Presentation on theme: "Vivid Verbs and Sensuous Sentences"— Presentation transcript:
1Vivid Verbs and Sensuous Sentences Descriptive WritingVivid Verbs and Sensuous Sentences
2Goals for This Workshop: Be able to identify ineffective descriptionKnow resources for alternative vocabularyHave tools for revising description
3When Description Is Used ScenesIntroductory paragraphs, narrativesPeopleProfiles, character analysesBusinessRésumés, reports, research papersProcessesProcess analyses, recipes, personal experience
4Ineffective Description Uses dull, ordinary vocabularyLacks sensory informationFails to follow a logical sequenceProvides unfocused, excessive detail
5Effective Descriptions Have accurate nouns, verbs, and modifiersHave words for readers’ sensory imaginationTell readers what is important for them to know
6Dull Verbs and Modifiers I went up the beach, past colorful rocks, and then I could see him looking into an old log.Who looked?What kinds of colors?How was the action done?
7Some Vivid Verbs & Modifiers “I stumbled a little woozily up the beach, clambering over the boulders of quietly hallucinatory colours, and then from my new vantage point saw Mark away in the distance on his knees and peering into an old log” (Adams 121).
8Ineffective Vocabulary Inaccurate, vague nouns thing, way, stuff, type, method, factor…Dull verbs be, do, get, go, have, make…Clumsy modifiers misused or misplaced adjectives, adverbs, etc.
9Where do I find the words? EVERYWHERE!Formal sources: reference books, professional journals, news media, etc.Informal sources: peers, TV, Internet blogs, videos, novels, poetry, podcast interviews—especially with writer-performers
10Accurate Nouns?Nouns are names for people, places, and things—they can be very accurate, or very generic.Choose whichever is appropriate.What makes a choice appropriate?
12Dull VerbsDull verbs only tell us the basic facts, lacking descriptive dimension:I walked to the store.
13Revising Verbs IChanging the verb can add meaningful information in just one word:- I slogged to the store.Now we know it took great effort to do the action, and we may feel what the author felt.
14Dull Verbs II Some common boring verbs: be, do, get, go, have, make, put, run, see,take, talk, use
15Revising Verbs IITo enliven your verbs, circle the repeated boring ones, and replace them with more meaningful verbs:She ran to answer the phone.She sprinted to answer the phone.
16Power Verbs in Résumés Dynamic, achievement-oriented verbs, such as Formed Managed Honored Recognized Accomplished Achieved Wrote Served ExecutedConstructed Generated Initiated Negotiated Operated Mastered Developed PresentedCreatedStudiedExcelledFormulatedDesignedLedProducedSupervised
17Clumsy ModifiersDull Adjectives: good, bad, nice, great, different, happyConfusing placement: The damaged student’s car I fought off the dog in my pajamas. Finding it ransacked, I entered the house.
18AdjectivesAdjectives (and adverbs) prevent an action or a thing being any other way:He spoke softly.He didn’t speak loudly or hysterically.My generous neighbor.Our attention is drawn to the neighbor’s generosity, not sense of humor or annoying habits.
19Revising Adjectives He was a nice guy. It was a difficult time for me. What’s your definition of nice?It was a difficult time for me.What made it difficult? How was it so?
20Effective Descriptions Have accurate nouns, verbs, and modifiersHave words for readers’ sensory imaginationTell readers what is important for them to know
21Sensory InformationOur readers NEED to have sensory input.
22Sensory Information Sensory input: words that have to do with sight feeling (texture and emotions)tastesmellsound
23Sensory InformationBefore writing, visualize the scene, situation, person, or process.Note the colors, arrangements or sequences, sounds, smells, thoughts or feelings involved.
24Sensory Detail“The smell of the bush, the smell of the dust and grass, caught at [Mma Ramotswe’s] heart as it always did; and now there was added a whiff of wood smoke, that marvellous, acrid smell that insinuates itself through the still air of morning as people make their breakfast and warm their hands by the flames” (Smith 196).
25Effective Descriptions Have accurate nouns, verbs, and modifiersHave words for readers’ sensory imaginationTell readers what is important for them to know
26Essential Sensory Information Our readers need to have ONLY the most IMPORTANT sensory input!
27Decide What Is Important As writers for an American audience, YOU need to decide what is important for your readers to know—and what can be left out.Every bit of description has to have a purpose.
28Not every sense needs mentioning… I tentatively approached the door. It had a smooth, egg-shaped, brass doorknob, and turned without resistance. I pushed open the door and looked around the room that smelled of rose water and ozone. I turned and walked with creaking footsteps across the hallway to the next door down on my right at the two o’clock position. It was inlaid with mother-of-pearl in the shape of tulips. Through the door I could hear shouting.
29Tools for Revising 1 Engage your senses! Recall or imagine the sounds, smells, tones of voice, textures, etc.Determine if the words on the page represent the most important sensory details.
30What Would You Change?I tentatively approached the door. It had a smooth, egg-shaped, brass doorknob, and turned without resistance. I pushed open the door and looked around the room that smelled of rose water and ozone. I turned and walked with creaking footsteps across the hallway to the next door down on my right at the two o’clock position. It was inlaid with mother-of-pearl in the shape of tulips. Through the door I could hear shouting.
31Tools for Revising 2 Consider your audience We use different words and phrases for different settings.What does it mean to be appropriate?
32Technical Writing Job applications Tailor your experience to each job descriptionProcess ReportsInclude what has an effect on the outcomeMake every statement NEW information
33Characterization in Profile Essays States of mind: mood, emotions, personalityPhysical expressions show readerse.g., fast heartbeat, twitchy smile, bright eyesSpeech mannerismsQuality of dress: neat, frumpy, expensive, cheap . . .Can show class, gender, etc.
34Tools for Revising 3Engage your best writing tools: a thesaurus and a dictionary!Find an alternate related to your first word.Look up the meaning of the alternate to see if it really fits.If it doesn’t fit, rinse and repeat!
35Take Time to Brainstorm! VisualizeFeel your own emotionsGiving physical sensations “shows” readers instead of just “telling” readersConsider several words for the same topicRecall your own experiences
36Questions to ask while drafting What did it look like?Where was it in relation to other things?What did you smell? Hear? Taste?How did you feel at the time? Afterward?Physical sensationsEmotional sensation
37Drafting Draft and put aside for a while Revise for importance to audience, relevance to topic, and order or sequence for organization
38Review: Effective Descriptions Have accurate nouns, verbs, and modifiersHave words for readers’ sensory imaginationTell readers what is important for them to know
39BibliographyAdams, Douglas and Mark Carwardine. Last Chance to See. New York: Ballantine,Littlefield, Jamie. “25 Powerful Verbs for Your Résumé.” About.com The New York Times Co. 26 JanLunsford, Andrea. “20 Most Common Errors.” EasyWriter Resources. n.d. Bedford/St. Martin’s. 12 AprilMeyers, Alan. Writing with Confidence: Writing Effective Sentences and Paragraphs 6th Edition. New York: Longman, 2000.Smith, Alexander McCall. Morality for Beautiful Girls. New York: Anchor, 2002.Thackston, Karen. “Copywriting and Your Five Senses.” About.com The New York Times Co. 20 Oct
40Vivid Verbs and Sensuous Sentences Descriptive WritingVivid Verbs and Sensuous Sentences