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Title = IR impact today What do we see today that is a result of the Industrial Revolution of the 1700s & 1800s?

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Presentation on theme: "Title = IR impact today What do we see today that is a result of the Industrial Revolution of the 1700s & 1800s?"— Presentation transcript:

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2 Title = IR impact today What do we see today that is a result of the Industrial Revolution of the 1700s & 1800s?

3 Examine the Economic and Social Effects of the Agricultural Revolution on Europe

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7 Starts in GB in 1750 Will last 150 years and beyond Why is the Industrial Revolution a “Revolution?” PERSIAGM… which is affected?

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10 What do some (GB, USA, Germany) have that others (Poland, Italy, Spain) don’t?

11 Feudal Farming before 1700

12 Innovations Enclosure Farming comes after the innovations are made

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14 Before 1700, you had this 

15  Who wins?  Who loses?

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17 Population in GB 1700 = 5 million 1800 = 9 million Population in France 1715 = 18 million 1789 = 26 million Population in Europe 1715 = 120 million 1789 = 190 million

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24 Chronicle the new inventions and resources needed to create an Industrialized country Analyze the reasons why GB is the birthplace of the IR

25 Every country needs a certain combination of ingredients to industrialize

26 Political Economic Religious Social Intellectual Geographic Military

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29 Human (slave) Animals Water Steam is stronger… what invention do you need to make then?

30 1717 Thomas Newcomen Great Britain

31 1769 James Watt Scotland

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34 AKA…AKA… –Rural household industry 2 Main Participants:2 Main Participants: –entrepreneur and rural worker

35  Scenario 1  Entrepreneur hires willing rural workers  Entrepreneur provides :  Raw materials  Capital(?)  Entrepreneur goes to + from the worker  Scenario 2  Worker is his/her own boss

36  Entrepreneur = at first, but…    Cottage system has a flaw…  SLOW  Demand increased faster than supply of cloth  Solution…  FACTORY SYSTEM

37  Textile…AKA  Clothing  What is needed for the textile factory to replace the cottage? (2 are in the pic) 1.Steam power 2.Workers 3.Inventions

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40 1733 – John Kay (British) Made fabric 2x the speed of hand weavers

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44 1769 Richard Arkwright GB Made thread faster

45 1774 James Hargreaves (GB) Also made thread faster

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47 1779 Samuel Crompton (GB) Combined Waterframe + Spinning Jenny Made thread even faster Who is  ?

48 1785, Edmund Cartwright, Great Britain

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50 1793 Eli Whitney USA Big US1 Topic

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52 GB is top cotton producer in the world 50% of GB’s foreign income comes from textiles Over 50% of world’s cotton cloth came from GB

53 What needs to move around faster? What forms of transportation are available early on during the Industrial Revolution? What problems exist with  Solution?

54 Iron is needed for… –Railroads, Bridges and Skyscrapers Darby Family make improvements –Coal instead of wood… –Remove impurities for stronger iron What results –Make more Iron and faster –Iron cheaper and used more…

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56 Grows in GB in 1820s Rest of Europe starts in 1840s

57 Richard Trevithick (GB) makes first locomotive…1804  George Stevenson’s (GB) “Rocket” in 1829  –Stevenson is leading producer of locomotives in Western World

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64 Robert Fulton (USA) –“Clermont” in 1807

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75 e.com/2009 /09/16/the_ most_stupi d_invention s_30_pics.h tmlhttp://izismil e.com/2009 /09/16/the_ most_stupi d_invention s_30_pics.h tml

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