Presentation on theme: "COMMUNITY AND SOCIAL SERVICE IN HIGHER EDUCATION DEPARTMENT OF HOME SCIENCE EXTENSION EDUCATION."— Presentation transcript:
COMMUNITY AND SOCIAL SERVICE IN HIGHER EDUCATION DEPARTMENT OF HOME SCIENCE EXTENSION EDUCATION
ACKNOWLEDGEMENT The students and staff of the academic year 1976-77 were the pioneers in this constructive and novel educational Endeavour.
THE PHILOSOPHY OF COMMUNITY AND SOCIAL SERVICE The student community is a vast reservoir of human energy waiting to be harnessed for useful purposes. Only they need opportunities which will capture and arrest their imagination, tap their power, unlock their talents and develop their potential. Educationally, the curricular work needs to be integrated with the developmental activities in the community. Such integration would bring realism to the courses of study, since the subject matter studied can then be applied to life situations.
THE PHILOSOPHY OF COMMUNITY AND SOCIAL SERVICE C ONTD.. Students will become deeply interested in what they are studying and understand the realities as they exist. Through CSS, students of the University have an unprecedented opportunity to serve the people in the rural, backward and tribal areas and urban slums. The student community is a vast reservoir of human energy waiting to be harnessed for useful purposes. Only they need opportunities which will capture and arrest their imagination, tap their power, unlock their talents and develop their potential.
THE PHILOSOPHY OF COMMUNITY AND SOCIAL SERVICE C ONTD.. Educationally, the curricular work needs to be integrated with the developmental activities in the community. Such integration would bring realism to the courses of study, since the subject matter studied can then be applied to life situations. Students will become deeply interested in what they are studying and understand the realities as they exist. Through CSS, students of the University, have an unprecedented opportunity to serve the people in the rural, backward and tribal areas and urban slums. In order to help all the students understand our communities and identify themselves with their aspirations, needs, problems, resources and plans, and to educate the masses in their developmental programmes.
THE PHILOSOPHY OF COMMUNITY AND SOCIAL SERVICE C ONTD.. CSS is the first organized efforts to put the advice of the great leaders of the nation into action within the curricular framework in …. The social context Economic environment and the life of the community Meeting the local needs Utilizing the local infrastructure and facilities Mobilizing the moral Physical and human resources of the community Linking education with work experience and integrating the formal curriculum with the goals of national development.
OBJECTIVES OF COMMUNITY AND SOCIAL SERVICE The broad objectives of CSS are that the students at higher levels of education: Take part in nation building activities Acquire leadership traits by participation in the programmes Learn to apply their subject matter knowledge to solve day-to-day problems in the community Make the community conscious of the scientific advancements and develop a scientific outlook in the various aspects of daily life.
OBJECTIVES OF COMMUNITY AND SOCIAL SERVICE C ONTD … The specific objectives the CSS should help the students to: o Become aware of the family structure, caste and value systems, needs and aspirations in the community adopted o Understand how to mobilize the resources available in the community-both human and material
OBJECTIVES OF COMMUNITY AND SOCIAL SERVICE C ONTD … The specific objectives the CSS should help the students to: Develop skills in human relations and in working with the community Inculcate positive attitudes towards Integrated Rural / Urban Development Aspire for strong, constructive relationships between themselves and the community, making way for desirable changes and development of leadership.
MOTIVATING STUDENTS AND STAFF FOR CSS The CSS programmes, need the whole hearted involvement of university administrators, Deans, Heads, staff and students. They need to spell out and implement CSS programmes as part of their moral commitment for the wellbeing of the community in their neighborhood and the nation Only such understanding, commitment and dedication can create a conviction for continued, meaningful association with CSS. The importance of people’s participation and co- operation and co-ordination with other personnel should be recognized by the participants in CSS.
MOTIVATING STUDENTS AND STAFF FOR CSS C ONTD.. The CSS Committee should consist of students and teachers actively interested in the effort. The members of this committee can help to select the village / community for adoption after consulting the community leaders and concerned development officials. This can be done in an informal meeting in the village / or slum. Development of strong rapport with the members of the community will help the students to identify themselves with the community. This can be made possible by providing them with opportunities to take part in selected celebrations of the community.
MOTIVATING STUDENTS AND STAFF FOR CSS C ONTD.. Rapport can be further strengthened by allotting certain number of households to each student to carry out the development programmes steadily. The encouragement given by the Head of the University or head of the department by his/her frequent visits to the field will improve the morale of the students and the teachers. Adequate publicity for achievements both in the University and community, through different communication media will make the students feel proud of their efforts. Special prizes can be awarded for the outstanding CSS workers during the University day functions.
MOTIVATING THE COMMUNITY FOR CSS WORK Motivation of the community is essential for the acceptance of CSS programmes, full involvement of the people and the ultimate success of the efforts.
SELECTION OF THE AREA OF WORK: VILLAGE / SLUM Accessibility of the area Co-operation of the community Collaboration with officials Existence of other National or State programmes.
PLANNING THE CSS PROGRAMME Fact finding Locating needs and resources Fixing priorities Setting up objectives Outlining the programme Eliciting people’s participation Collaborating with officials
RESOURCE MOBILIZATION Financial Other material Human
CAMPS IN THE ADOPTED AREAS It may not be possible to accomplish all the targets with the two hours / week allotted for CSS. Wherever intensive work is necessary, more time will need to be given. This can be done organizing camps in the project areas. ‘Orientation’ camps can be organized for short durations or probably as one day camps or week-end camps. For instance, the baseline survey can be completed during the first camp, which may provide ample time for the students and staff to get to know the community and leaders and to establish rapport, prior to data collection The good-will created between the CSS groups and the community will enable the students to be exposed to village/slum life and problems and provide a strong basis for mutual understanding.
S ELECTION OF P ROJECT There is a wide variety of programmes that can be undertaken through the CSS. These can be classified as: General project Subject matter oriented project and Camps for general and subject related project
G ENERAL PROJECT General project can be undertaken by all the groups of student irrespective of the subject matter studied. a. General common project a. Subject matter oriented project
S UBJECT COMMON PROJECT Tamil Phonetic training Write-ups for newspapers, radio talk Training in folklore and arts Preparation of news bulletin Writing Drama, skits and preparing visual aids. Organizing cultural programmes with educational bias Coaching weak students Contd..
S UBJECT COMMON PROJECT Tamil Study of social history Identification of monuments and inscriptions Adult literacy and adult education Translation Teaching customary morals from the Tamil literature Preservation of local historical monument Production and use of materials for neo-literates
English Survey of the literacy level in the community Conducting adult literacy classes Putting up exhibitions on English works Coaching weak students in the community Organising cultural activities with local bias Preparation teaching aids in English
English Composition songs poems and stories Write-ups on college function radio talk Preparation of news bulletin Writing skits for entertainment Teaching nursery rhymes in the balwadis Translation.
H INDI o Educating the community on the need for national integration o Teaching Hindi through songs and stories o Conducting short term courses in spoken Hindi o Write-ups for magazines o Translation o Preparation of teaching aids in Hindi o Compiling songs and poems o Writing stories for children
Socio-economic surveys-study of rural indebtedness Propaganda against social evils of drinking, gambling dowry, money lander Helping in family planning drives Grading commodities Education on how to detect food adulteration in order to enforce food laws E CONOMICS
E CONOMICS C ONTD. Formation of village development council Suggestion scheme of self employment of the unemployed Acting as a liaison between the village and public department and officials Organizing small saving drives.
C OMMERCE Educate rural people in banking, opening account with banks, used of cheques and drafts and using banks as mean of remittance of money Educated people regarding the availability of finance from bank under different interest rates and systems, specially to the weaker section Organized small shop for selling provision and vegetables, oil organize or assist the running of co-operatives credit societies, organize or assist the administration of co- operatives societies
C OMMERCE Arrange for marketing product produce in the village Promote cottage and village industries Organized small savings programmes Teach methods maintaining account/house hold and small business.
6. P HYSICS Demonstration of experiment which explain simple application Screening of film and filmstrips which will so scientific advancement Imparting practical knowledge relating to the erection, handling and maintenance of various appliance like leavers, pulleys, inclined planes, lactometers pumps and sprayers, thermos flasks, pressure cooker, solar ovens, torch light, switches, fuses, starters, petro max lamps, spectacles, electric iron, electric heaters, radios etc.
P HYSICS Organized science exhibition Tapping new sources of energy such as wind, power, solar energy and biogas plant Elements of photography, cinematography- recording and reproduction of sound.
Z OOLOGY Educate people on the need for health and hygiene Prevention of diseases and curative aspects Drinking water analysis and management Contribution of animal foods to nutrition and balance diet Marriage counseling based on genetics (Blood grouping), Rh factors and colour blindness Conduct blood groups surveys to enable villagers to become blood donors and receivers
7. Z OOLOGY Survey of incidence of cancer in the community and referral service. Education regarding hazards of population explosion Prevent propagation of the flies and harmful insect Eradication of rats, flies, mosquitoes and bats Preventions of cruelty to animals Wild life preservation.
M ATHAMETICS Collect statistical data through surveys Interpret collected data, correlated and forecast Conduct coaching classes in new and modern mathematics for village school children and teachers Help the village families to prepare family budgets Popularizes small saving schemes Explain the futility of the age-old system of borrowing from the indigenous money-lenders and the need for using co-operatives for getting financial assistance
M ATHAMETICS Examine the explain to the adopted community the viability of any cottage industry to be promoted which will suit their conditions Helping the community to make an intelligent use of such branches of mathematics like linear programming operation research and bio-mathematics Motivating pupils to take interest in Geometry through diagrams and models
C HEMISTRY Crop protection: Use of insecticides and pesticides and the precautions to prevent fatal accidents Control of soil condition-pH correcting chemicals-calcium, phosphorus etc Crop improvement: Demonstrate how to apply manure of the following types-Green, compost Synthetic mixtures based on soil condition and types of crops Micro nutrients Controlled used of water and water conservation
C HEMISTRY Use of farm waste: Poultry and sheep dung as fertilizers Cow dung as part of organic manure and Gobar gas production Procure safe drinking water: Demonstrate physical and chemical methods of purifying the drinking water supply Methods of conserving water from washing band laundering Household drainage linked to development of kitchen garden-Avoid formation of cess-pools in the neighborhood Housing Sites: Use of inexpensive local building materials-clay, lime etc.
B OTANY Liaison between farmers and authorities of agriculture departments in providing quality seeds and introducing new varieties of crops Assist the farmers in their agriculture operations such as weeding, harvesting and similar activities with the co-operpation of gramsevikas and gramsevaks Launch the save Grain campaign with the help of agriculture department Help individual families in raising kitchen gardens Help in setting up cottage industries based on village plant produce (e.g. making gur), local crop production and the help of khadi and village industries, Sarvodaya sangh etc.
Advice farmers in the application of manures, fungicides, pesticides and other materials to promotes better crops yield Explain to the rural families the various agriculture development programme of the government with the help of concerned authorities Introduce new crops which can be grown side with the main agriculture crop.Eg. Mushroom culture Develop a model farm Utilize sewage and other waste products by such process as composting Plants tress and shrubs of use to the farm such as bamboo, tanarind and similar plants B OTANY
H OME S CIENCE Inculcate civic sense and citizenship Bring about social enlightenment on the rights and responsibilities of individuals Economic uplift-Introduction of cottage industries Establishing co-operatives for capital and distribution of the products Leisure time activities Inculcation of the saving habit Home improvent-Maximum utilization of all resources particularly storage space Use of labour saving devices, ventilation, utilisation of waste water
H OME S CIENCE Nutritional improvement- locating foods needs, helping in school lunch programme, teaching improve methods of cooking, developing awareness of deficiency symptoms and their cure, awareness of, and involvement in existing, nutritional programmes Participation in developmental programmes care of children Balwadi Toys of Children
H OME S CIENCE Immunization of the children in the adopted community Primary School- Assisting in lunch programmes Mothers- Mahalir Manrams-sewing, tailoring classes Youth clubs Continuous education programme Helping to put up cultural programme Food production- Kitchen garden, School garden
H OME S CIENCE C ONTD.. Food storage practices Food preservation Eradication of household pests Tree planting, wherever possible Consumer education Consumer co-operatives, leisure time activities and worthwhile club activities
M USIC Revive folk music and arts such as kolattam, Nondi Chindu, Kummi, Folk Drama etc Celebrate festivals including music with percussion instruments Inculcate radio listening practices Familiarizes people with the music of great musicians Teaching school students the correct way of singing national songs Locate talented people in music and try to develop their tastes.
B IOCHEMISTRY Clinical and nutritional assessment of the community Soil analysis-Soil fertility map for the village Fertilizer analysis and preservation of fertilizers Prevention of adulteration Cowdung and other farm animal waste (excreta) to be used as organic fertilizers Gobar gas production Analysis of drinking water and irrigation water
B IOCHEMISTRY Physical and chemical methods of improving the water quality for washing, irrigation and potable purposes Simple methods to detect adulteration of foods, ands evaluate food for their shelf life Educate the rural community in the careful use of pesticides and first aid Care for accidental poisoning Periodical organisation of exhibitions on health, hygiene sand nutrition.
P SYCHOLOGY Measure the intelligence of rural children and correlate with their achievements Study the problems of achievers and how to raise their aspirations Educate mothers with child psychology and the importance of love and affection for children and about the drastic effects of neglect Help children to overcome their problems through child guidance Test their aptitudes and interest of adolescents and provide educational and vocational guidance Help the villagers to get rid of prejudice, bias and narrow parochial considerations Study the communications barriers Promote effective communications towards social change Help the rural; children develop good habits Motivate the rural population to create and maintain a better environment to live in Indentify talents among the children and foster them
E VALUATION PATTERN CREDIT – 1 [0.5] CIA +CE [25 + 25 = 50] +50 = 100 CIA for two semester Criteria Rapport building 5 Planning and preparation 5 Work execution and outcomes 10 Documentation 5 II CE at the end of the semester -2 hours