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Risk Communication. CHEMICAL AMOUNTS + + In the household TOXINS EXPOSURE HEALTH EFFECT Community Self Assessment as a Health Education Strategy During.

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Presentation on theme: "Risk Communication. CHEMICAL AMOUNTS + + In the household TOXINS EXPOSURE HEALTH EFFECT Community Self Assessment as a Health Education Strategy During."— Presentation transcript:

1 Risk Communication

2 CHEMICAL AMOUNTS + + In the household TOXINS EXPOSURE HEALTH EFFECT Community Self Assessment as a Health Education Strategy During Spraying

3 Mapping of Thai Villages in Preparation for Studies

4 IPM Graduates Planning Self Reporting Meeting (Indonesia)

5 TRAINING PROCESS Five Day Training Day 1 & Day 2: Classroom exercises homework to practice data collection Day 3: Sample data collection Day 4: Data analysis Day 5: Feedback to Community

6 Thai children analyzing data from the field

7 Thai children identifying pesticides in use 1. PESTICIDES IN USE

8 HOUSEHOLD PESTICIDES house #____ Brand name:_____________________ Common name: ___________________ Type: ___________________________ Chemical Family:__________________ (optional fill in later in class) LD 50 value :­­­­_______________________ (optional fill in later in class) WHO class:______________________ ( fill in later in class) Can you smell it?______ Is it leaking?_______ Is it open?_________

9 Brand NameTypeActive Ingredient (common name) Chemical FamilyWHO Hazard Level FolidolInmethyl parathionOpIa MonitorInmethamidophosOpIb Pesticide Classification

10 IPM trainers sorting pesticides by WHO hazard levels Pile Sorting Pesticides

11 Ia Extremely Hazardous Methly parathion- FOLIDOL Mevinphos-PHOSDRIN Ib Highly Hazardous Methamidophos-MONITOR Monocrotophos-AZODRIN Methomyl-LANNATE II –Moderately Hazardously Endosulfan – THIODAN Paraquat – GRAMOXONE Carbyl- SEVIN Deltamethrin-DECIS DDT Cypermethrin-VISHER Pesticide Classification by WHO Hazard Level and Chemical Family for Community Presentation OP-organophosphates Methly parathion- FOLIDOL Mevinphos-PHOSDRIN Methamidophos-MONITOR Monocrotophos-AZODRIN Methamidophos-MONITOR C-Carbamates Methomyl-LANNATE Carbyl- SEVIN OC-Organochlorines Endosulfan – THIODAN DDT PY-Pyrethroids Deltamethrin-DECIS Cypermethrin-VISHER WHO HAZARD LEVELSCHEMICAL FAMILIES

12 Results of Community Pesticide Survey in Cambodia Where Farmers Cannot Read the Labels

13 Pesticide Book Made by Thai School Children for Their Village

14 Pesticides sorted by Chemical Family in Community Meeting (Cambodia) Community Feedback

15 Community Feedback Meeting Demonstrating How to Read Pesticide Labels (Cambodia)

16  fill in column ‘c.’ and ‘d.’only if spraying on a weekly basis. Otherwise use column ‘e.’ showing how many spray sessions per season. AMOUNT OF PESTICIDE SOLUTION USED BY FARMERS Farmera. Tank size lt. b. tanks /session c.  sessions per week d.  # weeks per season e. sessions/ season (c*d) f. seasons per year Liters exposure per year a*b*e*f Farmer- now Farmer-IPM Total-now Total-IPM  fill in column ‘c.’ and ‘d.’only if spraying on a weekly basis. Otherwise use column ‘e.’ showing how many spray sessions per season. 2. Estimating Amounts of Pesticide Use per Year

17 Farmer Interviewing Another Farmer about Amounts of Pesticides Used (Vietnam)

18 Farmers Drawing Common Spray Practices (Sri Lanka) 3. EXPOSURE DURING SRAYING

19 leaking tank 75% (Thai) wet back 100% (Thai- Indo spraying up wind 50% (Indo) pesticide on hands (100%) Smoking 35% (Indo) 3. Exposure During Spraying

20 hats 69% goggles 7% masks 36% long sleeves 56% gloves 4% long skirt/pants 57% rubber boots 10% wet 98% wet 91% Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) Data Summary (n=1067)

21 Thai children’s presentation for parents on exposure

22 Thai children’s presentation for parents on hazardous behaviors that increase contamination pathways/risks

23 Women Farmers Preparing Data Summary for Community Meeting on Exposure and Personal Protection Equipment (Vietnam)

24 4. HOUSEHOLD MAPPING water storage = cooking area = pesticides = food storage = Garbage area: Safe = Unsafe = StorageDisposal Water Food Animal Child

25 Thai Students Displaying the Results of their Household Survey

26 Thai Household Details for Parents

27 Body Mapping with Cotton Farmers in India

28 5. Signs and Symptoms of Acute Pesticide Poisoning: Body Mapping

29 Before spray After spray Next morning =Pesticide related? +++=No or chronic effect ++0=No +0+=Unclear maybe (late effect or another problem) +00=No 000= 00+=Yes (late effect) 0+0=Yes (short effect) 0++=Yes (prolonged effect) Exercise to Interpret if Signs and Symptoms are Pesticide Related

30 Exam for tremors (Vietnam)

31 Examining for Gait Disorders (Indonesia)

32 Presenting Surveillance Data at Community Meeting (Vietnam)

33 Community Self Surveillance Sri Lanka

34 PPE Personal Protective Equipment

35 And More PPE

36 Parent Activity Questions Source of food and water Parent occupation? Shower after working before holding children? Work clothes and shoes in the house? Laundry practices ? Use household pesticides ? Garden pesticides ? House and car cleaning ? Pesticide storage? Location of day care? House near fields?

37 Key Household Safety Points 1.Proximity 2.Take home 3.Garden 4.Animals 5.Recycle 6.Decant 7.Storage 8.Disposal 9.Child play/daycare “ Partly Trained Gorillas Always Run Down Streets Doing Cartwheels”


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