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What would you do if you saw a kid crying in a crowded hallway? What would you do if you saw a kid crying in an empty hallway? If you saw someone drop.

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Presentation on theme: "What would you do if you saw a kid crying in a crowded hallway? What would you do if you saw a kid crying in an empty hallway? If you saw someone drop."— Presentation transcript:

1 What would you do if you saw a kid crying in a crowded hallway? What would you do if you saw a kid crying in an empty hallway? If you saw someone drop their notebook in a crowded hallway, what would you do? If you saw someone drop their notebook in an empty hallway, what would you do?

2 Bystander Effect Reading: Kitty Genovese

3 What would you do? What is the Bystander Effect? The term bystander effect refers to the phenomenon in which the greater the number of people present, the less likely people are to help a person in distress. When an emergency situation occurs, observers are more likely to take action if there are few or no other witnesses.

4 What did we learn? Exit Quiz What is bystander effect? What is the formula for how likely it would be for someone to help someone else? Why do you think people hesitate to help toothers, while others put themselves at great risk to do the same? What did you learn about YOURSELF sociologically today? What is bystander effect? What is the formula for how likely it would be for someone to help someone else? Why do you think people hesitate to help toothers, while others put themselves at great risk to do the same? What did you learn about YOURSELF sociologically today?

5 What is bystander effect? What does this theory say about large groups versus small groups? Who was Kitty Genovese and what happened to her? Have you ever witnessed bystander effect?

6 Presentations: Begin Friday October 28th Objectives: What was your initial hypothesis How did you choose your topic and groups Did you have any difficulties trying to define groups without feeling as though you were demeaning them in some way? After your interviews…how did your impressions change? What did you expect that resulted from your research? What surprised you from your research? HOW CAN WE USE OUT RESEARCH AND DATA TO CREATE POSITIVE CHANGE HERE AT VC?

7 What is your ethnicity? How do you know this? How would you feel if this turned out to be false? Would you still be you?

8 What is Society? Comes from the Latin root “socius” meaning companion. The society in which we live determines everything from the food we eat to the choices we make. A society consists of people who share a territory, who interact with each other, and who share a culture

9 How do Societies Form? Some societies are in fact, groups of people united by friendship or common interests.

10 What do societies teach us? Our respective societies teach us how to behave, what to believe, and how we’ll be punished if we don’t follow the laws or customs in place.

11 Information Presentations: Begin Friday October 28th

12 Do Now: Culture Unit II Reading: Culture Shock & Types of Culture

13 What do Sociologists look for in studying other cultures? Sociologists study the way people learn about their own society’s cultures and how they discover their place within those cultures. They also examine the ways in which people from differing cultures interact and sometimes clash—and how mutual understanding and respect might be reached. Sociologists study the way people learn about their own society’s cultures and how they discover their place within those cultures. They also examine the ways in which people from differing cultures interact and sometimes clash—and how mutual understanding and respect might be reached.

14 How does Sociology define Territory? Territory: Most countries have formal boundaries and territory that the world recognizes as theirs. However, a society’s boundaries don’t have to be geopolitical borders, such as the one between the United States and Canada. Instead, members of a society, as well as nonmembers, must recognize particular land as belonging to that society. Territory: Most countries have formal boundaries and territory that the world recognizes as theirs. However, a society’s boundaries don’t have to be geopolitical borders, such as the one between the United States and Canada. Instead, members of a society, as well as nonmembers, must recognize particular land as belonging to that society.

15 When do Cultures Clash At different times and different places, groups come into conflict over beliefs due to cultural differences

16 What did we learn? A society consists of people who share a territory, who interact with each other, and who share a culture Sociologists study the way people learn about their own society’s cultures and how they discover their place within those cultures. Some societies are in fact, groups of people united by friendship or common interests. Our respective societies teach us how to behave, what to believe, and how we’ll be punished if we don’t follow the laws or customs in place. Sometimes societies and cultures clash. Sociologists study the causes of this. A society consists of people who share a territory, who interact with each other, and who share a culture Sociologists study the way people learn about their own society’s cultures and how they discover their place within those cultures. Some societies are in fact, groups of people united by friendship or common interests. Our respective societies teach us how to behave, what to believe, and how we’ll be punished if we don’t follow the laws or customs in place. Sometimes societies and cultures clash. Sociologists study the causes of this.

17 Exit Quiz

18 Do Now: Conflict Theory in Same Culture 1.Can there be conflict in the same family? 2.Can there be conflict among friends? 3.Can there be conflict among peers 4.Can there be enough conflict among people who are 99.9% EXACTLY the same ethnicity and culture group that they commit violence against them?

19 How can people from similar cultures have different societies? Interaction: Members of a society must come in contact with one another. If a group of people within a country has no regular contact with another group, those groups cannot be considered part of the same society. Geographic distance and language barriers can separate societies within a country. Example: India, Pakistan and Bangladesh, East and West Germany, Rwanda. Interaction: Members of a society must come in contact with one another. If a group of people within a country has no regular contact with another group, those groups cannot be considered part of the same society. Geographic distance and language barriers can separate societies within a country. Example: India, Pakistan and Bangladesh, East and West Germany, Rwanda.

20 What did we learn? A society consists of people who share a territory, who interact with each other, and who share a culture Sociologists study the way people learn about their own society’s cultures and how they discover their place within those cultures. Some societies are in fact, groups of people united by friendship or common interests. Our respective societies teach us how to behave, what to believe, and how we’ll be punished if we don’t follow the laws or customs in place. Sometimes societies and cultures clash. Sociologists study the causes of this. A society consists of people who share a territory, who interact with each other, and who share a culture Sociologists study the way people learn about their own society’s cultures and how they discover their place within those cultures. Some societies are in fact, groups of people united by friendship or common interests. Our respective societies teach us how to behave, what to believe, and how we’ll be punished if we don’t follow the laws or customs in place. Sometimes societies and cultures clash. Sociologists study the causes of this.

21 Case Studies: South Asia, Germany & Rwanda Examples: Although Islam was practiced in both parts of the country, the residents of East Pakistan spoke Bengali, while the residents of West Pakistan spoke Urdu. In 1971 East Pakistan declared independence from West Pakistan and became Bangladesh. While they same ethnicity – there is no societal unity. During the Cold War, the U.S.S.R. took over their post WWII occupied zone of Berlin and eventually sealed off Eastern Germany from the West creating a communist satellite nation (G.D.R.) from August 13, November 9, 1989 Examples: Although Islam was practiced in both parts of the country, the residents of East Pakistan spoke Bengali, while the residents of West Pakistan spoke Urdu. In 1971 East Pakistan declared independence from West Pakistan and became Bangladesh. While they same ethnicity – there is no societal unity. During the Cold War, the U.S.S.R. took over their post WWII occupied zone of Berlin and eventually sealed off Eastern Germany from the West creating a communist satellite nation (G.D.R.) from August 13, November 9, 1989

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23 Exit Quiz

24 Palestine/Israel Border U.S./ Mexican Border

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26 Hotel Rwanda Hand-out Film: Hotel Rwanda

27 On April 6, 1994, the Hutu president of Rwanda,, was assassinated when his plane was shot down near Kigali International Airport. The current Hutu president of Burundi was also killed in the attack. This sparked the well-organized extermination of Tutsis by Hutu militias, even though blame for the plane attack has never been established. Sexual violence against Tutsi women was also widespread, and the United Nations only conceded that "acts of genocide" had likely happened after an estimated half-million Rwandans had already been killed. On April 6, 1994, the Hutu president of Rwanda,, was assassinated when his plane was shot down near Kigali International Airport. The current Hutu president of Burundi was also killed in the attack. This sparked the well-organized extermination of Tutsis by Hutu militias, even though blame for the plane attack has never been established. Sexual violence against Tutsi women was also widespread, and the United Nations only conceded that "acts of genocide" had likely happened after an estimated half-million Rwandans had already been killed.

28 Hutus & Tutsis in Rwanda The longstanding conflict between the Hutu and Tutsi has nothing to do with language or religion -- they speak the same Bantu tongues as well as French, and generally practice Christianity. Many geneticists have been hard-pressed to find marked ethnic differences between the two, though the Tutsi have generally been noted to be taller. Many believe that German and Belgian colonizers tried to find differences between the Hutu and Tutsi in order to better categorize native peoples in their censuses. Generally, the Hutu-Tutsi strife stems from class warfare, with the Tutsis perceived to have greater wealth and social status The longstanding conflict between the Hutu and Tutsi has nothing to do with language or religion -- they speak the same Bantu tongues as well as French, and generally practice Christianity. Many geneticists have been hard-pressed to find marked ethnic differences between the two, though the Tutsi have generally been noted to be taller. Many believe that German and Belgian colonizers tried to find differences between the Hutu and Tutsi in order to better categorize native peoples in their censuses. Generally, the Hutu-Tutsi strife stems from class warfare, with the Tutsis perceived to have greater wealth and social status

29 What did we learn? If a group of people within a country has no regular contact with another group, those groups cannot be considered part of the same society. Geographic distance and language barriers can separate societies within a country. a society’s boundaries don’t have to be geopolitical borders, such as the one between the United States and Canada. Instead, members of a society, as well as nonmembers, must recognize particular land as belonging to that society. Geographic distance and language barriers can separate societies within a country. Sometimes the same cultural groups can see themselves as so different – that they turn to violence. If a group of people within a country has no regular contact with another group, those groups cannot be considered part of the same society. Geographic distance and language barriers can separate societies within a country. a society’s boundaries don’t have to be geopolitical borders, such as the one between the United States and Canada. Instead, members of a society, as well as nonmembers, must recognize particular land as belonging to that society. Geographic distance and language barriers can separate societies within a country. Sometimes the same cultural groups can see themselves as so different – that they turn to violence.

30 Exit Quiz

31 Midterm Exam Review Intro to Sociology Sociological Theories and Theorists What started the science of sociology, urbanization, industrial revolution, conflict theory, interactionist theory, macro/micro, functionalist theory Weber, Marx, Emile Durkheim “Suicide Studies” Bystander Effect, norms, folkways, mores, laws deviance, status, applied status, use of symbols in communication, ethnocentrism Clips: Jenks “Street Queen”, “Just Let me Be” Analysis: Sociology Analysis of VCHS Project What is: Culture, Material Culture, Cultural Relativism, socialization, feral children, agents of socialization, culture clash, genocide FILM: Hotel Rwanda Rwandan Genocide, (Essay Section)


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