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Military Customs & Courtesy Presented By: SPC Paul Borbiliac.

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Presentation on theme: "Military Customs & Courtesy Presented By: SPC Paul Borbiliac."— Presentation transcript:

1 Military Customs & Courtesy Presented By: SPC Paul Borbiliac

2  Title  Outline  Meanings of Customs & Courtesy  Examples of Customs  Examples of Courtesies  The Hand Salute  Origin and Meaning  Appropriate and Non-Appropriate examples of Saluting  Walking with and addressing Officers and NCOs  Identifying Ranks  Common rules  Acknowledging High Ranking Officers and NCOs entering the DFAC  Crowded Hallways and Similar areas  Saluting and Reporting to an Officer, NCO, or Board  Walking with an Officer/NCO  Rendering Honors to U.S. Flag, and specific National/Military Music  U.S. Flag  Actions upon raising and lowering the Flag  National/Military music  National Anthem  Retreat  Reveille  Taps  The Army Song  Conclusion  Questions

3 The Meanings of Customs & Courtesies Customs  Established Practice; includes both positive and negative actions.  Compliment procedures required by military courtesy.  Add to the graciousness of garrison life. Courtesies  Good manners and politeness in dealing with other personnel.  Respect and consideration shown to each other by members of the same profession.  Basis for good human relations.  Indicator of person’s bearing, discipline, and manners. The difference between military courtesy and customs is that military courtesy are the Rules of Conduct required of military personnel either by regulation or tradition. Customs of the service are practices and procedures not prescribed by law or regulation, but by tradition and practice have become of a binding force.

4 Examples of Customs  Never criticize the Army or a leader in public  Never jump the chain of command  Never offer excuses  Never use a superiors rank to get something done, when in fact the superior never gave such a order (“First Sergeant wants this done now.”)  Never turn and walk away to avoid giving the hand salute  Never run indoors or pretend you don’t hear (while driving) to avoid standing during Reveille or Retreat  Never appear in uniform while under the influence of alcohol  You will never go wrong with the response," I don’t know, but I’ll find out.” if you don’t know the answer to a superiors question.

5 Examples of Courtesies  Hand Salute  Addressing and working with Commissioned and Non-Commissioned Officers  Rendering honors to the Flag  Reacting and rendering honors to specific National/Military music

6 The Hand Salute

7 Origin and Meaning  In the late Roman times assassinations were common. A citizen who wanted to see a public official would approach with his right hand raised to show he did not hold a weapon.  In the century of Knights in Armor, knights raised their visors with the right hand when meeting a comrade. Honor exchange, privilege gesture of respect and trust among soldiers, and recognition of each others commitment, abilities, and professionalism; sign of self- discipline.Honor exchange, privilege gesture of respect and trust among soldiers, and recognition of each others commitment, abilities, and professionalism; sign of self- discipline. Expression that recognizes each other as a member of the “Profession of Arms”; that they have made a personal commitment of self-sacrifice to preserve our way of life.Expression that recognizes each other as a member of the “Profession of Arms”; that they have made a personal commitment of self-sacrifice to preserve our way of life.

8 Appropriate and Non-Appropriate Examples of Saluting Appropriate  When in uniform  When National Anthem, To the Colors, Hail to the Chief, Foreign National Anthems are played  Funerals/Change of Commands  Retreat or Reveille  Sounding of Honors  Pledging of Allegiance to the U.S. flag (outdoors)  Turning over control of formations  When rendering reports  Officers of friendly foreign countries Reporting for pay The salute should be accompanied with an appropriate greeting, such as, “Good morning/afternoon, sir/ma’am.” or the units motto. Remember to salute proudly because it shows you have pride in yourself and your outfit and that you have confidence in your abilities as a soldier. Non-Appropriate  Indoors (unless you are reporting to a Officer, Board, or if you are on guard duty)  A prisoner  If you are working underneath a vehicle  Either the senior or subordinate is wearing civilian clothes  Either the senior or subordinate has articles in both hands  When unit is resting alongside a road (road marches)

9 Working with and Addressing Officers and NCOs

10 Identifying Ranks NCO- enlisted person, as a sergeant or corporal, holding any of various ranks below commissioned or warrant officers NCO- enlisted person, as a sergeant or corporal, holding any of various ranks below commissioned or warrant officers Commissioned Officer- a military or naval officer holding rank by commission.

11 Common Rules Officers  When speaking to an Officer stand at attention until ordered otherwise  When dismissed, come to attention and salute  When a Officer enters a room, the first soldier to recognize him calls the room to attention  An Officer is always addressed as Sir/Ma’am depending on the sex. NCOs  When speaking to an NCO stand at parade rest until ordered otherwise  When an NCO of a superior rank enters a room, the first soldier to recognize him calls the room to at ease  Always greet or address the NCO with the appropriate title (“Sergeant/Sergeant- Major)

12 Acknowledging High Ranking Officers and NCOs in the Mess Hall  When an Officer/NCO enters a dining facility, unless he directs otherwise or unless a more senior officer is already present, the diners will be given the order “at ease” by the first person who sees the Officer/NCO. You will remain seated at ease and will continue eating unless the Officer/NCO directs otherwise. If you are directly addressed, you should rise to attention if seated in a chair. If seated on a bench, stop eating and sit at attention until the conversation has ended.

13 Crowded Hallways and Similar Areas  When a Officer/NCO enters a crowded hallway or similar area where troops are taking a break or standing in a waiting line, the first person to see the Officer/NCO should call “At ease” and “Make way” so those present will move to the sides of the hallway and allow passage.

14 Saluting and Reporting to an Officer, NCO, or Board  Always salute 6 paces away, or until you can see the rank of the Officer  On certain occasions enlisted will salute enlisted personnel (When reporting, handing over formation, rendering a report, reporting to a board)  You will always hold the salute until the person you are saluting returns the salute Reporting  When you report to an Officer/NCO/Board, approach the person on whom you are reporting to and stop about two steps from him, assuming the position of attention. Give the proper salute and say, for example, “Sir/Ma’am, Private Smith reports as ordered.” When business is conducted and you are dismissed, come to attention and salute wait for the return salute, once acknowledged execute the proper facing procedure and leave the room.

15 Walking with a Officer/NCO  When walking with a superior, always walk on the left.  The custom of walking to the left originated in the middle ages when a person carries his weapon in his right hand and was considered the right to be a part of honor; the person to his left protected the unguarded side.

16 Rendering Honors to the U.S. Flag, National/Military music

17 U.S. Flag  The flag of the United States is the symbol of our nation. The union, white stars on a field of blue, is the honor point of the flag  All soldiers should pay respect to the flags daily, when it is being raised and when it is being lowered.

18 Action upon raising and lowering of the flag  Whenever and wherever the “National Anthem”, “To The Colors”, “Hail to the Chief”, or “Reveille” are played, at first note, all dismounted personnel in uniform and not in formation face the flag or the music (if the flag is not in view), stand at Attention and renders a salute  When not in uniform, personnel will, at first note, stand at attention facing the flag or the music (if the flag is not in view), remove headgear, if any, with the right hand, and place the right hand over the heart.  Vehicles in motion will be brought to a halt. Persons riding in a passenger car or on a motorcycle will dismount and salute. Occupants of other types of military vehicles and buses remain seated at attention in the vehicle, the individual in charge of each vehicle dismounting and rendering the hand salute. Tank and armored car commanders salute from the vehicle.

19 National/Military Music  National Anthem  Reveille  Retreat  To the Colors  Hail to the Chief  Taps  The Army Song

20 National Anthem  Known as the “Star- Spangled Banner”  Written by Francis Scott Key  Usually played after Retreat Upon hearing, soldiers will come to attention and salute the flag or the direction of the music.

21 Retreat  Originally called “The Watch Setting”  Signal to forces outside the camps to return before the closing of the gates  Originally sounded on drums  Adopted to take effect before sunset in 1779  Signal of when the night guard was taking control Upon hearing, soldiers will come to attention face the flag or the music and wait to salute.

22 Reveille  Originally from the French meaning “to wake again”  Written by Joseph Hayden  Signifies the beginning of the duty day  Origins from the Roman Empire “Diana’s Hymn” Upon hearing, soldiers will come to attention face the flag or the direction of the music and stand at attention and wait to salute.

23 Taps  Meaning “Lights Out”  Created in July of 1862 by union Gen. Daniel Adams Butterfield  Played by the Brigade bugler Oliver Wilcox Norton  Officially recognized in 1874

24 The Army Song March along, sing our song with the Army of the free Count the brave, count the true, who have fought to victory. We're the Army and proud of our name; We're the Army and proudly proclaim: First to fight for the right, and to build the Nation's might, And the Army Goes Rolling Along Proud of all we have done, Fighting till the battle's won, And the Army Goes Rolling Along CHORUS: Then it's hi, hi, hey! The Army's on its way Count off the cadence loud and strong (two, three) For wher-e'er we go, You will always know that the Army Goes Rolling Along Valley Forge, Custer's ranks, San Juan hill and Patton's tanks, And the Army went rolling along. Minute men from the start, Always fighting from the heart, And the Army keeps rolling along. CHORUS Men in rags, men who froze, still that Army met its foes, And the Army went rolling along. Faith in God, then we're right, And we'll fight with all our might, As the Army keeps rolling along. CHORUS (the third chorus should be sung slower) + (Keep it rolling) And The Army Goes Rolling Along. Upon hearing, soldiers should come to attention face the flag or the direction of the music and salute.

25 Conclusion  Military Customs & Courtesies is not a one-way street. Enlisted personnel must be courteous to Officers, and Officers are expected to return the courtesy. Officers respect the soldiers as individuals, just as you respect the Officers as individuals. Without the basis of mutual respect the can be no Military Customs & Courtesy, and disharmony will result.  Customs & Courtesy show discipline, bearing, and the abilities of the Unit, soldier, and Section. Pride in ones actions will show positive Courtesy and Custom.

26 ???Questions???

27 Work-Cited Page FM Drill & Ceremony FM The Soldiers Guide AR Army Command Policy AR Salute, Honors, Visits of Courtesy August 1995 Webster’s Handy College Dictionary 3 rd Edition Internet Sites FM Drill & Ceremony FM The Soldiers Guide AR Army Command Policy AR Salute, Honors, Visits of Courtesy August 1995 Webster’s Handy College Dictionary 3 rd Edition Internet Sites


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