Presentation on theme: "Theoretical Perspectives A way to view society, groups, and individuals."— Presentation transcript:
Theoretical Perspectives A way to view society, groups, and individuals
Symbolic Interaction Herbert Blumer (1969), who coined the term "symbolic interactionism," set out three basic premises of the perspective: "Human beings act toward things on the basis of the meanings they ascribe to those things." -meaning "The meaning of such things is derived from, or arises out of, the social interaction that one has with others and the society." -language "These meanings are handled in, and modified through, an interpretative process used by the person in dealing with the things he/she encounters." -thought
An Example Apply symbolic interaction to two friends having a conversation. Our actions are being determined by the other person’s actions Apply symbolic interaction to marriage and divorce Our interpretation of symbols changes over time. Symbolic interaction helps us determine our relationships
Symbolic Interaction and You Remember our speech bubbles? – How did you define you? What symbols did you use? How are those symbols interpreted by those who you interact with? How do you interpret those symbols?
Functional Analysis Society as a whole unit is made up of interrelated parts that work together.
Society As a Living Organism When all parts fulfill their function, society is normal. When all parts do not, society is abnormal.
Apply Functional Analysis In the classroom. In the hallway. In the cafeteria.
Conflict Theory Society is comprised of groups who are engaged in fierce competition for scarce resources A struggle between the bourgeoisie (the haves) and the proletariat (the have nots) (1818-1883)
Class Conflict The Haves Small group of capitalists who own the means of production and wealth. The top 20% of wage earners in America hold 93% of the financial wealth. The top 5% hold 72%. Graphic: How Class Works - New York Times
Class Conflict The Have Nots: The bottom 80% of wage earners hold 7% of the financial wealth in America Ilya Repin’s Barge Haulers on the Volga
Impact of Marx’s Conflict Theory Industrialized nations granted workers the right to strike Minimum wage Eight-hour days Five-day work weeks Paid vacations and holidays Medical benefits Sick leave Unemployment benefits But is this enough to appease the have nots?
Conflict Theory Today The constant struggle for power Who holds it? Why? Why must those in power enforce conformity?
Apply Conflict Theory In the classroom. In the hallway. In the cafeteria.
Macro / Micro Macro – Examine large scale patters of society Micro – social interaction and what people do when they are in one another’s presence.