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JANITOR & CUSTODIAN HAZARD AWARENESS. Taking the Safest Approach The best way to prevent injuries is to (#1) remove the hazard altogether, or keep it.

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Presentation on theme: "JANITOR & CUSTODIAN HAZARD AWARENESS. Taking the Safest Approach The best way to prevent injuries is to (#1) remove the hazard altogether, or keep it."— Presentation transcript:

1 JANITOR & CUSTODIAN HAZARD AWARENESS

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3 Taking the Safest Approach The best way to prevent injuries is to (#1) remove the hazard altogether, or keep it isolated, away from workers, so it cannot hurt anyone. This way the workplace itself is safer! Removing the hazard can sometimes be the most difficult solution or take the longest time to implement. You may need other solutions to protect you in the meantime, like changing the way the work is done (#2) or using protective clothing and equipment (#3).

4 EXAMPLE: Chemicals like toilet bowl cleaners can splash into janitors’ eyes. What controls can be put in place to keep workers from getting hurt? 1. Is there a way to remove the hazard? Use a less toxic product that causes fewer health problems. This is the safest approach. 2. What improvement in work practices would help? Train workers on the importance of pouring chemicals from a low height to avoid splashing. 3. What protective clothing or equipment would help? Use goggles to prevent any splashes from getting into the eyes.

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6 WITH ALL CLEANERS: Read the Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS) for the cleaner. Read the Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS) for the cleaner. This sheet explains what is in the product, how these ingredients may harm you, and how to protect yourself while using it. Many companies also have MSDSs on their website. This sheet explains what is in the product, how these ingredients may harm you, and how to protect yourself while using it. Many companies also have MSDSs on their website. You can also find them at MSDS Search You can also find them at MSDS Search

7 Physical Hazards

8 They’re responsible for a large variety of tasks: Vacuuming Vacuuming Sweeping and Mopping Sweeping and Mopping Waxing floors Waxing floors Cleaning bathrooms Cleaning bathrooms Dusting furniture Dusting furniture Moving furniture Moving furniture Emptying trash Emptying trash faucets faucets Mowing lawns Mowing lawns Restocking supplies Restocking supplies Wiping counters Wiping counters Scrubbing Scrubbing Unstopping drains/ repairing Unstopping drains/ repairing Removing stains Removing stains Heating/Air conditioning Heating/Air conditioning Ventilation Ventilation Insect control Insect control Maintaining and cleaning doors and windows Maintaining and cleaning doors and windows Delivery/Pick up of items Delivery/Pick up of items Extra security Extra security Weather emergencies Weather emergencies Lab spills Lab spills Helping with disabled cars Helping with disabled cars Minor repairs Minor repairs Painting and carpentry Painting and carpentry

9 Physical Hazards Falls from ladders and elevated platforms Falls from ladders and elevated platforms Wet, slippery floors Wet, slippery floors Falling objects Falling objects Moving or rotating machinery parts Moving or rotating machinery parts Electrical equipment and wires Electrical equipment and wires Hot equipment Hot equipment Sharp objects, scrap metal, broken glass Sharp objects, scrap metal, broken glass Noise from machinery or cleaning equipment Noise from machinery or cleaning equipment High temperatures High temperatures

10 Preventing falls from elevations Don’t work on an elevated floor or work location without guardrails in place. Don’t work on an elevated floor or work location without guardrails in place. Don’t stand on guardrails to gain extra height. Don’t stand on guardrails to gain extra height. Don’t lean over railings. Don’t lean over railings.

11 Preventing slips, trips, and falls: Wet, slippery floors are a major cause of slips, trips, and falls. To help prevent accidents: Wet, slippery floors are a major cause of slips, trips, and falls. To help prevent accidents: Wear safety shoes with non-skid soles Keep floors free from water or grease Clean floors regularly Use slip-resistant waxes on floors Clean up spills immediately Put up warning signs around spills or wet floors

12 Preventing injuries from machinery Machinery with moving or rotating parts must be equipped with guards. Become familiar with the hazards associated with particular machines. Do not work with or around machinery in which safeguards have been removed. Report to you supervisor about a damaged or missing safeguard.

13 Preventing burns from hot equipment Do not handle or touch hot (or those that may be hot) articles or surfaces with bare hands Do not handle or touch hot (or those that may be hot) articles or surfaces with bare hands If needed, wear heat- protective gloves If needed, wear heat- protective gloves Organize your work area to prevent contact with hot objects and flames Organize your work area to prevent contact with hot objects and flames Open hot water faucets slowly to avoid splashes Open hot water faucets slowly to avoid splashes Report any faulty equipment to your supervisor Report any faulty equipment to your supervisor

14 Biological hazards you may encounter: Blood and body fluids Blood and body fluids Pathogens Pathogens Viruses Viruses Bacteria Bacteria Fungi Fungi Parasites Parasites Rodents and rodent droppings Rodents and rodent droppings Insects Insects

15 Musculoskeletal Hazards Musculoskeletal and repetitive motion injuries can occur from: Overexertion (Heavy or awkward lifting) Overexertion (Heavy or awkward lifting) Awkward postures (bent back, kneeling) Awkward postures (bent back, kneeling) Repetitive movements (ex. Scrubbing) Repetitive movements (ex. Scrubbing)

16 Preventing musculoskeletal injuries Moving and storing items Moving and storing items Filling and emptying liquids from containers Filling and emptying liquids from containers Using hand tools Using hand tools Handling laundry, trash, and other bags Handling laundry, trash, and other bags Cleaning small items in large sinks Cleaning small items in large sinks Loading or unloading laundry Loading or unloading laundry Wet cleaning and mopping Wet cleaning and mopping Vacuuming or buffing Vacuuming or buffing General cleaning General cleaning

17 Use carts to store and transfer supplies Carts should have wheel locks. Carts should have wheel locks. Handles that can swing out of the way may be useful for saving space or reducing reach. Handles that can swing out of the way may be useful for saving space or reducing reach. Heavy carts should have brakes. Heavy carts should have brakes. Balance loads and keep loads under cart weight restrictions. Balance loads and keep loads under cart weight restrictions. Ensure stack height does not block vision. Ensure stack height does not block vision.

18 Most products used to remove graffiti contain harmful chemicals. These products may be liquids or solids. Liquids include cleaning solutions in: bottles, sprays, or special towels that come pre-soaked with chemicals. Solids used to remove graffiti are usually in the form of a paste.

19 Chemicals can get into your body in four main ways: Breathing (Inhalation) Breathing (Inhalation) You may be breathing chemical vapors or fumes from the products you use, even if you can’t see or smell them. From your lungs, chemicals can get into your blood. They then travel to many organs in your body, where they can cause damage. It is easier for chemicals to increase to a harmful level in the air inside an enclosed area such as a bus.

20 SKIN …… You may accidentally get chemicals on your skin. Even if you wear gloves or protective clothing, chemicals can sometimes soak through to your skin. Chemicals can also get onto your skin when you are removing wet gloves or clothing. Chemicals can be absorbed into your body through your skin. Some chemicals go through the skin very fast, and others slowly. Your blood then carries the chemicals throughout your body. Some chemicals can hurt your skin itself and cause irritation or serious burns.

21 EYES….. Your eyes can be seriously injured by chemicals. Chemicals may splash into your eyes, or you may accidentally touch your eyes when you have chemicals on your hands. Chemical vapors in the air can also harm your eyes. If you remove graffiti outside and it’s windy, the wind can blow chemicals into your eyes. If you remove graffiti overhead, chemicals can drip into your eyes.

22 Swallowing (Ingestion) Sometimes people swallow Sometimes people swallow chemicals that have gotten into their food or gotten into their food or drink, or onto their drink, or onto theircigarettes. You can swallow You can swallow chemicals if you eat drink, or smoke if you don’t before washing your hands.

23 Can You Tell By the Smell? NO! Don’t depend on smell to tell you if a product is safe or unsafe. Don’t depend on smell to tell you if a product is safe or unsafe. Many chemicals are very toxic even though they have no odor or smell good. Other chemicals have a strong smell but are fairly harmless. Many chemicals are very toxic even though they have no odor or smell good. Other chemicals have a strong smell but are fairly harmless. Some people have a better sense of smell than others. Also, you may get used to the odor and lose your ability to smell certain chemicals if you are around them for a while. Some people have a better sense of smell than others. Also, you may get used to the odor and lose your ability to smell certain chemicals if you are around them for a while.

24 Health Effects of Chemicals Many chemicals can hurt your body. With some chemicals, a small amount can harm you. With other chemicals, it takes a much larger amount to harm you. Effects of chemicals can be either: short term - cause symptoms right away (like a burn or a cough). long term - damage your health slowly. You can use them for months, or even years, before symptoms show up.

25 Health Effects of Chemicals Brain and Nervous System Brain and Nervous System Vapors of some chemicals can cause headache, dizziness, drowsiness, lack of coordination, or nausea. Eyes Eyes Some chemicals can burn your eyes or cause redness, watering, or itching. Some chemicals can burn your eyes or cause redness, watering, or itching. Nose, Throat, and Lungs Nose, Throat, and Lungs Some chemical vapors can cause a runny nose, scratchy throat, coughing, or shortness of breath. A few can cause asthma and other allergies. If you become allergic to a particular chemical, you may have an allergic reaction every time you use it. Skin Skin If you get certain chemicals on your skin, they can cause redness, itching, dryness, cracking, flaking, or burns. If you get certain chemicals on your skin, they can cause redness, itching, dryness, cracking, flaking, or burns. Blood-Forming System Blood-Forming System One class of chemicals, ethylene glycol ethers, can damage the bone marrow, where blood cells are formed. They can also damage the red blood cells themselves. This can cause anemia. One class of chemicals, ethylene glycol ethers, can damage the bone marrow, where blood cells are formed. They can also damage the red blood cells themselves. This can cause anemia. Liver and Kidneys Liver and Kidneys A few chemicals can cause permanent liver and kidney damage. Reproductive System Reproductive System Some chemicals can damage eggs and sperm, or cause birth defects. This is not common.Cancer Certain chemicals, such as methylene chloride, can cause cancer.

26 Other Hazards of Removing Graffiti Musculoskeletal: Hazards from extensive: standing standing bending bending reaching reaching scrubbing scrubbing repeating the same motions many times repeating the same motions many times You can often prevent injuries by: using better equipment, such as longer handles or padded grips using better equipment, such as longer handles or padded grips working in a better position working in a better position taking frequent breaks to stretch taking frequent breaks to stretch

27 Resources used for this overview: Removing Graffiti Safely socrates.berkeley.edu/~lohp/grap hics/pdf/graffiti.pdf socrates.berkeley.edu/~lohp/grap hics/pdf/graffiti.pdf Developed by the staff at: Occupational Health Surveillance and Evaluation Program (OHSEP), Occupational Health Branch, California Department of Health Services Labor Occupational Health Program (LOHP), Center for Occupational and Environmental Health, School of Public Health, University of California, Berkeley. WISHA Core Safety Rules (WAC ) WISHA Core Safety Rules (WAC ) (Basic safety and health rules needed by most employers in Washington State) Additional Safety Rules Additional Safety Rules (Fall protection, ladders, machine safety, lockout/tagout, electrical, hearing conservation, etc.) t.htm Look for more in-depth modules on many of the topics covered in this module at : Look for more in-depth modules on many of the topics covered in this module at : urses/default.asp urses/default.asp Workplace Safety and Health Workplace Safety and Health

28 Additional Resources MSDS Search MSDS Search Cleaning Fact Sheets Cleaning Fact Sheets WISHA has many workplace health and safety regulations, which are called standards. For example, there are standards that require employers to: WISHA has many workplace health and safety regulations, which are called standards. For example, there are standards that require employers to: Provide necessary PPE, safety equipment, and training at no cost. Provide necessary PPE, safety equipment, and training at no cost. Limit workers’ exposure to chemicals, noise, and other hazards. Limit workers’ exposure to chemicals, noise, and other hazards.

29 Thank you for taking the time to learn about safety and health and how to prevent injuries and illnesses.


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