Presentation on theme: "Singular, Plural, Collective, and Possessive Nouns"— Presentation transcript:
1Singular, Plural, Collective, and Possessive Nouns
2One author wrote a great book. A singular noun names a person, place thing, or idea. A plural noun names more than one person, place, thing or idea.One author wrote a great book.(singular nouns)Some authors write a number of books. (plural nouns)
3Forming Plural Nouns Singular Rule Sample Plural shirt, hat Add –s to most nounsshirts, hatsbush, mixAdd –es to nouns ending ins, ss, sh, ch, x, or zbushes, mixesalto, cello, pianoradioecho, heroAdd –s to musical words ending in oAdd –s to nouns when the letter o is preceded by a vowelAdd –es to nouns when the letter o is preceded by a consonantaltos, cellos, pianosradiosechoes, heroesmonkey, daypony, fly,Add –s to nouns when the letter y is preceded by a vowelAdd –ies to nouns when the letter y is preceded by a consonantmonkeys, daysponies, fliesshelf, kniferoof, cuffChange the f to a v and add –es to most nouns that end in f or feAdd –s to a few nouns that end in f or feshelves, knivesroofs, cuffssheep, tuna, deerSome nouns keep the same spellingwoman, footThe plural forms of some nouns are irregularwomen, feet
4Collective NounsCollective noun is the name of a number (or collection) of people, animals, or things taken together and spoken of as one whole. For example, in the phrase "a pride of lions", pride is a collective noun.
7Collective Nouns Practice 1. The team is/are headed to the nationals since winning the state finals. 2. The speech and drama team was/were happy with their performances to the judge. 3. Nearly 25% of the population is/are Muslim. 4. The OMS faculty meets/meet on Monday afternoons to discuss student concerns. 5. Our OMS staff works/work hard to meet their goals and deadlines.
8Collective Nouns Answers –Practice Questions 1. The team is headed to the nationals since winning the state finals. Team is being used as a unit so a singular verb is required.
9Collective Nouns Answers –Practice Questions 2. The speech and drama team were happy with their presentations to the judge. Team is plural because separate presentations were given. Also, when the plural their is used, the implication is that the collective noun is being used as a plural.
10Collective Nouns Answers –Practice Questions 3. Nearly 25% of the population is Muslim. The word population is a collective noun that can take either a singular or plural verb, depending on the intention of the author. The intention here is to indicate that this percentage represents a single group.
11Collective Nouns Answers –Practice Questions 4. The OMS faculty meets on Monday afternoons to discuss student concerns. Faculty, a collective noun, is acting as a single unit in this sentence.
12Collective Nouns Answers-Practice Questions 5. Our OMS staff work hard to meet their goals and deadlines. Their is a clue that staff is not acting as a unit. Therefore, the plural work is needed.
13Make a list of ten singular nouns. Exchange papers and write the plural form of each noun.
14Bell RingerCorrect any misspellings in the following sentence:Before the autumn leafs began to fall, I took photoes of donkies, gardens of radishs, and other things we don’t see in the citys.
15Bell Ringer AnswersCorrect any misspellings in the following sentence:Before the autumn leaves began to fall, I took photos of donkeys, gardens of radishes, and other things we don’t see in the cities.
16Possessive NounsA noun that shows ownership or possession is called a possessive noun.Possessive nouns can be singular or plural.
17Using Possessive Nouns A good way to check whether a noun is possessive is to try using the noun in a whose question. For example, Molly’s boots are new. Molly’s is possessive because we can ask, “Whose boots are new?” We then receive the possessive noun answer, “Molly’s”
18Forming Possessive Nouns To Form PossessiveExamplesMost singular nounsAdd an apostrophe and -s (‘s)Karen has new skis.Karen’s skis are new.Singular nounsending in -sAdd an apostrophe (‘s)Chris got new skis last year.Chris’s skis are in the attic.Plural nounsAdd an apostrophe (‘)Many skiers wear goggles.The skiers’ goggles are sturdy.Plural nouns notEnding in -sThe men have warm sweaters.The men’s sweaters are warm.
19Using Possessive Nouns Use a possessive noun to shorten the phrase.the flight of the geese geese’s flightthe cries of the children children's crieswool from the sheep sheep’s woolthe cottage of the family family’s cottagethe sting of a wasp wasp’s stingthe wings of butterflies butterflies’ wings
20Creative Writing Using Possessive Nouns Imagine you recently spent an afternoon exploring a relative’s attic. Write a friendly letter to a cousin telling him or her about the interesting items you found. Mention some items and their original owners, such as grandparents, aunts, or uncles. Underline at least five possessive nouns in the letter.