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Chapter 03 Decimals McGraw-Hill/Irwin Copyright © 2011 by the McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.

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Presentation on theme: "Chapter 03 Decimals McGraw-Hill/Irwin Copyright © 2011 by the McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved."— Presentation transcript:

1 Chapter 03 Decimals McGraw-Hill/Irwin Copyright © 2011 by the McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.

2 1. Explain the place values of whole numbers and decimals; round decimals 2. Convert decimal fractions to decimals, proper fractions to decimals, mixed numbers to decimals, and pure and mixed decimals to decimal fractions Decimals #3 Learning Unit Objectives Rounding Decimals; Fraction and Decimal Conversions LU

3 1. Add, subtract, multiply, and divide decimals 2. Multiply and divide decimals by shortcut methods 3. Complete decimal applications in foreign currency Decimals #3 Learning Unit Objectives Adding, Subtracting, Multiplying, and Dividing Decimals LU

4 3-4 Table Bag of M&M’s Decimal Percent ColorFraction (hundredth)(hundredth) Yellow Yellow % 55 Red Red % 55 Blue Blue % 55 Orange Orange % 55 Brown Brown % 55 Green Green % 55 Total Total % 55 = 1

5 3-5 Decimal place-value chart Figure 3.1 HundredsThousandsTensOnes Hundredths Tenths Ten Thousandths Thousandths Hundred Thousandths 1, , , ,000 Decimal Point and Whole Number Groups Decimal Place Values

6 3-6 Rounding Decimals Step 1. Identify the place value of the digit you want to round Step 2. Identify the digit to the right. If 5 or more, increase the identified digit by 1. If less than 5 do not change Step 3. Drop all digits to the right of the identified digit.33

7 3-7 Rounding Decimals Round to nearest dollar: $ $166 Round to nearest cent: $1, $1, Round to nearest hundredth: $ $38.56 Round to nearest thousandth: $1, $1,

8 3-8 Converting Decimal Fractions to Decimals 2 Steps 1. Count the number of zeros in the denominator. 2. Place the numerator of the decimal fraction to the right of the decimal point the same number of places as you have zeros in the denominator. Do not go over the total number of denominator zeros. Fraction Decimal # of places , ,000

9 3-9 Converting Proper Fractions to Decimals EQUALS.75 Step 1

10 3-10 Converting Mixed Numbers to Decimals (Step 2) (Step 1)

11 3-11 Converting Pure Decimals to Decimal Fractions Step 1 Step 2 Step 3 Places

12 3-12 Converting Mixed Decimals to Decimal Fractions Step 1 Step 2 Step 3 Places =17

13 3-13 Adding Decimals Add:

14 3-14 Subtracting Decimals Subtract:

15 3-15 Multiplying Decimals 2.36 x decimal places decimal places 8.52 (2 decimal places) x 6.7 (1 decimal places) Need to add zero

16 3-16 Dividing Decimals Step 1. Make the divisor a whole number by moving the decimal point to the right Step 2. Move the decimal point in the dividend to the right the same number of places as in step 1. If there are not enough places, add zeros to the right of the dividend. Step 3. Place the decimal point in the quotient above the new decimal point in the dividend. Divide as usual Example

17 3-17 Decimals Applications in Foreign Currency Check $29.11 x = yuan Each 1 equal yuan The Wall Street Journal clip shows in China the price of Microsoft Office was reduced to 199 yuan from an original price of 699 yuan. Using the currencies table lets us see what the original as well as sales price is in U.S. dollars. In the table on page 74 1 yuan equals $ To find the original selling price you multiply the number of yuan (699) times $ yuan x $.1463 = $ The original selling price in U.S. Dollars is $ To find the new selling price in U.S. dollars, you multiply the number of yuan 199 times $ The new selling price in U.S. dollars is $ $199 x $.1463 = $29.11 Table factor from currency table on page 74

18 3-18 Shortcuts for Multiples of x x x Count the zeros in the multiplier Move the decimal point the same number of spaces to the right Multiplication

19 3-19 Shortcuts for Multiples of / / / Count the zeros in the divisor Move the decimal point the same number of spaces to the left Division

20 3-20 Problem 3-62: $24,000 x.6157 = 14,776.8 pounds Solution: Check: 14,776.8 x = $23,999

21 3-21 Problem 3-69: 2 x $29.95 = $59.90 $0.145 x = + $59.57 $ Solution:

22 3-22 Problem 3-74: $ $ $3.75 = $ sq. yards sq. yards sq. yards = x $6, Solution:

23 3-23 Problem 3-76: Laundry Detergent A $2.00 for 37 ounces $2.00 ÷ 37 = $.05 Laundry Detergent B $2.37 for 38 ounces $2.37 ÷ 38 = $.06 Mustard A $.88 for 6 ounces $.88 ÷ 6 = $.15 Mustard B $1.61 for 12.5 ounces $1.61 ÷ 12.5 = $.13 Canned Tuna A $1.09 for 6 ounces $1.09 ÷ 6 = $.18 Canned Tuna B $1.29 for 8.75 ounces $1.29 ÷ 8.75 = $.15 Solution:


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