Presentation on theme: "Author: J.D. Salinger Published: 1951"— Presentation transcript:
1 Author: J.D. Salinger Published: 1951 The Catcher in the RyeAuthor: J.D. SalingerPublished: 1951
2 Jerome David (J.D.) Salinger Served in WWIILiterary recluse - rarely granted interviews, none after 1980Wrote several short stories and books about young adults and the process of growing upThe Catcher in the Rye = most famous and notorious workIntroduction
3 The Catcher in the Rye: Stats published in 1951has sold over 65 million copies worldwidewas popular with college students before literary critics found merit in itTime Magazine named it one of the best novels of 20th centuryfrequently challenged and banned in libraries and schools because of talk of sex and excessive bad languageIntroduction
5 The Catcher in the Rye: Why we picked it Holden is (arguably) a near perfect sketch of an American teenager - one that still holds true today.You will see bits of yourself or your friends in Holden. (I dare you not to.)Introduction
7 Characters Holden Caulfield, age 16 D.B. - Holden's older brother who isa "sellout" Hollywood writerAllie - Holden's younger brother who died previous year of leukemiaPhoebe - Holden's innocent but wise younger sisterStradlater and Ackley - classmates who act as foils for HoldenJane and Sally - girls Holden has dated or is interested in datingIntroduction
8 Point of View and Author Style First-person Limited - we only see Holden's point of view (key question: is he a reliable narrator?)Stream of Consciousness - the book sounds like the stream of thoughts running through your headDialect - Salinger replicates the dialect of a teenage boythe language is controversial, but this makes it more believableIntroduction
9 Setting Pencey Prep: Holden’s boarding school New York City: a little bit of everythingIntroduction
10 Basic Plot: What to Expect Holden has been expelled from his private high schoolInstead of going straight home, he detours through NYC, trying his hand at being an adultEvents and issues include: school, teachers, music, sex, alcohol, hypocrisy, family, being a teenager, and growing upIntroduction
11 Symbols to look for… Carousel Red hunting cap Baseball Allie's Catcher'smittDucks in CentralPark PondMuseum ofNatural HistoryPencey PrepThe catcher in the ryeIntroduction
12 Themes to watch…Holden’s Journey through young adulthood: growing up and what that means, including:Loss of Innocence - bildungsromanStruggle for IdentityDisgust with Adult Hypocrisy (the phony people)Alienation as a Form of Protection, including:Anger as a Shield Against PainConfrontation of FearConfusion surrounding Love and Sexuality, including:Elusion of LoveFear of Intimacy and HomosexualityGuiltIntroduction
13 Quick Writing: Respond Put yourself into Holden’s shoes. What would you do if you were expelled from school, had a little money to spend, and knew that your parents would not expect you home for two days?Please keep your responses school appropriate. ( Even though Holden doesn't...I don't want to have to report you!) O_0Introduction
15 Activity 1: Characterization Terminology Review:ProtagonistAntagonistDynamicStaticStereotypeExternal ConflictInternal ConflictFoilThe main character (not always the “good guy”)The character working against the main characterChanging, growing personalityUnchanging personality, doesn’t learn anythingGoing along with common impressions or expectationsMan vs: Man/Machine, Society, Nature/Animal, Fate/DestinyMan vs Self (making moral decisions)Character who provides direct contrast to another character
16 Activity 1: Characterization Instructions:Complete each section of the character analysis sheet for Holden.Complete each section of the worksheet on foils, regarding Ackley and Stradlater.You may work in pairs, but each person must turn in a paper.
17 Activity 2: Author Style Stream of Consciousnessnarration which follows the unedited thoughts of the speakerusually seems jumbled, but relies on association of thoughts and ideaslook at the ideas right before and right after a passage to discover how the narrator arrived at the topic – what reminded him of his current thought?This style often seems immature – why might Salinger have used it anyways?Other Examples from LiteratureJames Joyce, Virginia Woolf, William Faulkner, Jack Kerouac
18 Activity 2: Author Style Narrator and ReliabilityFirst person: uses I: “I walked down the hallway and waved to my friend.”Second person: uses you: “So you are walking down the hallway, and you see one of your friends.”Third person: uses she or he: “She walked the hallway, searching for a familiar face.”ReliabilityCan you trust the narrator’s perception of people and events?Is the narrator honest with himself and others?
19 Activity 2: Author Style DialectLocal language: coke, pop, sodaSlang: text speak, age-related languageCursing: mild to extremeConsiderDoes the dialect show setting, including place and time period?Does it show characterization?Is it realistic?
20 Activity 2: Author Style Instructions:On your own, complete the worksheet on stream of consciousness, using your book as needed.When I tell you to form groups, discuss whether Holden is a reliable narrator, and whether the dialect sounds like a real teenager. Provide at least four points to each argument, with quotes from the book to back up your opinions.
21 Activity 3: Symbolism Symbols: Visual representations of words or ideasSome have the same meaning for the majority of peopleBut others can mean different things for different people
22 Activity 3: Symbolism Instructions: Complete the chart for each symbol, including a physical description from the book, and your own explanation of what the symbol means to the book.With a partner, discuss which symbols might be most important to the work.
23 Activity 4: Theme The Hero’s Journey by gloveandboots What is Holden’s quest? What is hesearching for?The innocence of childhoodHolden wants everything to stay the same as when he was younger – he isn’t ready to grow up.The elusion of loveHolden is dying for someone to love him – parents, friends, girlfriends, prostitutes. He finally settles on imaginary children.The struggle for identity (bildungsroman)Holden doesn’t yet know who he wants to be – he looks at everyone as phony, but he’s not sure how to avoid that himself.
24 Activity 4: Theme Instructions: With a partner, complete the worksheet on theme. Be sure to check the book carefully for quotations: this is also a good way to review the plot of the book.Extra credit: on a separate paper, choose one of the themes and discuss how it applies to your life. Use specific examples. 2-3 paragraphs.