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ME 330 Manufacturing Processes MECHANICAL ASSEMBLY: Joining Methods using Fasteners.

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Presentation on theme: "ME 330 Manufacturing Processes MECHANICAL ASSEMBLY: Joining Methods using Fasteners."— Presentation transcript:

1 ME 330 Manufacturing Processes MECHANICAL ASSEMBLY: Joining Methods using Fasteners

2 Overview of processes

3 Principle of the process Structure and configuration Process modeling Defects Design For Manufacturing (DFM) Process variation

4 Mechanical Assembly: Definition Use of various methods to mechanically attach two or more parts together. This can be done by

5 Two Major Types of Mechanical Assembly 1.allow for disassembly 2.create a permanent joint with no possibility of disassembly  Adhesion and bonding  Use of the third part component  Use of the deformation between two components to be assembled.

6 Pros of Mechanical Assembly 1.Ease of assembly – can be accomplished with relative ease by unskilled workers  Minimum of special tooling required  Can be done in a relatively short time 2.Ease of disassembly – at least for the methods that permit disassembly  Some disassembly is required for most products to perform maintenance and repair

7 Principle of the process Structure and configuration Process modeling Defects Design For Manufacturing (DFM) Process variation

8 Use of the third part component - fastener for the joining with a possibility of disassembly See for a good overview:

9 Fastens: Screws, Bolts, and Nuts 1.Screw - externally threaded fastener generally assembled into a blind threaded hole. Some screws are self-tapping so there is no need to tap the hole. 2.Bolt - externally threaded fastener inserted into through holes and "screwed" into a nut on the opposite side. 3.Nut - internally threaded fastener having standard threads that match those on bolts of the same diameter, pitch, and thread form.

10 Self-Tapping Screws  Designed to form or cut threads in a pre ‑ existing hole into which it is being turned.  For thicker materials, a hole needs to be drilled first, or cracking may result.

11 Nut Types  Hex nut: plain type  Wing nut: designed for hand tightening  Nylon insert lock nut: has nylon insert to resist loosening. Also called Nylock nut  Castle nut: used with a cotter pin to prevent loosening

12 Some Facts About Screws and Bolts 1.Screws and bolts come in a variety of sizes, threads, and shapes. 2.Much standardization in threaded fasteners, which promotes interchangeability. 3.Canada and US is converting to metric, further reducing variations. 4.Differences between threaded fasteners affect tooling Example: different screw head styles and sizes require different screwdriver designs.

13  Common head styles available on screws Head Styles on Screws Courtesy of

14  Common drive styles available on screws Drive Styles on Screws Courtesy of

15  Assembly functions such as fastening collars, gears, and pulleys to shafts Setscrews

16 Assembly enhancement: Screw Thread Inserts Internally threaded plugs or wire coils designed to be inserted into an unthreaded hole and accept an externally threaded fastener  Assemble into weaker materials to provide strong threads  Expand when screwed into, in some cases

17 (a) before insertion, and (b) after insertion into hole and screw is turned into insert

18  Hardware component often used with threaded fasteners to ensure tightness of a mechanical joint. Simplest form = flat ring of thin sheet metal.  Functions: 1.Distribute stresses 2.Provide support for large clearance holes 3.Protect part surfaces and may help seal 4.Increases spring tension 5.Resists inadvertent unfastening Assembly enhancement: Washer

19 Washer Types a)plain (flat) washers b)spring washers: dampens vibration and resists loosing of bolt/screw c)Lock washer: designed to resist loosening of bolt/screw d)split lock washer: designed to resist loosening of bolt/screw (d)

20 Use of the third part component - fastener for the permeant joining Rivets Unthreaded, headed pins used to join two or more parts by passing the pin through holes in parts and forming a second head in the pin on the opposite side

21 Five Basic Types of Rivets (a) Solid, (b) tubular, (c) sem itubular, (d) bifurcated, and (e) compression

22 Applications and Advantages of Rivets 1.Used primarily for lap joints. 2.A primary fastening method in aircraft and aerospace industries. 3.Advantages:  High production rates  Simplicity  Dependability  Low cost

23 Tooling and Methods for Rivets 1.Impact - pneumatic hammer delivers a succession of blows to upset rivet. 2.Steady compression - riveting tool applies a continuous squeezing pressure to upset rivet. 3.Combination of impact and compression.

24 Fastening with Eyelets (a) Eyelet, (b) assembly sequence: (1) inserting eyelet through holes and (2) setting operation

25 Summary 1.Mechanical assembly concept – providing force constraints on two parts mechanically. 2.Assembly can be: permanent and disassemble. 3.Dissemble possibility: bolts-nuts, screw. 4.Permanent: rivets. 5.Rives: cheap, efficient used in aircraft, ship.


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