Presentation on theme: "Locating and Operating Vehicle Controls"— Presentation transcript:
1 Locating and Operating Vehicle Controls Accelerator and Brake PedalsPosition the right heel of foot on the floor so the ball of foot can pivot between pedalsAccelerator is used to maintain, increase, and/or decrease speedBrake is used to slow or stop vehicleWhich pedal do you think you will use most often?
2 Locating and Operating Vehicle Controls Parking brakeUsed to hold vehicle in place when parkedCan be used as an “emergency brake”Small pedal located to the left of the driver or a hand-operated lever near the center consoleClutch pedal (Manual shift)Pedal located to the left of the brakeDepress pedal to switch gearsease off clutch until friction point to smoothly engage engine
3 Locating and Operating Vehicle Controls Ignition Switch or RemoteLocated on the dashboardOff/Accessories/On/StartCruise/Speed ControlLocated on steering wheel, dash, or lever to the right of the wheelAllows vehicle to maintain constant speed and should be used only on dry pavement*DO NOT USE WHEN ROAD IS WET*
4 Locating and Operating Vehicle Controls Gear Selector LeverLocated on steering column or center consolePress button on end of leverP=Park, R=Reverse, N=Neutral, D=Drive (O/D overdrive on/off switch) 2=Stronger engine braking L=Maximum engine brakingBrake pedal must be depressedto place vehicle in gear or park
5 Locating and Operating Vehicle Devices Turn Signal LeverLocated on left side of steering wheelLift up for right turn, press down for left turnLane change hold up or press down half wayHazard FlashersLocated on steering column to the right or instrumental panelWindshield Wipers and Washer ControlPart of turn signal lever in some vehiclesOpposing lever on some vehiclesTwo controls: one for speed, one for washer fluid
6 Locating and Operating Vehicle Devices Headlights / Running Lights / Tail LightsControlled usually by a knob or switch located on the left of the dash or a lever on the steering columnLow to high beam pull toward you or push awayOn/Off: twist lever away or toward you to proper setting
7 Locating and Operating Vehicle Devices HornLocated on the steering wheel cross bar or on the pad on the lower half of the wheel, above or below the air bag cover., and usually marked with horn symbolUsed as a warning device onlyHood ReleaseUsually located on the left side under the instrument panelPull the lever to release the hoodA second latch under the hood also needs to be releasedDriver often the confuse the brake release with the hood release
8 Locating and Operating Vehicle Devices Trunk Release (if equipped)Located in glove box, driver’s door, or keyless remote entry fobInside trunk - safety release device glows in the dark for emergency trunk escapeFuel Door Release (if equipped)Can be a lever on floor to the left of the driver’s seat or may be located in the glove boxSun VisorAngle away from face for glare protection
9 Locating and Operating Vehicle Devices Heater/Ventilation/Air Conditioner (HVAC)Temperature controlVariable fan speedAir flow movementWindshield defrosterRear window defrosterOptional AccessoriesRadio/Sound SystemOther?
10 Locating and Operating Vehicle Devices Tire Pressure Monitoring System (TPMS)The Tire Pressure Monitoring System (TPMS) uses a dashboard warning light to alert the driver when one or more of a vehicle’s tires is significantly underinflated – a leading cause of tire failureA tire is considered significantly underinflated when its pressure is 25 percent below the vehicle manufacturer’s recommended tire inflation pressureSince September 1, 2007, all new vehicles have TPMS
11 Locating and Operating Vehicle Devices Backup CameraActivates when the vehicle is shifted to ReverseHelps drivers see the blind spot directly behind the bumper and beyondGlobal Positioning SystemGives reliable location and time information anywhere on or near Earth when there is an unobstructed line of sight to four or more GPS satellites
12 Locating and Operating Vehicle Devices Instrument Panel Gauges and Lights Location of gauges, controls, alert and warning symbols/lights varies from one vehicle to anotherRefer to vehicle owner’s manual for accurate use and directionsInstrument panel is usually back-lit at nightSome vehicles have a “rheostat” to regulate the intensity of the light
13 Control, Information, Comfort, and Safety Devices Instrument PanelSpeedometerTachometerOdometerTripometerFuel GaugeOil/Temperature PressureLocation and description for all instruments and features can be found in the Vehicle Owner’s Manual
14 Control, Information, Comfort, and Safety Devices Airbag Warning LightBrake System Warning LightABS Alert/Warning Light
15 Control, Information, Comfort, and Safety Devices Instrument PanelTurn Signal Indicator LightHigh Beam Indicator LightOthersLocation and description for all controls and safety devices are located in the Vehicle Owner’s Manual
16 Locating and Operating Vehicle Devices Alert/Warning Symbols and Controls WorksheetA.F.K.P.Air Bag On/Off SwitchBattery/Alternator Warning LightLow Oil Pressure Warning LightFuel IndicatorB.G.L.Q.Air Bag FunctioningBrake Warning LightTemperature IndicatorFuse / Fuse BoxC.H.M.R.Antilock Brake System FunctioningSafety Alert SymbolSeat Belt ReminderEmergency FlashersD.I.N.S.THEFTTheft-Deterrent System ActivationVent and Air Flow ControlFog LampsTurn Signal Wipers StalkE.J.O.T.TPMS/Tire Pressure Monitoring System12 Volt Extension OutletDoor LocksDrive Wheel Selector
17 Locating and Operating Vehicle Devices Alert/Warning Symbols and Controls WorksheetU.Z.EE.JJ.Headlights/High Beam IndicatorLeft/Right Signal IndicatorLighter IndicatorPower Window ControlsV.AA.FF.KK.Hood ReleaseRear Defroster IndicatorExterior LightsFront Windshield DefrosterW.BB.GG.LL.O/DOFFHornOverdrive On/Off IndicatorCruise Control DeviceWindshield WasherX.CC.HH.MM.Steering Wheel Height AdjustmentFan Speed IndicatorParking Lamp IndicatorWindshield WipersY.DD.II.NN.ETS OFFElectronic Traction Control SystemInterior Light AdjustmentAdjust Left/Right Side MirrorTrunk Release
18 THEFT Locating and Operating Vehicle Devices NAME: ___________ Alert/Warning Symbols and Controls WorksheetA.F.K.P.B.G.L.Q.C.H.M.R.D.I.N.S.THEFTE.J.O.T.
19 Locating and Operating Vehicle Devices Alert/Warning Symbols and Controls WorksheetU.Z.EE.JJ.V.AA.FF.KK.W.BB.GG.LL.O/DOFFX.CC.HH.MM.Y.DD.II.NN.ETSOFF
20 Starting Tasks Seatbelts! Check/set park brake (P) and place Right foot on brake pedal, heel on floorLeft foot on “dead pedal” for balanceKey in ignition, and turn toward startCheck alert, warning lights and gaugesAdjust ventilation, accessories, etcTurn headlights on20
21 Have students “pretend” -back up straight-back up to corner-back up to door
22 Steering Wheel Control Amount of steering required to adjust path of travel varies among vehiclesSlower speeds require faster steering wheel movementFaster speeds require slower steering movementSteer right – vehicle turns to the rightSteer left – vehicle turns to the left22
23 Proper Hand PositionIf your steering wheel were a clock, your hands should be at the 8 o’clock and 4 o’clock positions. Hold the wheel with your fingers and thumbs Avoid gripping it with your palms.
24 Proper Hand Position Acceptable Steering Techniques: Push/Pull/Slide (*recommended)Hand-Over-Hand (*for tight spots ex. parking)
25 Operating Vehicle Control Devices Safety Considerations to Minimize Risks :Maintain steering control while adjusting information, comfort, or control devicesAlways turn steering wheel in direction of desired movement when- Moving forward or- Moving backwardWhen adjusting steering wheel height and/or angle consider- Airbag deployment- Hand position- Wheel movementCrossing arms over airbag creates an injury & crash risk!25
26 Back It Up…You Got It… Beep. Beep. Beep. Backing up your car may be considered one of the most dangerous maneuvers. As a matter of fact, CDC estimates that an average of 7,475 children under the age of 15 were injured as of a result of backing up cars between the years of The reason behind this is the presence of blind spots, not allowing sufficient visibility for the naked eye. For this reason when baking up, it is essential and of utmost importance to practice extreme caution.
27 Mirror usage should be secondary. Trust what you see with your eyes! BackingMirror usage should be secondary. Trust what you see with your eyes!Reverse
28 Common Mistakes While Backing DMVM - page 27 Failing to look both ways behind youMirrors don’t give full viewTurn body and headBacking up too fast/in a hurryBack-up slowlyChecking for pedestrians and approaching trafficFoot remains on/near/covering the brakeIf acceleration is required, press gentlyTurning the wheel in the wrong direction…Continued on next slide…
29 MISTAKE: Turning the Wheel in the Wrong Direction HERE’S HOW IT WORKS:Turn the wheel in the direction you want the back end of the car to turn.If you want the rear of the car to turn to the right, turn the wheel to the right.If you want the rear of the car to turn left, turn the wheel to the left.
30 Backing StraightPlace your left hand on top of the steering wheel and your right arm across the top of the passenger seat.Reversing is the only driving situation where holding the wheel with one hand is encouraged.Left Hand
31 Visibility DMVM p. 21Most of what you do while driving depends on what you see. To be a good driver, you need to know what to look for, where to look, and how to adjust to possible problems. The single biggest contributor to crashes is failing to identify a risk. You must look down the road, to the sides, and behind your vehicle. You must also be alert for unexpected events. You must use your headlights at night and other times when it’s hard to see. You must be alert and pay attention to what is going on around you.