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Industrial Revolution

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Presentation on theme: "Industrial Revolution"— Presentation transcript:

1 Industrial Revolution
10.3 Students analyze the effects of the Industrial Revolution in England, France, Germany, Japan, and the United States.

2 Industrial Revolution Preview
The Industrial Revolution began around Prior to that, life in Europe was feudal (and futile). In order to understand the changes, consider a pair of pants. How many jobs can you think of that are related to a pair of Levis.

3 Quickwrite What do you know about farming?
What does a farmer have to do? What can a farmer do to improve his/her production (to grow more crops). What outside factors can influence this production? What was farming like in the middle ages?

4 Dramatization Farming in the Middle Ages
I need a few volunteers. Stand in the front of the room and strike poses like people in the picture. Who are you? What are you doing? Where do you live? How long have you been working? Why are you working? What is the most difficult aspect of your work? What is the easiest? What do you do with all the food?

5 Farming in the Middle Ages
organized into farming villages. grew their own food. Villagers made decisions together (communally). Land was usually worked on a four year plan (yr. 1- livestock, year 2- wheat, yr. 3- oats, yr. 4- fallow) Determined by the lord of the manor. Fields were divided into strips (no fences divided land). What are some advantages and disadvantages to the methods described on the left? Disadvantages- Land use is inefficient and farmers didn’t experiment with new farming methods. Barely enough food is produced for the people. Answers behind picture.

6 Visualization Draw a visualization that shows the ideas represented in your notes so far.

7 Industrial Revolution
Analyze why England was the first country to industrialize. You may work on your homework “Dawn of the Industrial Age” and “Britain Leads the Way”

8 The Agricultural Revolution Big Ideas!!!!
How did Enlightenment thinking contribute to the Agricultural Revolution? Think, pair, share- How can science influence agriculture? What were some weakness in the old agricultural methods? (Causes) What could happen if farming methods improved (Effects)? (hypothesis)

9 Advancement #1- Crop Rotation
Look at your previous notes? What do you think might be the benefits of crop rotation?

10 Crop Rotation Benefits
All land is used all of the time (no part is fallow) Difficult for parasites to take hold of a crop. The soil is replenished with different minerals (clover, alfalfa and peas help the soil by increasing nitrogen, etc).

11 Advancement #2 (Seed Drill)
Seed Drill- A farmer could plant seed at equal intervals, thereby reducing the amount of seed needed to produce the same amount of crops (food).

12 Advancement #3 (New Crops- some from America)
Corn and Potatoes- corn and potatoes offer a lot of calories (energy) in relatively little area. Cereal Crops- wheat and barley

13 Effects of the Agricultural Revolution
Rotating crops allowed for more efficient use of land. More efficient land use meant not as many people were needed to labor for food. Peasants became hired laborers, or farmhands. The transformation meant the end of communal decision-making; it became heirarchical (boss/worker) Surplus of food, labor, and time!!!

14 Are these changes good or bad (judgement)?
Pros Cons

15 Why Britain? Did you see the debates? What did you think? Questions?
Take a few minutes to work on your homework- (due tomorrow) Moodle- due Sunday

16 Economic Conditions Trade with the Americas and Asia brought increased wealth to Britain. The slave trade, fish, lumber, and precious metals were making some people very wealthy.

17 Energy for the Revolution- Coal!
What do you see in this slide? What are the black rocks? What other sources of energy do you see? What do you think are some possible uses of steam energy?

18 Coal Mines Coal and water powered steam engines.

19 Technology-Steam Engines
Initially used to power waterwheels, James Watt makes a Newcomen Steam Engine that operates a piston enclosed in a cylinder. The steam engine had many uses- pump mines, move wheels, power mills.

20 Industrial Revolution
What do you see? What would it feel like? Iron is much stronger than wood. Smelting process removed some impurities. Railroads, trains, machines, wheels, factories, etc.

21 Effect of Iron and Coal Huge growth in Coal industry (England has an abundance.) No longer dependent on water for transportation. Industry begins to build more wealth- larger middle and upper class. New capital leads to increased purchasing power and greater demands.

22 Stable Government Relative peace, religious tolerance, and constitutional monarchy made for a government.

23 Conditions are right for the Industrial Revolution to Begin in Britain
Stable government and trade with world ($). Resources- food, coal, iron, labor Technology- water mills, steam engines, smelting Time

24 CA Standard in this Lesson
Examine how scientific and technological changes and new forms of energy brought about massive social, economic, and cultural change (e.g., the inventions and discoveries of James Watt, Eli Whitney, Henry Bessemer, Louis Pasteur, Thomas Edison). Understand the connections among natural resources, entrepreneurship, labor, and capital in an industrial economy.

25 FunWrite You are a pre-industrial artisan.
Your task is to produce a piece of stationery using only pens, pencils and a ruler. It must have 3 holes to fit in a binder and it should be artistically adorned. (Be precise and artistic).

26 Volunteer Now I need a volunteer to use the whole punch to punch holes in 30 papers simultaneously.

27 Cottage Industry (a. k. a. the Putting Out System) vs
Cottage Industry (a.k.a. the Putting Out System) vs. the Factory System How did you feel as an artisan crafting your product? What are some advantages and disadvantages to this method? What are the advantages and disadvantages to the hole punch method? Overall, is the hole punch an improvement? Explain.

28 Quickwrite What advantage does Britain have because they are the first to industrialize?

29 Cottage Industry Review
New demand for finished goods (clothes) leads to a need for people to produce them. A “cottage industry” (a.k.a. putting out) springs up to meet the demand. Merchants run wool to thread makers to fabric makers to dyers to seamstresses. Capitalism Develops- Economic system based on supply and demand.

30 Cottage Industry vs. Factory
For each of the following pairs of pictures, try to pick out the “Cottage Industry vs. the Factory” Write down key words for each slide that you feel helps distinguish between the two. At the end of the slides, compare your terms with a neighbor and come up with definitions for “Cottage Industry” and “Factory Work.”

31 Slide One- Key Terms??? Slide A Slide B

32 Slide Two- Terms? Slide A Slide B

33 Slide Three- Similarities??
Slide A Slide B

34 Slide Four- Notice the Feet
Slide A Slide B

35 Slide Five- Children? Slide A Slide B

36 Definition Pair up and compare. Did you both make the same choices?
Compare your key terms. Write a definition of “Cottage Industry” and “Factory System”

37 Factory System- Assembly Lines
Clear off ten desks and place them facing one another with room for me to walk between them. I need 10 volunteers. I will now give you some materials with which to work. You may only use what I give you. Those who are not “on the line” fill in behind and record your observations.

38 Stick Figure Drawings The first person in each row will draw a head/body. The second will draw the face. The third will draw the arms and legs. The 4th draws the hands. The last draws the feet. They must look like the picture to the right.

39 Debrief Make a T-Chart and label one side “in class and the other “in history” What happened in class? List 5 things that you witnessed in the simulation. What is the historic equivalent for each of these observations? In class In history

40 Debrief Did you enjoy the activity?
What did you like or dislike about it? What feelings did you experience? How did it feel to be fired? How did the different workers feel? Closure: What did you learn about labor (working) during the early days of industrialization in America? What could workers do if they wanted to change this situation?

41 Inference Why do you think so many of the factory workers pictured were women and children?

42 Classwork Read Pgs. 204-205 as a class.
Classwork- Work on your Industrial Revolution Study Guide (due Thursday).

43 Week in Review The period between 1750 and 1850 has been called a turning point in history. Based on our discussions and reading this week, do you think it really was a turning point? Explain why.

44 Quickwrite What single event or invention do you think is most important to the beginning of the industrial revolution? What do you think is the most important invention of all time? Explain.

45 Quickwrite- Textile Industry and Factory System
What do you see in this picture? What do you think is being made in the factories? What are advantages over the cottage industry? What is in the cart?

46 Machines Improve Textile Factories
Spinning Jenny- Spins 16 threads at a time. (James Hargreaves) Water Frame- Spins yarn better than spinning wheels. (Richard Arkwright) The Mule- Combines the spinning jenny and the water frame to create The MULE (a mule is a crossbred animal). Cotton Gin- Separated seeds from cotton. (Eli Whitney)

47 How Workers are Effected
Workers are no longer Craftsmen or craftswomen, they are factory laborers trained in a specific (often unskilled) task. Employers control working hours, wages and working conditions.

48 Liar’s Club Today we will play the Liar’s Club Game.
One person will be telling the truth and three will be fibbing. Can you pick the real story?

49 Quickwrite Take out your notes from yesterday.
Do you have everything completed? What questions do you have?

50 QuickWrite What is Supply and Demand? What is capitalism?
On the booth at the right, his sign says “Get your Capitalism Stinx” T-Shirt here Only $18.95. What is the irony in this comic?

51 Quickwrite- to help with Moodle tomorrow!
Read pg. 205 in the text book. Now bullet some notes about a day in the life of a factory worker in 1750. How is factory work in 1750 similar to school today?

52 A Comic Moment Who is pictured?
How do the characters feel? How do you know? What is the humor in this comic? Explain. What knowledge, or cultural awareness, do you need in order to understand the humor? During the video write down 3 positive influences of the I.R.

53 Transportation in the Industrial Revolution
What do you see? How are people dressed? What would it sound like?

54 Demand for Transportation
Increased trade increased demand for transportation. More natural resources were needed from the mines and fields. More product needed to get to market. What form of transportation (supply) might meet this demand?

55 Canals, Roads and Railroads Which do you think would be most effective
Canals, Roads and Railroads Which do you think would be most effective? Why?

56 Railroads Expand 1830- 70 miles of railroad 1840- 4,500 miles
Railroads are cheaper and faster than roads or canals! Volunteers???

57 Act it out! Move furniture to make a train.
I need a conductor, engineer, passengers. What are you doing? Where are you going? Why do you like the train?

58 More REsources

59 Investigating the Effects of the Industrial Revolution
Today you will be an English Journalist investigating the effects of the Industrial Revolution. Rotate from station to station (5-7 minutes at each) and examine the information. Take notes and sketch on Student Handout 2.2C.

60 Quickwrite If you missed the quiz, please take it now.
Homework this Week Read pgs Write an editorial for one Industrial Revolution topic. (due Wed.) Choose one Bold Red Heading from the reading and write a 5 W (who, what, when, where, why) article. (Moodle-Thursday) Word Process work this week. (for newspaper) Write down one new thing you learn in The video and one thing you already knew. Be prepared to share.

61 Industrial Revolution Activity
In your group, finish any final positive or negative boxes. Complete the final column- things that will address the negatives in column two.

62 Writing an editorial Take out the chart of your notes on the Industrial Revolution. Look at the rubric. View the model editorials. While you write today, I will come around and credit you for your notes. Editorial Model:

63 Please Write Well

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