Line-Associated Blood Stream Infections (CLABSI) + Ventilator-Associated Pneumonia (VAP) + Surgical Site Infection (SSI) + Early Elective Deliveries (EED) + Venous Thromboembolism (VTE) + OB HarmIn 2011, New Hampshire Partnership For Patients began collaborating to eliminate harm. The baseline for Total Harm in 2011 was 30.1%. As of December 2013, New Hampshire is just under 10%.Cost Savings To-Date for the healthcare system = $12,664,100**Based on CMS data researchBaseline = 30.0For every 100 discharges, 30 were recurring events
12Central Line Associated Blood Stream Infections (CLABSI) From 2011 through Sept. 2013, NH has seen 58.5% reduction in CLABSICost Savings To-Date for the healthcare system = $ 95,000** Based on CMS data and research
13Patient Safety Checklist Every hospital and ambulatory surgery center to adopt and post a safety checklist in all procedure areas where an incision is made or anesthesia is administered.Differs from the common “time-out” process which confirms site, patient and procedure.Improves team communication and promotes consistency of delivery of care. Ensuring safe care at three critical junctures:Prior to anesthesiaPrior to incision or procedurePrior to exiting the operating room or procedure areaNew Hampshire rolled out the checklist and continues to monitor all 26 hospitals and ambulatory surgical centers“The checklist is only as good as the team believes it is”
14Story of integrityDespite audits that suggested we had very high adherence to the surgical safety checklist, we were still experiencing surgical adverse events, so many are approaching the audits with much more scrutiny of “qualitative” components…ie did everyone in room truly suspend activity and were present in the moment of the timeout?… so there is perhaps more integrity by which we are approaching the audit process.
15To reduce the risk of healthcare-associated infections in the state. Hand Hygiene campaignSPONSERED CAMPAIGN: The NH Healthcare Quality Assurance Commission (HQAC) with the NH Foundation for Health Communities (FHC).To reduce the risk of healthcare-associated infections in the state.The goal was to gather data that would help to:Understand how different NH hospitals approached hand hygiene improvementDevelop and test hypotheses about what works and what doesn’t work when and whyProvide the HQAC and individual hospitals with feedback on current practices and guidelines for improvement.
16Hand Hygiene campaign Every hospital and ambulatory surgery center: Submitted compliance data every six months.Developed hand hygiene improvement strategies in the following categories:Leadership and accountabilityMeasurement and feedbackEducation and trainingAvailability and convenience of hand hygiene productsMarketing and communicationNH hospital hand hygiene has significantly improved overall from 82% in 2008 to 93% in 2012.Current data suggests our adherence to Hand Hygiene continues to surpass the published 2009 national rates.
17First project NH Partnership for Patients worked on Statewide baseline occurrence – 7 – Confirmed VTE w/ no evidence of being provided prophylaxiswe implemented protocols, went to 0Reason for upswing is manual to electronic and complexity of patients
18Change StrategiesChange is difficult but SUSTAINING change is even more complex.Once change has been implemented, there is a tendency to revert to the old system. Sustainability strategies include:Assigning ownershipHardwiring the change into the systemPeriodic measurementFeedbackInvolvement of the senior leadershipACCOUNTABILITY is a core principle of sustaining improvementLean = Best safety, Highest Quality, Shortest lead time, Lowest cost, Highest employee moralThe Five Principles of Lean: 1. Value 2. Value Stream Map 3. Eliminate Waste 4. Flow 5. Strive for Perfection
19All successes, no matter how small, should be celebrated!
20Institute for Healthcare Improvement Triple Aim Initiative Better Care for IndividualsNew designs that better identify problems and solutions further upstream and outside of acute health careBetter Health for PopulationsPatients can expect less complex and much more coordinated care and the burden of illness will decreaseReducing per capita cost of health careLessen the pressure on publicly funded health care budgets and businesses.
21Bridging the Quality and Finance Silos ImprovementFinancialHealth
22Building the Business Case for Quality Continues to be a challengeTraditional Pay for Volume ModelShifting paradigm to Pay for OutcomesNon-payment for Hospital Acquired Conditions (HAC)Readmission PenaltiesValue Based PurchasingShared RiskPay for VolumePay for ParticipationPay for Outcomes
24Questions and Answers “Far and away the best prize that life offers is the chance to work hard atwork worth doing.”-Thomas Jefferson-
25Maria Ryan, PhD, APRN email@example.com ReferencesModel for Improvement – Part 1: A framework for Health Care Quality; Courtland, C. D., Noonan, L., Feld, L.; Pediatric Clinic North America Journal 56 (2009) p. 757 – 778 doi: /j..pclModel for Improvement – Part Two: Measurement and Feedback for Quality Improvement Efforts, Randolph, G., Esporas, M. Provost, L. Massie, S. Bundy, D. G, Pediatric Clinic North America Journal 56 (2009)Accountability Measurement – Using Measurement to Promote Quality Improvement, Chassin, M. R., Loeb, J. M., Schmaltz, S. P., Wachter, R. M., New England Journal of Medicine, 363;7.Joint Commission,New Hampshire Foundation for Healthy Communities,Principles for the Development of Use of Quality Measures, Steer Committee on Quality Improvement and Management and Committee on Practice and Ambulatory Medicine, Pediatrics (2008) 121; 411 doi /peds.2007 – 3281Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services,The Direct Medical Costs of Healthcare-Associated Infections in U.S. Hospitals and the Benefits of Prevention; Scott RD, Division of Healthcare Quality Promotion National Center for Preparedness, Detection, and Control of Infectious Diseases Coordinating Center for Infectious Diseases Centers for Disease Control and Prevention; Web. 4 DecMaria Ryan, PhD, APRN