7 1. PESTICIDES IN USEThai children identifying pesticides in use
8 HOUSEHOLD PESTICIDES house #____ Brand name:_____________________Common name: ___________________Type: ___________________________Chemical Family:__________________ (optional fill in later in class)LD50 value :_______________________(optional fill in later in class)WHO class:______________________ ( fill in later in class)Can you smell it?______Is it leaking?_______Is it open?_________
10 Pile Sorting Pesticides IPM trainers sorting pesticides by WHO hazard levels
11 Pesticide Classification by WHO Hazard Level and Chemical Family for Community Presentation WHO HAZARD LEVELSCHEMICAL FAMILIESIa Extremely HazardousMethly parathion- FOLIDOLMevinphos-PHOSDRINOP-organophosphatesMethly parathion- FOLIDOLMevinphos-PHOSDRINMethamidophos-MONITORMonocrotophos-AZODRINIb Highly HazardousMethamidophos-MONITORMonocrotophos-AZODRINMethomyl-LANNATEC-CarbamatesMethomyl-LANNATECarbyl- SEVINII –Moderately HazardouslyEndosulfan – THIODANParaquat – GRAMOXONECarbyl- SEVINDeltamethrin-DECISDDTCypermethrin-VISHEROC-OrganochlorinesEndosulfan – THIODANDDTPY-PyrethroidsDeltamethrin-DECISCypermethrin-VISHER
12 Results of Community Pesticide Survey in Cambodia Where Farmers Cannot Read the Labels
13 Pesticide Book Made by Thai School Children for Their Village
14 Pesticides sorted by Chemical Family in Community Meeting (Cambodia) Community FeedbackPesticides sorted by Chemical Family in Community Meeting (Cambodia)
15 Community Feedback Meeting Demonstrating How to Read Pesticide Labels (Cambodia)
16 2. Estimating Amounts of Pesticide Use per Year 2. Estimating Amounts of Pesticide Use per YearAMOUNT OF PESTICIDE SOLUTION USED BY FARMERSFarmera.Tank size lt.b.tanks /sessionc.sessionsper weekd.# weeksper seasone.sessions/season(c*d)f.seasons per yearLiters exposure per yeara*b*e*f Farmer- nowFarmer-IPMTotal-nowTotal-IPM fill in column ‘c.’ and ‘d.’only if spraying on a weekly basis. Otherwise use column ‘e.’ showing how many spray sessions per season. fill in column ‘c.’ and ‘d.’only if spraying on a weekly basis. Otherwise use column ‘e.’ showing how many spray sessions per season.
17 Farmer Interviewing Another Farmer about Amounts of Pesticides Used (Vietnam)
18 3. EXPOSURE DURING SRAYING Farmers Drawing Common Spray Practices(Sri Lanka)
19 3. Exposure During Spraying spraying up wind 50% (Indo)Smoking 35% (Indo)leaking tank 75% (Thai)pesticide on hands (100%)wet back 100% (Thai-Indo
28 5. Signs and Symptoms of Acute Pesticide Poisoning: Body Mapping
29 Exercise to Interpret if Signs and Symptoms are Pesticide Related Before sprayAfter sprayNext morning=Pesticide related?+No or chronic effectNoUnclear maybe (late effect or another problem)Yes (late effect)Yes (short effect)Yes (prolonged effect)
36 Parent Activity Questions Source of food and waterParent occupation?Shower after working before holding children?Work clothes and shoes in the house?Laundry practices ?Use household pesticides ?Garden pesticides ?House and car cleaning ?Pesticide storage?Location of day care?House near fields?
37 Key Household Safety Points “ Partly Trained Gorillas Always Run Down Streets Doing Cartwheels”ProximityTake homeGardenAnimalsRecycleDecantStorageDisposalChild play/daycare