6Here is the idea… The adverb not is a negative word. It expresses the idea of no.It can be part of a contraction.
7But Be Careful…Be careful to avoid using two negative words in the same sentence.This is called a double negative.
8There are TWO… Reasons not to use a double negative. First of all, listen to how it sounds....It is a mouthful…it sounds wrong, too!I haven’t seen nobody in the hallway for hours!
9It Just Sounds…Odd… I haven’t seen nobody in the hallway for hours! We are so trained, we actually LIKE hearing the correct grammar….I haven’t seen anybody in the hallway for hours!
10Plus…There is always the DREADED MATH CONNECTION…
11As with mathWhat happens when you multiply a negative and another negative?
12They cancel each other out! Multiply two negatives and you get a positive.The same can be said in English…I couldn’t hardly wait.Wait! Does that mean you could wait or you couldn’t wait…I am confused…
14So what?If we want to keep a sentence in the negative, we need to keep it balanced with affirmative words.Just like two negatives = a positiveA negative and a positive = a negativeI can hardly wait!
15Affirmative words!Affirmative words are the opposite of negative words like no and not.Think of them as “positive” words!They show the idea of “yes.”
16Negative and Affirmative Words A Simple ChartNegative and Affirmative WordsNegativeAffirmativeNeverNobodyNoneNo oneNothingNowhereEver, alwaysAnybody, somebodyOne, all, some, anyEveryone, someone, anyoneSomething, anythingSomewhere, anywhere
17Correct it!You can correct a double negative by removing one of the negative words or by replacing it with an affirmative word.Incorrect: The clarinet isn’t no new instrument.Correct: The clarinet isn’t a new instrument.Correct: The clarinet is no new instrument.
18Now You Try…In the following slide, correct the double negative.
20Remember…Be careful to avoid using two negative words in the same sentence.This is called a double negative.You can correct a double negative by removing one of the negative words or by replacing it with an affirmative word.