Presentation on theme: "К 255-летию со дня рождения Роберта Бернса Шотландская мелодия - волынка,флейта и скрипка - прекрасная музыка(из к ф Храброе сердце) (audiopoisk.com).mp3."— Presentation transcript:
К 255-летию со дня рождения Роберта Бернса Шотландская мелодия - волынка,флейта и скрипка - прекрасная музыка(из к ф Храброе сердце) (audiopoisk.com).mp3 Шотландская мелодия - волынка,флейта и скрипка - прекрасная музыка(из к ф Храброе сердце) (audiopoisk.com).mp3
Robert Burns, Scotland's national poet, was born on January 25, 1759, in a small clay cottage at Alloway, in Ayrshire, Scotland. His father, William Burns, was a poor farmer. He built this small clay cottage with his own hands. There were seven children in the family, and Robert was the eldest.
Имя при рождении:Robert Burness (до 1786 года)1786 года Дата рождения:25 января 175925 января1759 Место рождения:Аллоуэй, Эйршир, ШотландияАллоуэйЭйрширШотландия Дата смерти:21 июля 1796) (37 лет), Дамфрис21 июля1796 Гражданство: Великобритания Великобритания Род деятельности:ПоэтПоэт Годы творчества:1774—179617741796 Направление:Романтизм Жанр:Стихотворения, поэмы, песни, баллады,Стихотворенияпоэмыпеснибаллады Язык произведений:Шотландский (скотс), английскийШотландский (скотс)английский Дебют: O, Once I Lov’d a Bonnie Lass (1774)1774 Подпись:
His father knew the value of a good education, and he tried to give his children the best education he could afford. Robert was sent to school at the age of six, but as his father could not pay for the two sons, Robert and his brother Gilbert attended school in turn. When not at school, the boys helped their father with his work in the fields. When the teacher left, the poet's father taught the children himself.
William Burns died in February 1784. Later Robert Burns wrote about his father in his verses
Robert's mother knew many' Scottish songs and ballads and often sang them to her son in his childhood. His mother's friend Betty told Robert many fantastic tales about devils, fairies and witches. Burns's mother died in 1820. She lived long and enjoyed the fame of her poet son. Some of Robert Burns's lyrical poems became very popular as songs all over the world, for example "A Red, Red Rose" Eddi Reader - My Love Is Like A Red Red Rose (audiopoisk.com).mp3Eddi Reader - My Love Is Like A Red Red Rose (audiopoisk.com).mp3
Burns became fond of reading. He read whatever he could lay his hands on. His favourite writers were Shakespeare, Sterne, Smollett, and Robert Fergusson, a talented Scottish poet. Fergusson's tragic fate deeply touched Burns. Burns devoted many verses to Fergusson. Robert Burns began to write poetry when he was fifteen. He composed verses to the melodies of old folk- songs, which he had admired from his early childhood. He sang of the woods, fields and wonderful valleys of his native land.
After William Burns's death the family moved to Mossgiel, where Robert and his brother Gilbert rented a small farm. The young men worked hard, but the land gave poor crops. The family began to live worse. Just at that time Burns fell in love with Jean Armour and was going to marry her, but the girl's father did not want to have a poor peasant for his son-in-law. Seeing that there was no way for a poor peasant to earn his living in Scotland, Burns decided to sail for Jamaica. To get some money for his passage, he published some of his poems. Six hundred copies of "Poems Chiefly in the Scottish Dialect" were printed in Kilmarnock in July 1786. Their success was complete. The edition was quickly sold out and Robert Burns became well known and popular.
Instead of going to Jamaica, Burns went to Edinburgh, the capital of Scotland. He had received a letter from several Edinburgh scholars, who praised his verses and invited him to come to the capital. In Edinburgh Burns was welcomed as one of the "wonders of the world". A new and enlarged edition of his poems was the result. But soon Edinburgh society grew tired of him and forgot about the poet. Robert Burns left Edinburgh and returned to his native village with money enough to buy a farm and marry Jean Armour.
Though Burns's poems were very popular, he always remained poor. He worked hard on his farm. But in 1791 Burns went bankrupt and had to sell the farm. He became a customs officer in the town of Dumfries. The work was hard, and it destroyed the poet's health. He died in poverty at the age of thirty- seven. Burns was buried in Dumfries. His funeral was attended by a crowd of ten thousand. They were the common Scottish people whom he had loved and for whom he had written his poems and songs.
The poetry and songs of Robert Burns are famous all over the world. Burns is very dear to many Russian people. Some of his poems are made into songs. These songs are very familiar to you. Let`s listen to one of them. Алиса Фрейндлих - В моей душе покоя нет (audiopoisk.com).mp3 Алиса Фрейндлих - В моей душе покоя нет (audiopoisk.com).mp3
Памятник поэту в Лондоне Александр Градский - В полях под снегом и дождем (audiopoisk.com).mp3 Александр Градский - В полях под снегом и дождем (audiopoisk.com).mp3
The Scottish people love Robert Burns and every year on the 25-th of January they celebrate his birthday. This day is considered the national holiday. The lovers of his poetry hold parties on which they recite his verses and sing old Scottish folk-songs. This party is called Burns supper or Burns Night.
People all over the world love Robert Burns. His poems inspired many British and foreign poets. The first translations of his poems appeared in our country in the 19th century. A lot of his poems have been translated since that time.