Presentation on theme: "Unit Five I Never Write Right. Warm-up questions 1.Have you got any dreams? If so, what are they? 2. what do you think are needed to fulfill one’s dream?"— Presentation transcript:
Warm-up questions 1.Have you got any dreams? If so, what are they? 2. what do you think are needed to fulfill one’s dream? 3. A Hindu proverbs says. “Luck is one half of success.” How do you understand this proverb? 2. Have you ever dreamed of becoming a writer, only to be put off by fears that you lacked the ability?
Background Information 1. A word about the author Linda Stafford, a native American writer, was born in 1943 and raised by her grandmother on an Indian reservation. She attended the University of Colorado, 1961; University of Texas, 1966; University of New Mexico, 1967, and the University of Alaska, 1969. Her autobiographies are based on her experiences with poverty, prejudice, and her search to find herself. Her birth name is Crying Wind and she writes under the pseudonym Gwendlelynn Lovequist and Linda Stafford. All her books have a message of hope and the optimistic theme of not giving up because things will get better.
2. The Copper’s Weekly Capper’s is a century-old American magazine published in Kansas. It concentrates on rural American traditions, and offers a wide selection of poetry in each issue. 3. Native Americans The first people to live in North American were the American Indians, or Native Americans. Modern scientists believe that the first Native Americans came from Asia 15,000 or 30,000 years ago across the Bering Straits from Siberia and Alaska. They did not live There is also pay TV, known as toll TV or in one place, but were always on the move looking for food. In other words, the first American Indians were hunters who followed the animals—their food source—during time of migration from place to place. Together, the nomadic people and animals slowly migrated toward the south. These early inhabitants gradually spread out all over the North American continent.
Key structures 1 burst into: suddenly begin to cry, to laugh, etc. Eg. --The excited crowd burst into song. --The whole class burst into laughter. 2. to one’s astonishment/ the astonishment of sb: to one’s great surprise, to the great surprise of somebody Eg. – To the astonishment of the public, the Prince dressed himself in a Nazi uniform. 3. set/put/turn one’s mind: be determined to do something; devote a lot of energy, effort and attention to do something Eg: -- A young man like you could certainly get a job if you set your mind on it. --- When my brother sets his mind on something, he always finds a way to achieve it.
Language points 1. semester: similar to term, one of the two or three periods into which the school year is divided at schools or colleges in the US. ---Mary is now back at his college after taking a couple of semesters away to study in India. 2 embarrass: cause to feel ashamed or socially uncomfortable --- The article describes the author’s most embarrassing moment as a reporter. ---Many parents and students seem embarrassed to admit they rely on tutors. Notes: As far as “embarrass” is concerned, there are two forms for this word. And this kind of usage goes to “interest”, “excite” etc. 3. publish: have sth printed and put on sale --- The New York Times is an internationally influential daily newspaper published in New York City, and distributed worldwide. Notes: The noun form of this word is publishment.
4. graduate: successfully complete a course and receive a certificate or diploma that shows this. When used as a verb, this word should be followed with from. And this word also can be used as a noun, which refers to those people who have got this kind of diploma or certificate. And the noun form of this word is graduation. --- Our English teacher graduated from Shanghai University in July, 2006. ---Linda had graduated a couple of years previously. 5. latter: (1) being the second of two people, things, or groups that have just been mentioned, and the opposite word is “former” --- I have to clean the kitchen and the bathroom---I’d rather to do the latter first. (2) near or nearer to the end --- The writer spent the latter part of her life in a remote village.
5. latter: (1) being the second of two people, things, or groups that have just been mentioned, and the opposite word is “former” --- I have to clean the kitchen and the bathroom---I’d rather to do the latter first. (2) near or nearer to the end --- The writer spent the latter part of her life in a remote village. 6. …suddenly feeling 15 again and hearing echoes of laughter. : … all of a sudden it reminding me of what had happened when I was 15 and the laughter I got from the class. “echo” (1) a sound which is caused by a noise being reflected off a surface such as a wall --- She listened and heard nothing but the echoes of her own voice in the dark cave. (2) a detail or feature which reminds a person of something else --- The incident has echoes of past disasters. “laughter”: the act or sound of laughing --- Laughter is the best medicine. To compare with “smile”, “giggle”—to laugh in a silly way because you are amused, embarrassed or nervous.
7. laundry: the dirty clothes, sheets, etc. needing washing or that have just been washed; the place where one can have dirty clothes, sheets washed. --- Everyone weekend, he put his dirty laundry in a bag and took it back home. --the hospital laundry, a laundry van 8. ancient: (1) belonging to the distant past --- Ancient Greek held the Olympic Games every four years to celebrate and honor Zeus, the king of the gods. (2) having a very long history or having existed for a long time --- Many of the ancients traditions persist in the modern world. (3) very old --- He thought it was cool and fun driving around in a really ancient car.
9 enclose (1) surround with a fence or wall so as to shut in or close --- The old couple lived in an enclosed village. (2) put (esp. something sent with a letter) inside --- I enclosed a sample in the mail. 10. illustrate: (1) explain and make a point clear by using examples, stories or diagrams -- The speaker told a story to illustrate the importance of critical thinking. (2) put pictures, photographs or diagrams into a book or lecture -- The children’s edition of Shakespeare is beautifully illustrated. Note: the noun form of this word is illustration. ---Hanging on a wall is an illustration of what the painter envisions for the future. 11. string: (1) thin cord made of twisted threads --- The picture was hung on the wall with a piece of string. (2) a series of events that happen one after the other ---It was the latest in a string of global disasters.
12. work on: study or research a particular subject or question -- The professor has been working for many years on black holes. 13. worldwide: throughout the world; the similar kind of words like: nationwide --There was a worldwide economic depression in the 1930s. 14. qualification (1) an official record of achievement that you get when you have successfully completed a course of training or passed on exam -- You need more qualifications if you decide to take up teaching. (2) a quality or skill that you need for a particular activity or job -- the candidate had every qualifications for the job except working experience. Notes: the related words like qualified (be qualified to do sth), qualify (qualify sb for sth). --- The training course will qualify you for a better job. -- Do you think the dress qualifies as evening wear?
15 fit in: manage to find time to do or to deal with --- Many working mothers just can’t fit in regular domestic work. 16 odds: the ratio of the probability of an event’s occurring to the probability of it’s not occurring --- George saw himself as a lifelong fighter against impossible odds. “against (all) odds”: in spite of all difficulties