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Community Guide to Creating a Managed Anchorage and Mooring Field

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Presentation on theme: "Community Guide to Creating a Managed Anchorage and Mooring Field"— Presentation transcript:

1 Community Guide to Creating a Managed Anchorage and Mooring Field
Conservation Clinic University of Florida College of Law Boating and Waterway Management Program Florida Sea Grant

2 A well planned and executed Managed Anchorage and Mooring field (MAMF) can be beneficial to residents, boaters and the local government by encouraging tourism and providing for the efficient use of waterfront resources to enhance public access to the marine environment.

3 Overview 2 Step Process in creating a MAMF Project Initiation
Technical Legal Public (Educational) Project Development Public (Legal)

4 Florida Sea Grant and Conservation Clinic Experience
The Conservation Clinic and Florida Sea Grant have worked with communities to address harbor management around Florida.

5 Existing & Proposed Florida MAMFs
Fort Myers (****) moorings Fort Myers Beach (2004) 70 moorings Key West (2004/5) moorings, 24.3 acres Marathon Boot Key (2002) 64 moorings, 250 anchor Sarasota (pending 2005) 109 moorings, 110 acres Sarasota Sailing Squadron (pending 2005) Stuart (2001) moorings, 26.1 acres Vero Beach (1988) moorings, 9 acres

6 MAMF Administration Vero Beach – municipal Fort Myers Beach – concessioned Sarasota City Island – not for profit

7 Matanzas Pass, Fort Myers Beach

8 Vero Beach Municipal Mooring Field offers long-term and transient moorings. Anchoring limited outside mooring field by city ordinance (Length of Stay Regulation). Fees support facilities including fueling facility, pump-out facility and restrooms. Employees include harbormaster, assistant harbor master and part time employees. Harbormaster resides at the anchorage. There is also an advisory board to the anchorage. Establishes Enterprise Fund – money that it earns goes back to support the anchorage and harbor.

9 Fort Myers Beach Concession
70 moorings Fees depend on size and length of stay – vary between $6.50 and $10.00 per day. Facilities include dinghy docks, restrooms, and garbage disposal. Private Marina manages mooring field under concession from city.

10 Sarasota City Island Not for Profit
Sarasota Sailing Squadron seeking to formalize its historic anchorage Membership based Still in the permit process

11 Introductory Principles
Two sets of introductory principles are useful to keep in mind throughout the process of creating a mooring field. Principles of Anchoring Principles of Harbor Management See Thomas Ankersen and Richard Hamann, Anchoring Away: Government Regulation and the Rights of Navigation in Florida, Sea Grant (August 1999).

12 Principles of Anchoring
Federal, state and local laws apply to anchored boats. Boats must anchor so that they are not harming any other vessels, damaging property or injuring people, or preventing access to boats or property.

13 Principles of Anchoring
Boats should not anchor in sea grass or coral areas because of the damage that the anchors can do to these habitats. Boats should be able to get underway within a reasonable amount of time. Safety of the crew and boat is a primary concern.

14 Principles of Harbor Management
A harbor management plan should be developed. The plan should be based on objective data obtained by inventories of natural and cultural resources. The plan should be based on consensus.

15 Principles Harbor Management
A local board should be created that includes boaters in order to create the local harbor management plan. The local board should appoint a harbormaster to implement the harbor management plan. The harbor management plan should focus on providing adequate space via moorings or anchoring areas both for transient boaters and for safe shelter during storm events.

16 Principles Harbor Management
The harbor management plan should provide for a dinghy dock and on-shore facilities for boaters. The harbor management plan should provide for signage in the harbor. The board should inquire into funding mechanisms for harbor signs, moorings, improvements and amenities (dinghy dock, showers, laundry facilities, etc.).

17 Principles of Harbor Management
Try to get Special Anchorage Designation. Create a dispute resolution mechanism. Obtain the right to use the submerged lands.

18 Project Initiation: Develop Baseline
First, a community should develop baseline technical and legal data. This first step will determine the legal and technical feasibility of going forward and should provide for public input.

19 Develop Baseline Technical Data
Preliminary technical review. Develop baseline information for the public process. Create maps of your harbor that: Locate current obstructions Locate regulatory jurisdictions Locate environmental restraints e.g., sea grasses, oyster beds Locate access to channels, channel markers, Show depths Illustrate navigation constraints Illustrate physical constraints e.g., bottom holding characteristics

20 Example St. Johns River Water Management District Depth Data: St
Example St. Johns River Water Management District Depth Data: St. Augustine Harbor

21 Boater Characteristics
Boat traffic Types of patrons: transient versus local Current use Expected use Seasonality Assess boater needs

22 Consider Shoreline Resident Needs and Expectations

23 Services and Amenities
Potential Recreational Boater Needs and Wants Mooring Master (office) Security measures Hot showers and restrooms Drinking water Secure dinghy docks Pump-out station (or boat) Fueling Groceries, ship stores Boat yard for repairs Laundry facilities Trash pickup, recycling Recreational opportunities Shore-side transportation Bicycle racks Services and Amenities

24 Develop Baseline Technical Data
Harbor Maps that: Show study area boundaries Locate current obstructions (e.g., shoals) Locate regulatory jurisdictions and zones Locate environmental restraints e.g., sea grasses, oyster beds Show navigation and anchoring constraints Localized damage (e.g., seagrass scarring)

25 Develop Baseline Legal Data
Determine jurisdiction of bottom land Political (local government authority) Regulatory (DEP, USCG, ACOE etc.) Determine ownership of bottom land Include these determinations in the maps created in the baseline technical data

State of Florida owns the submerged lands administered by Governor and Cabinet sitting as the Board of Trustees of Internal Improvement Trust Fund. DEP serves as staff Overlying waters also subject to public trust Administered by DEP

27 Permitting of Mooring Field
DEP and U.S. Army Corps of Engineers - have permitting authority over submerged lands and overlying waters Aquatic Preserve designation presents an additional regulatory overlay U.S. Coast Guard – has authority over navigation safety and signage US FWS & Fl. FWCC have authority over protected species (e.g. Manatees)

28 Aquatic Preserves MAMF’s located within aquatic preserves will be subject to the Florida Aquatic Preserve Act and DEP Regulations. This will impose separate criteria for obtaining a permit. For approval of the project it must be found to be IN the public interest. Public Interest determination is based on a balancing of factors as outlined in (2) of the Florida Administrative Code. Projects in more pristine and less developed aquatic preserves are subject to and even higher standard in the public interest analysis.

29 Aquatic Preserves and the Public Interest Important Factors to Consider
Benefits Public access. Improve & enhance public health, safety,and welfare. Improve public land management. Improve & enhance public navigation. Improve & enhance water quality. Costs Reduced or degraded water quality. Reduced or degraded natural habitat and function. Harm to endangered species or their habitats. Adverse cumulative impacts.

30 Other Important Aquatic Preserve Considerations
Activities in aquatic preserves with management plans must be consistent with the preserve management plan. Docking facilities (moorings included) are subject to additional criteria in (5) of the F.A.C. Revenue generating docking facilities are subject to additional criteria in (5)(d)of the F.A.C.

31 So What About MAMFs in Aquatic Preserves?
Public recreation is allowable within aquatic preserves. Important Aquatic Preserve Goals Protect waters through regulation of human activity, so that the public may continue to use the waters for recreation including boating. Encouraging the protection, enhancement, or restoration of aquatic preserves.

32 The Lease is the Law The State regulates the MAMF through the Submerged Lands Lease (and the DEP Permit) These are obtained through a joint application process The Lease incorporates The DEP Permit, and all local government governance documents These include The authorizing ordinance The Harbor Management Plan

33 The Lease is the Law Key lease & permit provisions encountered in MAMF’s surveyed Nearly all moorings must be made available to public on a first-come first- serve basis (90% Sarasota & FMB) Commercial activities generally prohibited Use of revenue may be restricted Manatee education plan must be put in effect

To address concerns over access to marine waters, and the decline in “working waterfronts” the legislature enacted Chapter , Florida Statutes Especially relevant aspects of the law: Requires DEP to develop a general permit for mooring fields 50,000 sq. feet or less General permit is a simplified permit process 50,000 sq. ft. is a little less than 1 acre (43,560 sq.ft)

35 Mooring Radius

The Legislature also requires coastal counties to include “regulatory incentives & criteria” that encourage preservation of recreational and commercial working waterfronts in their future land use element The express purpose of this is to “provide access to navigable waters of the state for the public.” Which is something a managed anchorage and mooring field will help to accomplish

37 Establish Parameters of Harbor Management Plan
Use principles of harbor management Determine whether mooring field will be municipal, concession or non-profit Solicit public input

38 Project Development The successful establishment of a mooring field requires the completion of three concurrent processes once the baseline data is gathered. Technical Process Legal Process Public Process

39 Technical Process of establishing a mooring field:
Develop permit(s) application information Navigational Biological Water quality Hydrology This may require a coastal engineering consultant

40 Technical Process: Signs
Establish signage needs and permit requirements. Federal Permits Rivers and Harbors Act, Section 10, USACOE State Permits “Uniform waterway markers” Fla. Stat See Thomas Ankersen, Richard Hamann, Melissa Gross-Arnold, Regulatory Requirements for Private Aids to Navigation (Aug. 1998).

41 Legal Steps in establishing a managed mooring field and anchorage
Confirm the ownership of submerged lands. Confirm relevant political jurisdiction. Review Local Government Comprehensive Plans to determine whether a MAMF will be consistent with the plan. Initiate Drafting of Proposed Ordinance or Resolution see Thomas Ankersen, Christopher H. Pearce, An Annotated Model Municipal Harbor Management Ordinance (Aug. 2001). Select administration option. Governmental - Municipal Concession - Draft agreement between local government and concessionaire. Not-For Profit Organization The Federal Government and the State Government have concurrent authority over Navigation. Rivers and Harbors Act – Federal control over Navigation – Special Anchorage Grounds – through Coast Guard – for larger vessels Special Anchorage Areas – through Coast Guard – vessels less than 65 feet are not required to display their anchorage lights. 33 CFR 110 - Discuss Environmental Issues Sea grass and manatees Sanitation Pollution Background: Florida obtained title to nearly all the beds of all waters when it became a state. Through ch. 253, Fla. Stat., the state manages these lands through the Board of Trustees of the Internal Improvement Trust Fund. As a result, the state can exercise more control on the use of submerged lands than non-submerged private lands. I.e. is it a state sovereign submerged lands? If yes, obtain lease from the state. Fla. Admin. Code (1)(d)(8). If no, who owns the land? For example the city of Fort Myers owns submerged lands under its anchorage. Who has police jurisdiction? Determine if a Mooring Field is in accordance with the comprehensive plan. If not, go to County and get Comp Plan changed. Depending on whether you pursue a concessionaire to operate the mooring field or establish it as a municipal operation – you will need different agreements. Concessionaire contract Harbormaster contract.

42 Legal Steps in establishing a managed mooring field and anchorage
Obtain authorizations. Submerged lands lease Environmental Resource Permit - DEP Obstructions to Navigation – section 10 – Rivers and Harbor Act (USACOE) Special Anchorage Area Designation – U.S. Coast Guard Resource Agency Consultations Fish and Wildlife Service Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission Other Army Corps of Engineers Regulates obstructions to navigation – i.e. signs and moorings. 33 CFR 320.2 There are nationwide permits for some moorings. The Regulation distinguishes between whether you are in a Special Anchorage Area. 61 F.R. 65,913. “The areas described in subpart A of this part are designated as special anchorage areas for purposes of 33 U.S.C. §§ 2030(g) and 2035(j). Vessels of less than 20 meters in length, and barges, canal boats, scows, or other nondescript craft, are not required to sound signals required by rule 35 of the Inland Navigation Rules (33 U.S.C. 2035). Vessels of less than 20 meters are not required to exhibit anchor lights or shapes required by rule 30 of the Inland Navigation Rules (33 U.S.C. 2030).” 33.CFR 110.1 QUESTION FOR TOM AND RICHARD Should I discuss S (2) Fla. Stat. Nothing contained in the provisions of this section shall be construed to prohibit local governmental authorities from the enactment or enforcement of regulations which prohibit or restrict the mooring or anchoring of floating structures or live-aboard vessels within their jurisdictions. However, local governmental authorities are prohibited from regulating the anchorage of non-live-aboard vessels engaged in the exercise of rights of navigation.

43 Legal: Apply to be a Special Anchorage Area
Special anchorage areas are designated by the U.S. Coast Guard and provide certain navigational and regulatory benefits. They become marked on nautical charts They eliminate the need to display an anchor light at night Nationwide permits

44 Legal: Prepare Rules for Boaters that would be appended to use agreement
Examples from Fort Myers Beach Comply with U. S. Coast Guard regulations and safety standards and Chapter 327 of the Florida Statutes Be in good operational condition, capable of maneuvering under its own power Have current registration or acceptable documentation otherwise Have Liability Insurance coverage Contain a U. S. Coast Guard approved marine sanitation device, that complies with the U. S. Coast Guard requirements governing the installation and use of such devices upon that particular vessel

45 Legal: Prepare Harbormaster’s Operations and Management Handbook

46 Public Input Provide two or three different opportunities for public input prior to establishing a MAMF. The public should be provided the opportunity to sit down with the planners with the maps and the Harbor Management Plan created in the baseline step and determine: Any information that is missing from the maps such as other environmental constraints or user conflicts Location of amenities, e.g., dinghy dock, bathrooms, pump out station etc. Do you need to do to make the case that your mooring field is necessary? Do you need to make the determination that the mooring field is not detrimental to environment and safe in hurricanes? What kind of mooring system do you put in? What facilities are you willing to provide both harborside and seaside?

47 Public: Potential Issues
Length of stay Live aboards You may want to encourage some live aboards in order to foster a sense of community and increase security (campground host) Fee structure Tiered fees – graduated downward according to length of stay Relationship between harbormaster and boaters. There are marine contractors available. Fort Myer’s Beach put together a website.

48 LENGTH OF STAY Many jurisdictions regulate length of stay on waters within their jurisdictions However, this is not required in order to have a MAMF

49 LIVE-ABOARDS (& length of stay within the MAMF)
A MAMF may consider restricting & varying length of stay within the mooring field The State generally discourage live-aboards but they are allowed in some instances (e.g. Ft. Myers Beach) Pursuant to the FMB Lease a Live-Aboard is: “A vessel docked at the facility and inhabited by a person for any 5 consecutive days or a total of 10 within a 30 day period.” If allowed, “live-aboard status cannot exceed 6 months within any 12 month period” There can be significant benefits to at least some live-boards

50 Fee Schedule Considerations
Different Transient vs. Live-Aboard fees Reduced rate for off-peak season Monthly facility fee for amenities not included in base rate Ex.: Vero Beach fees support facilities including fueling facility, pump-out facility and restrooms. Reduced rate or tiered fees, graduated down for long-term stay Ex: vary between $6.50 and $10.00 per day.

51 Amenity & Service Considerations
Included Services Are they covered in the basic fee structure? Services Provided at Additional Cost Will boaters expect the service to be at an additional cost? Consider a monthly flat fee

52 Regulating Activities Within the MAMF
Reference local noise ordinance in MAMF Ordinance Reference Fla. Stat. Chapter 327 regarding vessel operational requirements in MAMF ordinance Prohibit other nuisance-like activities in MAMF Ordinance (VB) Rowdy Conduct (VB, FM) Hanging laundry (VB, FM, S)

53 Regulating Activities Within the MAMF
Hours for Repairs, or Not Allow Repairs (VB, FM, S, M) Consider Major or Refitting Vessels vs. Minor Limit For Sale Signage (FM, S) No Advertising or Soliciting (FM, S) Leashed pets only (VB, FM, S) Operational Hours for Noise & Machinery (FM, S, M) Prohibit grills on the dock (FM, S) Fishing in designated areas, or not at all (S) Swimming Prohibited (S, ??) Feeding Wildlife Prohibited (S)

54 Other Important Considerations In Establishing a MAMF
Insurance Requirements Proof of Insurance (M, S, FMB) Clear Dispute Resolution Processes Schedule Inspections & Maintenance During Off-Peak Season (ie, September for VB)

55 Technical Considerations
COASTAL ENGINEERING CONSULTANTS INC. Vessel Types & Sizes Subsurface Conditions Tidal Parameters Wind Exposure & Fetch Mooring Radius Overlap

56 MOORING SYSTEMS Anchors Down Lines Buoys Pendants Hardware COASTAL
ENGINEERING CONSULTANTS INC. Anchors Down Lines Buoys Pendants Hardware

57 MOORING COMPONENTS Town of Ft. Myers Beach City of Sarasota

58 Technical and Financial Resources
Technical Assistance Team (FDEP) Waterfronts Florida Office of Boating and Waterways (FWC) Florida Boating Improvements Trust Fund Florida Inland Navigation District Clean Vessel Act grant program (FDEP) Florida Sea Grant (technical)


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