Geography Location: Central Europe (Hungary occupies the low-lying areas of the Carpathian basin. Area: 93,030 square km Climate: Continental with Mediterranean and Atlantic influences (Average temperatures: January -2C, July 23C Longest rivers: Danube, Tisza Largest lake: Balaton Highest peak: Kékes (1015 m= 33.83 ft)
A Few Facts About Hungary 1. Hungary is part of the European Union. The capital of Hungary is Budapest (2 million inhabitants) The money used is called the forint. The population of Hungary is 9,956,108. The language spoken is Hungarian.
A Few Facts About Hungary 2. Established: 1001 (by King Stephen I.) Country name: Republic of Hungary Government type: Parliamentary Democracy Religions: Roman Catholic 51.9%, Calvinist 15.9%, Lutheran 3%, Greek Catholic 2.6%, other Christian 1%, other or unspecified 11.1%, unaffiliated 14.5%
People Hungarians are very mixed nation! With various other groups as successive waves of Slavic,Romanians, Croats, Serbs, Germans and Turks migrated to and/or invaded the area. Hungarian people come in all shapes and sizes. They all have different styles and types of hair/eyes/skins.
Let’s learn some hungarian words! YES - IGEN NO – NEM HELLO! - SZIA! CHEERS – EGÉSZSÉGEDRE! GOOD MORNING! - JÓ REGGELT! GOOD AFTERNOON! - JÓ NAPOT! THANK YOU! - KÖSZÖNÖM! GOOD BYE - VISZONTLÁTÁSRA EXCUSE ME/I’M SORRY - BOCSÁNAT
Paprika Hungary is a major source of high-quality paprika from sweet (mild, not hot) with a deep bright red colour.
Pálinka Pálinka is the generic name for the fiery fruit brandy often distilled by peasants from home- grown plums, apricots and pears.
Unicum Unicum is a special blend of herbs and spices that Hungarians swear by as an aid to digestion, among many other things.
Tokaji Aszú The Tokaji Aszú, world-famous dessert wine of Hungary. The region is noted for its sweet wines made from grapes affected by noble rot a style of wine which has a long history in this region.
Goose liver or “foie gras” Hungary is the world's second-largest foie gras "Libamáj" producer and the largest exporter. Goose liver is part of traditional Hungarian cuisine and a must try when visiting the country.
Pick “Winter” Salami For more than 130 years the Pick Company has been creating unique flavours and unforgettable treats with its top-quality products. Pick Winter Salami is the company's most famous product.
Szamos Marcipán The gourmet marzipan/chocolate of Hungary.
Túró Rudi A sweet chocolate bar filled with lemony cottage cheese. The bar comes in different flavours like apricot, strawberry,coconut or peanut butter but these are not as popular as the original.
Herend Porcelain This Hungarian manufacturing company specializes in luxury hand painted and gilded porcelain. Founded in 1826, it is based in the town of Herend.
Mangalica Mangalica or Mangalitsa is a breed of pig grown especially in Hungary. Mangalica's genes allow it to produce some of the world's best meat and fat.
Hungarian grey cattle This is an old beef cattle breed from Hungary. Although nowadays Hungarian grey cattle are kept mainly as tourist attractions in the Hortobágy National Park.
Racka sheep The Racka is a breed of sheep known for its unusual spiral- shaped horns. Originating in Hungary, the Racka has existed since at least the 1800, when the first registry was established. It is a hardy, multi-purpose breed used for milking, wool and meat.
Puli The Puli is an ancient breed of Hungarian sheep dog. It is medium-sized, sturdy with a unique corded coat.
Hungarian Vizsla The Hungarian Vizsla was also known as the Hungarian Pointer. This is an active, energetic working dog with enormous stamina.
Hungarian cuisine Hungarian cuisine has been influenced by the French, Germans, Italians and Turks, Polish, Slavs and Asians. Dishes are flavourful, spicy and often even heavy.
Puszta (Hortobágy) Puszta is a steppe biome on the Great Hungarian Plain around the River Tisza in the eastern part of Hungary as well as on the western part of Hungary The Hungarian puszta is an enclave of the Eurasian Steppe. The word means "plains", a vast wilderness of grass and bushes. The climate is continental. Landscape is widely cultivated, the original Puszta landscape now being found only in a few places, for example in Hortobágy.
Thermal Water (Wellness turism) Hungary has an estimated 1,300 thermal springs. Hungary's thermal waters and spa culture are promoted to tourists. Only France, Japan, Iceland, and Italy have similar thermal water capacity. Hungary's thermal baths have been used for 2,000 years for cleansing, relaxation and easing aches and pains. The Romans were the first to use Hungary's thermal waters in the first century, when they built baths on the banks of the Danube River.
Budapest Budapest is the capital of Hungary. As the largest city of Hungary, it is the country's principal political, cultural, commercial, industrial, and transportation centre with around 2 million inhabitants. Budapest has many touristic attractions!
Wine turism Hungarian wine has a history dating back to at least Roman times. Outside of Hungary, the best-known wines are the white dessert wine Tokaji and the red wine Bull's Blood of Eger (Egri Bikavér). Tokaj, Villány & Szekszárd, Eger and the wine regions around Lake Balaton (Badacsony) are the most suitable for wine tourism in Hungary.
Farsang Farsang traditionally focused on the feast of end of winter (end of February). These days school children often dress up in costumes similar to Halloween costumes and have fun competitions, adults often attend very elegant and expensive balls in beautiful buildings.
Easter The two, most known customs of Easter are the "sprinkling" and the egg-painting. Both are very common in both urban and rural areas, among people of every age-group.
Name Days Hungarians not only have birthday, but nameday as well. Birthdays are usually celebrated just in immediate family. Namedays, however are widely known and celebrated. Each acceptable first name is assigned to one or more days of the calendar.
Hungarian Names Another interesting fact is that in Hungary the first name is the last and the last is the first. It means you should change your first and last name to fit Hungarian customs. Famous composer Bela Bartok was called Bartok Bela in Hungarian.
Rubik Cube The Rubik’s Cube was developed in 1975 by Ernö Rubik, a Hungarian professor of mathematics.
Ferenc Puskas Ferenc Puskás was a Hungarian footballer and manager. He scored 84 goals in 85 international matches for Hungary, and 514 goals in 529 matches in the Hungarian and Spanish leagues. The top scorer of the 20th century, he was voted one of the greatest football players of all time by World Soccer magazine.
Vitamin C Albert Szent-Györgyi was awarded Nobel Prize in1937 in Medicine "for his discoveries in connection with the biological combustion processes, with special reference to vitamin C.
Nobel Price Hungary has 18 Nobel Price Scientists
Hungaroring The Hungaroring is a racing circuit in Mogyoród, near Budapest, Hungary where the Formula One Hungarian Grand Prix is held in every summer.
Pornography Hungary is noted for having liberal pornography laws, cheap manufacturing costs, pretty women and more natural appearance of its performers that’s why Hungary is famous for pornography all over the world.
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