Presentation on theme: "The Uttarakhand Tragedy (16 th -17 th June,2013) Livelihood enhancement of Disaster Affected People/ Villages through simple science and technological."— Presentation transcript:
The Uttarakhand Tragedy (16 th -17 th June,2013) Livelihood enhancement of Disaster Affected People/ Villages through simple science and technological intervention : A case of Kedar Valley, Rudraprayag Distract,Uttarakhand R.K. Maikhuri and Prof. Annpurna Nautiyal G.B. Pant Institute for Himalaya Environment & Development, Garhwal Unit, Srinagar Garhwal, Uttarakhand (An autonomous Institute of Ministry of Environment,Forests and Climate Change), Govt. of India
Livelihood of the majority of the population in the upper Kedar valley- pilgrimage tourism based: Present scenario and overview of the region reveals – a minimum of 10-15 years may take to bring the pilgrimage tourism in its original conditions. Infrastructural development- Roads, bridges, shelters/houses, etc. Rehabilitation of the villages' from sliding /sinking zones Identification of an appropriate and viable livelihood options Capacity building/skill development and empowerment of disaster affected people particularly women Development of reconstruction strategies ( short term, medium term, long term) and intervention for sustainable development. Key Issues and Concerns
Dependence of local people on pilgrimage tourism in upper Kedar valley for livelihood /employment (before disaster ) S. No.Local people involved in diverse income generating activities Total number of people employed in each activity Average net profit earned by per employee (Rs±six month) 1Lodge/hotel owner431469562±17560 2Lodge/hotel employee108247370±1645 3Restaurant owner646255500±11350 4Restaurant employee233418522±1068 5Shop owner1215170500±7620 6Horse operator/owner480056450±1935 7Palanquin bearer (dandi)6844112500±5624 8Basket chair (kandi)1656116400±5280 9Priest53082400±2646 10Local tour/travel agencies252148000±6420 11Sweepers*60224000±756 12.Milk selling47240800±1425 13Fodder selling39219990±820 14Miscellaneous activities**1650028600±980 Total36756113613±4356*** *People from Bijnor and adjoining area of UP engaged in sanitation and cleaning services, **Fuelwood selling, flower selling, small tea shop, employee in helicopter services etc. *** Net average income of a person engaged in tourism activates
Lack of proper counseling of affected families/people and short and long term livelihood support Inadequate compensation package to families stricken by disaster Under-estimation/valuation of resources/ property/land etc. Loss of breadwinners, no employment opportunities and livelihood options Increased inaccessibility/remoteness due to disaster which limits mobility, leads to marginality and increased the prices of the common commodities No appropriate policy so far in place to support affected families for rehabilitation, reconstruction/repair, insurance, loaning, etc. Causes of frustration/depression among the disaster affected people
GBPIHED 1. Promotion of low cost protected cultivation for seasonal and off-seasonal vegetables and flower cultivation (gladiolus and lilium) 2.Integration of medicinal and aromatic plants cultivation along with horticulture between 2000-2800 m asl. 3. Promotion of fodder resources like Pennisetum purpureum, Desmodium, Pongolla, lollium etc in degraded land/waste land. 4. Rehabilitation/restoration of flooded/damaged rural landscape/ through fast growing and climate resilient MPTs such as Alnus nepalensis, Dalbergia sisso, Albizia lebbeck, Ficus auriculata, Celtis australis, Grewia oppositifolia, Morus serrata etc.oppositifolia 5.Low-cost water harvesting tank technology and spring sanctuary development in water deficit area. 6.Promotion of organic farming through bio & vermicomposting 7.Bioprospecting and value addition of wild resources and medicinal and aromatic plants 8. Promotion of local high altitude bamboo locally called ringal (Thamnocalamus falconeri and T. spathiflorus) based small cottage industries for the preparation of basket/mat/carpet etc. 9.Promotion of community based eco-tourism/nature tourism, home-stay accommodation and eco-tourism products development Suitable options for sustainable development of disaster affected villages/areas through simple technological interventions (CURRENT SCIENCE, VOL. 106, NO. 7, 10 APRIL 2014)
GBPIHED Rural Technology Centre (RTC) under 2 ha of village common land at Triuginarayan, Rudraprayag-for capacity/skill development
Income Generating Medicinal plants cultivation Cash crop cultivation Vegetable cultivation Fruit and vegetable processing Floriculture Nursery development Integrated fish farming Biobriquttee Zero energy cool chamber Bioprospecting of wild edible fruits SWEET (Sl oping Watershed Environmental Engineering Technology) Yield Increasing Vermicompost Vermiwash Biocomposting Protected cultivation ( Polyhouse, Polypit, Net house) Technologies demonstrated at RTC
GBPIHED Capacity building/Skill development and Empowerment of local people particularly women folk Organized five on-site capacity building training programme between 2013 – 2014 (May) on livelihood improvement, cost-effective technologies for income generation and natural resource management through which a total of 260 participants were trained.
GBPIHED Capacity building and Empowerment of disaster affected people of Kedar Valley
People perception on livelihoods and development options— Kalimath village-cluster Motorable road from Masta- Kalimath –Chamosi to kedarnath Repair and maintenance of all damaged roads and bridges on priority basis connecting to villages such as Chilond, Bhunkhi and Rankot Promotion of cash crops,horticulture (apple, citrus, walnuts ) and selected medicinal plants Establishment of small fruit processing unit particularly for citrus ( Malta) Promotion of protected cultivation for off season vegetables production (polyhouses) Dairy production and products development through introduction of high yielding breeds of cow and buffalos Promotion of sheep and goat rearing and wool based cottage industry development Promotion of nature/rural/eco-tourism/adventurous tourism together with home stay Quality education, better health facilities and employment opportunities to check out migration
GBPIHED Nursery of high value -low volume Medicinal and Aromatic Plant Species
GBPIHED Model demonstration on Integration of Herbal plant cultivation with horticulture
GBPIHED Livelihood and income generation through value addition of Wild edibles The potential wild bioresources are utilized as a source of income and livelihood enhancement of rural people by making a variety of value added edible products such as jam, squash, juice, sauce, pickle etc. A small bioprospecting unit at the RTC helping in processing of locally available bioresources. More than 165 families in eight villages of upper Kedar valley have adopted value addition of wild edible resources as a viable source of income generation.
Developing capacities of local people in value added products development from locally available bio-resources
GBPIHED Capacity building and skill development in bio-resource based value added products development for income generation
Capacity building and demonstration of improved technique of composting (vermicomposting, biocomposting and vermiwash)
Adoption of low-cost protected cultivation Cont.
Model on degraded land rehabilitation at Banswara ( 6ha)– washed away
GBPIHED Acknowledgement We are very thankful to ICSSR, Govt. of India and G. B. Pant Institute of Himalayan Environment and Development for providing financial support and facilities. We are very thankful to ICSSR, Govt. of India and G. B. Pant Institute of Himalayan Environment and Development (An autonomous Institute of Ministry of Environment,Forests and Climate Change), Govt. of India for providing financial support and facilities.