Presentation on theme: "Title = IR impact today What do we see today that is a result of the Industrial Revolution of the 1700s & 1800s?"— Presentation transcript:
Title = IR impact today What do we see today that is a result of the Industrial Revolution of the 1700s & 1800s?
Examine the Economic and Social Effects of the Agricultural Revolution on Europe
Starts in GB in 1750 Will last 150 years and beyond Why is the Industrial Revolution a “Revolution?” PERSIAGM… which is affected?
What do some (GB, USA, Germany) have that others (Poland, Italy, Spain) don’t?
Feudal Farming before 1700
Innovations Enclosure Farming comes after the innovations are made
Before 1700, you had this
Who wins? Who loses?
Population in GB 1700 = 5 million 1800 = 9 million Population in France 1715 = 18 million 1789 = 26 million Population in Europe 1715 = 120 million 1789 = 190 million
Chronicle the new inventions and resources needed to create an Industrialized country Analyze the reasons why GB is the birthplace of the IR
Every country needs a certain combination of ingredients to industrialize
Political Economic Religious Social Intellectual Geographic Military
Human (slave) Animals Water Steam is stronger… what invention do you need to make then?
1717 Thomas Newcomen Great Britain
1769 James Watt Scotland
AKA…AKA… –Rural household industry 2 Main Participants:2 Main Participants: –entrepreneur and rural worker
Scenario 1 Entrepreneur hires willing rural workers Entrepreneur provides : Raw materials Capital(?) Entrepreneur goes to + from the worker Scenario 2 Worker is his/her own boss
Entrepreneur = at first, but… Cottage system has a flaw… SLOW Demand increased faster than supply of cloth Solution… FACTORY SYSTEM
Textile…AKA Clothing What is needed for the textile factory to replace the cottage? (2 are in the pic) 1.Steam power 2.Workers 3.Inventions
1733 – John Kay (British) Made fabric 2x the speed of hand weavers
1769 Richard Arkwright GB Made thread faster
1774 James Hargreaves (GB) Also made thread faster
1779 Samuel Crompton (GB) Combined Waterframe + Spinning Jenny Made thread even faster Who is ?
1785, Edmund Cartwright, Great Britain
1793 Eli Whitney USA Big US1 Topic
GB is top cotton producer in the world 50% of GB’s foreign income comes from textiles Over 50% of world’s cotton cloth came from GB
What needs to move around faster? What forms of transportation are available early on during the Industrial Revolution? What problems exist with Solution?
Iron is needed for… –Railroads, Bridges and Skyscrapers Darby Family make improvements –Coal instead of wood… –Remove impurities for stronger iron What results –Make more Iron and faster –Iron cheaper and used more…
Grows in GB in 1820s Rest of Europe starts in 1840s
Richard Trevithick (GB) makes first locomotive…1804 George Stevenson’s (GB) “Rocket” in 1829 –Stevenson is leading producer of locomotives in Western World