Immigration of Chinese labor 19th California-gold rush Building of the First Transcontinental Railroad.
California-gold rush 1848-1855 Background Janes W Marshall Forty niniers Ten thousands from Latin America, Europe, Austrilia and China Effect Development of government and commerce Effects on Native Americans Anti-foreigner laws (Chinese, Latin American) World-wide economic stimulation (British manufacture china clothing)
Building of the First Transcontinental Railroad 1863-1869 (after California gold rush) Background Pacific railroad Provide timber and crops Mainly Constructed by Chinese immigrant labor (reason?)
Chinese Exclusion Act 1882 Background Gold rush (first? Reason for hire?) After Civil war (Politicized by Denis Kearney) (California Governor- John Bigler) (California government, tax) (1860, reason of exclusion)
Chinese Exclusion Act Act By 1878 congress decided to pass legislation California -1881 March 6th 1882 fully pass (action?) 1888 Scott Act (action?) 1924 Immigration Act (action?) 1943 Magnuson Act
Magnuson Act Background (1943, Warren G. Magnuson )Warren G. Magnuson Content
Important immigration acts of U.S. The Naturalization Act of 1790 established the rules for naturalized citizenship The Page Act of 1875 is the first act restricting immigration
The Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882 was an explicitly race-based immigration act. The Act of 1891 established a Commissioner of Immigration in the Treasury Department.
The Geary Act of 1892 extended and strengthened the Chinese Exclusion Act The Chinese Exclusion Repeal Act of 1943,Magnuson Act repealed the Chinese Exclusion Act and permitted Chinese nationals already in the country to become naturalized citizens
The Immigration and Nationality Act of 1965 (or Hart-Cellar Act) discontinued quotas based on national origin, while preference given to those who have U.S. relatives. For the first time Mexican immigration was restricted.
Talking points 1. Anti-immigration themes abound in early political cartoons. This vicious portrayal of a Chinese immigrant reflected the anger of many Californians in the 1800s. Chinese immigrants were so skilled and efficient they soon dominated the cigar, clothing and laundry trades. What made the Chinese easy scapegoats for San Franciscans frustrated by high unemployment?
Talking points * Scapegoat : Someone or a group of people who is/are singled out, unjustifiably blamed, and targeted with severe hostility.
Talking points Ans: 1869 Central Pacific Railroad Driving Chinese out A mass movement (in San Francisco in 1877 )
Talking points 2. Are similar cultural biases evident in the reaction to Latino immigration issues in the states bordering Mexico and elsewhere?
Cultural Bias The phenomenon of interpreting and judging phenomena Economics, psychology, anthropology, and sociology Color, location of body parts, mate selection, concepts of justice and taboos
Stereotypes of immigrants Jewish: very greedy, large noses, money grabbing cheats, kidnappers, monsters Latino: lazy, dark, indians, loud, they are Mexican
Mexico- United States Border International border Runs from San Diego, California, Tijuana and other place 3,169 km Most frequently crossed border
Mexico- United States Border To prevent illegal movement across the Mexico- United States border
Talking points 3.Racist and ethnic stereotyping in cartoons was common in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Define “stereotype” and explain how the term applies to this drawing. Would this cartoon be published by the mainstream press today?
Talking points Stereotype, is a common belief about specific social groups or types of individuals. Tradition clothing, small eyes and the hairstyle. Human rights, respect other people. This kind of cartoon is too offensive.