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Household Fires By: Indira Sant

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1 Household Fires By: Indira Sant
Presentation by: Elisa Gonzalez, Viviana Epitacio, Geovanni Gonzalez, Kaylen Castaneda, and Aaron Lomeli

2 About Indira Sant She was born on January 4,1914.
She was raised in a small town named Belgaum, India, Karnataka. During the 1950’s she focused her talent on writing poetry of a “love and longing” type of theme after her husband’s death. She was a professor and later became a principle in a teacher’s training college in a Belgaum school. She studied at Rajaram college on Kolhapur, and Fergusson College in Pune.

3 When the speaker says without a “murmur,” she is saying that in India it is expected for a young lady to act a certain way, and is to have specific duties by the time she gets to the appropriate age, without anyone saying anything about it. The young girl is expected to help financially, she is also expected to do chores, and is supposed to help with what her father and mother need when they aren’t able to do it themselves. Although she works to make her own money, like I have stated, she is supposed to hand over a fair share of her earnings to help provide around the house. The daughter’s job: without a murmur to do the chores piling up around the house until she leaves for work, to pay her younger brother’s fees, to buy her sister ribbons, to get her father’s spectacles changed. To take the others to the movies on holidays, to keep back a little and hand over the rest on payday. DEFINITIONS: Murmur: A soft, indistinct sound made by a person or group of people speaking quietly or at a distance. Spectacles: Glasses

4 The son has already been taught how and when he is supposed to bring food for the family, he has also been taught to do certain chores. (Exp: cleaning and packing lunch) He is also supposed to act a certain way in front of his father as he does specific chores for his father because it’s a sign of respect. Instead of getting money handed to him easily, as any wealthy family would hand their child, instead he is questioned on why he wants it and for what purpose. The young man uses a bicycle, due to the poverty rates in India. His family can’t afford to buy him a vehicle. The son’s job: fresh savory snacks for the whole household to eat: to bring back the clothes from the washer man, to clean and put away the bicycle, to sing out of key while packing his fathers lunch at the stroke of the hour, to open the door sulkily whenever someone comes home from the movies, to wrinkle his brow when he puts out his hand for money and is asked instead. “How much? For what?” DEFINNITIONS: Savory: An aromatic plant that comes from the mint family Sulkily: Gloomy or dull.

5 The younger daughter’s job to savor the joys of shyness, to shrink back minute by minute. The younger son’s job: to choke all the while, grow up slowly in states of wet and dry. In this stanza it is saying that the young girl should enjoy her childhood as much as she can before she enters a world full of complications and disappointments. In this stanza it is saying that the young boy should take his time and shouldn’t rush to become a man as it is usually expected from a young boy in India. All though he may be going through good and bad times it is important that the young boy learns how to embrace his childhood. In the end it is important to know that although they are young and they are both supposed to work hard they should remain children-like for the period of time that they are young. DEFINITIONS: Savor: to enjoy something completely (usually being food or a drink) States of wet and dry (reference): Refers to the good and bad in someone’s life.

6 She has drained her self-being by raising her children, suffering the consequences of having more than 1 child in a poverty stricken community in India. Tattered clothes signifying “rag looking clothes” symbolizing once again the poverty they struggle living in. The fire refers to anger, meaning that if she breaks down letting what’s going on get to her emotionally, it will give her a disrupted mindset. Four children learning in her fold, her body drained by hardship, what’s left of her? A mass of tatters, five tongues of flame licking and licking at her on every side, fanning and fanning the fire in her eyes till her mind boils over, gets burned. DEFINITIONS: Hardship: Severe suffering or privation.

7 Elements in Household Fires poem
Caesuras (. , ?) Tone & Diction Poetry Information “and is asked instead . How much? For what?” “what’s left of her? A mass od tatters,” Tone: Hardship/Reality Diction: Negative. Drained Hardship Flame Burned Iambic Meter: Iambic/Trochaic Type of Poem: Free Verse Enjambments: Total # is 8: Lines: 1, 8, 10, 14, 16, 18, 25, and 30. Theme: Poverty This poem consists of one sestet, one octet(octave), and two x- lined stanzas.

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