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Energy Accountability You: The Consumer. Making the shift from Red to Green. JR. ACE Program 1

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What we’ll cover: What do these terms mean? How much energy do I use? What does energy cost? How much energy is produced? What can I do? 2

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What do these terms mean? Volts: – A measure of the electrical power “pressure” employed by an appliance. Voltage is to electricity as Pressure is to water. 3

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What do these terms mean? (2) Ampere: – The rate of flow of electricity The proportionate amount of electrons flowing through a conductor past a given point in one second. 4

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What do these terms mean? (3) Watts: – The measure of the rate of electrical use at any moment. Watts = Volts x Amps Think of it as the speed on a speedometer! 5

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What do these terms mean? (4) Watt-Hours and Kilowatt-Hours – Total energy used over time. Watt Hours = Watts x Hours kWH = Watts x Hours measured in Thousands This is what you pay for on your Electric Bills! 6 $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $

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How much Energy do I use? 7

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Cooling – Small window unit AC 900 Watts – Big window unit AC 1400 Watts – Central Air Conditioning 3500 Watts – Ceiling fan 42” 24 Watts 8

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How much Energy do I use? Heating: – Electric Space Heater (low setting) 600 Watts – Electric Space Heater (high setting) 1440 Watts – Electric Furnace / Central Heating (CA) 7900 Watts – Central Heating (Cold Areas) 26,000 Watts 9

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How much energy do I use? Appliances – Water Heater 3800 Watts – Dishwasher 3600 Watts – Electric Oven at 350 o F 2000 Watts – Refrigerator (Compressing / Average) 500 Watts / 100 Watts – Microwave 1440 Watts – Coffee Maker 900 Watts – Clock radio 4 Watts 10

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How much energy do I use? Lighting – Incandescent Light bulb 60 Watts – CFL Light Bulb 18 Watts (looks like 60 watts) – LED night light.5 Watts 11

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How much energy do I use? Electronics – Desktop computer and 17” Monitor 300 Watts – 50” Plasma TV 340 Watts – 50” LCD TV 260 Watts – PS3 195 Watts – Xbox 360 185 Watts – Nintendo Wii 20 Watts 12

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How much energy do I use? One – AA Battery Contains a total of 3 kWH. To put this in perspective, it would take 1000 batteries to do one load of laundry. 13 Lets put this in perspective! Leaving the heater on all day at 82 o F is ~200 kWH a day (during winter months) To put this in perspective, Turning on the heater only while your home would save you enough money in 1yr to buy a Used Car.

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How much energy do I use? 14

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What does energy cost? U.S Residential National Average – 12¢ per kilowatt hour California Average – 15.22¢ per kWH In Sacramento (SMUD): – Nov – Apr 9.5 ¢ per kWH 17.55 ¢ per kWH (after 1120 kWH used) – May – Oct 10.2 ¢ per kWH 18.2 ¢ per kWH (after 700 kWH used) 15 Prices go up if you use more energy Prices go up in the summer time

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What does energy cost? 16 Sacramento’s Optional Time-of-use-Rates - Nov – Apr -10.5 ¢ per kWH (on peak) -9.75 ¢ per kWH (off-peak) -May-Oct -23.5 ¢ per kWH (on-peak) -10.9 ¢ per kWH (off-peak) -Peak Hours of Energy-Use: 4pm – 8pm

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What does energy cost? 17 Average Prices in 2003.

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What does energy cost? 18 As of March 2010: States with the Highest Average Energy Costs 1)Hawaii – 27.79¢ / kWh 2)Connecticut – 19.36 ¢ / kWh 3)New York – 18.02 ¢ / kWh States with the Lowest Average Energy Costs 1)North Dakota – 7.29 ¢ / kWh 2)Missouri – 7.6 ¢ / kWh

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How much energy is produced? In the US today, 12% of energy comes from renewable sources. Wind, Water, and Sun. If traditional power plants were converted to renewable production sites, 93 % of our energy could come from renewable sources. 19

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How much energy is produced? 20 Solar Energy is more viable in some areas than in others. It serves as a great Residential energy source in California. In most of CA: 1 Square Meter of Solar Panels will produce 6kWH each day. That’s $275 per year! (Plus tax rebates!)

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How Much energy is produced? The biggest On-Shore Wind Farm: Horse Hollow Wind Energy Center in Taylor and Nolan Counties, Tex. 47,000 Acres 735 Megawatts (or: 735,000 kilowatts) 21

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How much energy is produced? World’s largest Tidal Power producer: Rance Tidal Barrage in Bretagne, France 240 Megawatts 22

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How much energy is produced? World’s largest solar thermal plant: Southern California 2600 megawatts 23

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How much energy is produced? World’s Largest Photovoltaic Power Plant: Olmedilla Photovoltaic Park in Olmedilla de Alarcón, Spain 60 megawatts 24

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What can I do? Use space heaters to heat only the rooms you're in, rather than a central system that heats the whole house. – $3200 - $1400 / year (depending on environment) Turn off central heating system when you're not home. – $1286 average (varies with environment) Use Ceiling Fans instead of the Air Conditioning – $664 / year Turn off lights you’re not using – $219 / year Wash laundry in cold water instead of hot/warm – $167 / year Put your computer into Sleep mode when not in use – $143 / year 25

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What can I do? Use a clothes-line to dry your laundry – $141 / year In rooms with multiple light-bulbs, remove one. – $90 / year Replace regular lightbulbs with CFLs – $90 / year Replace top-loading washer with front-load washers – $90 / year Replace fridges that are older than 10 years – $45 / year 26

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